Frankfurt–Hahn Airport

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For the NATO military use of this facility, see Hahn Air Base.
Frankfurt–Hahn Airport
Flughafen Frankfurt-Hahn
Flughafen Frankfurt-Hahn logo.svg
Terminal2 hahn airport.jpg
IATA: HHNICAO: EDFH
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Frankfurt-Hahn GmbH
Serves Rhineland-Palatinate
Location Kirchberg, Germany
Focus city for Ryanair
Elevation AMSL 1,649 ft / 503 m
Coordinates 49°56′54″N 007°15′51″E / 49.94833°N 7.26417°E / 49.94833; 7.26417Coordinates: 49°56′54″N 007°15′51″E / 49.94833°N 7.26417°E / 49.94833; 7.26417
Website hahn-airport.de
Map
HHN is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
HHN
HHN
Location of airport in Rhineland-Palatinate
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
03/21 12,467 3,800 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers Decrease 2,667,529[1]
Source: [2]

Frankfurt–Hahn Airport (German: Flughafen Frankfurt-Hahn, IATA: HHNICAO: EDFH) is a minor international airport located 10 km (6.2 mi) from the town of Kirchberg and 20 km (12 mi) from the town of Simmern in the Rhein-Hunsrück district of Rhineland-Palatinate to the west of central Germany.

Despite its name, the airport is virtually equidistant between Frankfurt and Luxembourg – about 120 km (75 mi) to each city by road. It is actually closer to the German cities of Koblenz at about 70 km (43 mi) and Mainz at about 90 km (56 mi). The addition of Frankfurt to its name however is not an invention of low-cost carriers as is the case with some other airports – Frankfurt-Hahn is the airport's official name as it positioned itself as an alternative to Frankfurt Airport for low-cost and cargo traffic. During the 2000s it was owned by Fraport, which also operates Frankfurt Airport.

History[edit]

Military past[edit]

Main article: Hahn Air Base

During the Cold War Frankfurt–Hahn Airport was a frontline NATO facility known as Hahn Air Base. Hahn Air Base was the home of the United States Air Force 50th Fighter Wing (in various designations) for most of those years as part of the United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE). It was one of several USAFE bases in Germany (Zweibrücken, Ramstein, Sembach, Bitburg, Spangdahlem, and Rhein-Main) all within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of each other. Beyond their location in the heart of US troop concentrations, these air bases were well situated to reach all locations within Europe and the Mediterranean region.

On 30 September 1993, most of Hahn Air Base was turned over to civil German authorities. The USAF retained a small portion as a communications site until 2012.[2] It is still frequently used for military charters, these flights being operated by, amongst others, Delta Air Lines and United Airlines.

Development into a low-cost airport[edit]

The German government decided to turn the former airfield into a civil airport. One of the main investors in the development of the new Frankfurt–Hahn Airport was Fraport, which primarily runs Frankfurt Airport, the aim being to reduce the amount of traffic using that airport. In 2009 Fraport sold its 65% Frankfurt–Hahn shares for €1 including debt of €120 million to the federal state Rhineland-Palatinate.[3]

Hahn charges its airline operators less due to its remote location. This has made the airport popular with low-cost carriers, especially Ryanair which uses the airport as a major base. Hahn also serves as one of the major cargo airports in Germany.

The world record for heaviest single-piece of air cargo, a 189.98 metric tonne generator for a gas power plant in Armenia, was set on a cargo flight departing from Hahn in 2009 using the Antonov 225.[4]

In 2013, Etihad Crystal Cargo announced the relocation of their cargo operations from Hahn to Frankfurt Airport which caused a downturn for the airport as Etihad was one of the most important customers.[5] Additionally, Ryanair announced the cancellation and reduction of several routes for summer 2014 as three of nine based aircraft are removed.[6] In January 2014 it has been announced that the airport has accumulated debts of € 125 million while passenger and cargo traffic are decreasing. Due to this figures a closure of the airport within the next ten years is not excluded.[7]

Infrastructure[edit]

Terminals[edit]

Check-in area

The airport consists of one passenger and one cargo terminal. The passenger terminal is equipped with some shops and restaurants, for example a branch of McDonald's.[8] The apron features eleven stands for mid-sized aircraft such as the Boeing 737 which are reached by walk-boarding. The cargo apron features three stands for large aircraft such as the Boeing 747-8F.

Runway[edit]

Frankfurt–Hahn has a long runway of 3,800 metres (12,467 ft) in the direction of 03/21. This combined with a large apron allows it to handle some of the world's biggest aircraft such as the Antonov An-124 or the Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter, both types being frequent visitors. It has an Instrument Landing System available to both sides, with runway 21 being category 3 approved; low visibility conditions being a frequent problem at the airport, especially during autumn and winter.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Ryanair Alghero, Alicante, Bari, Bergamo, Cagliari, Comiso, Dublin, Féz, Girona, Kaunas (ends 28 March 2015), Kerry, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London-Stansted, Málaga, Marrakesh, Montpellier, Palma de Mallorca, Pescara, Pisa, Plovdiv, Porto, Reus, Riga, Rome-Ciampino, Santiago de Compostela, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Trapani, Treviso, Valencia
Summer seasonal: Chania, Edinburgh, Faro, Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Jerez, Kos, Pula, Rhodes, Santander, Tampere, Volos, Zadar
SunExpress Izmir
Wizz Air Budapest, Gdańsk (begins 31 March 2015),[9] Katowice, Skopje, Sofia, Târgu Mureș, Timişoara (begins 3 November 2014), Vilnius (begins 22 April 2015)

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Armenia Yerevan
Air China Cargo[10] Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK, Shanghai-Pudong
Atlas Air Mumbai
MyCargo Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Nippon Cargo Airlines Amsterdam, Milan-Malpensa, Tokyo-Narita
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Yangtze River Express[11] Amsterdam, Chicago-O'Hare, Novosibirsk, Tianjin

Statistics[edit]

A Ryanair Boeing 737-800 at Frankfurt-Hahn Airport
Number of Passengers
2004 2,751,585
2005 Increase 3,076,823
2006 Increase 3,704,633
2007 Increase 4,014,898
2008 Decrease 3,940,159
2009 Decrease 3,793,710
2010 Decrease 3,493,451
2011 Decrease 2,894,109
2012 Decrease 2,790,961
2013 Decrease 2,667,402
Source: ADV[12]

Ground transportation[edit]

Frankfurt–Hahn Airport is almost equidistant from Frankfurt and Luxembourg – the Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof (Frankfurt main railway station) being 123 km from the airport and Gare Centrale Luxembourg (Luxembourg central railway station) being 118 km from the airport.[13]

Coach[edit]

Hahn is served by a number of (mostly) private coach operators that run regular services to Frankfurt am Main (1 h 45 min, via Frankfurt Airport, Terminal 2), Cologne (2 h 15 min), Luxembourg (1 h 45 min) and a number of other cities in western Germany and the region.

Rail[edit]

The airport has no railway station (it used to have a freight-railway connection). The nearest train station is in Traben-Trarbach (20 km by road, 10 km as the crow flies), the terminus of the Pünderich–Traben-Trarbach railway. The nearest long-distance railway stations are Bullay (15 km to the NW, on the Koblenz–Trier–Saarbrücken line), and Idar-Oberstein (26 km south), Kirn (22 km SE) and Bad Sobernheim (30 km SE), all on the Mainz–Bad Kreuznach–Saarbrücken line. Frequent buses also run to the main railway station of nearby cities, the closest being Mainz (1 h 10 min, 60 km or 37 mi to the east) and Koblenz (1 h 5 min, 50 km NE).

Car[edit]

Hahn is fairly well reachable by road, the nearest Autobahn connections are approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the west (A1) or east (A 61). Parking and car rental are available at the airport.

Other facilities[edit]

AirIT Services AG, a subsidiary of Fraport, has its head office in Building 663 at Hahn Airport.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982 USAF Reference Series, Office of Air Force History, United States Air Force, Washington, D.C., 1989
  • Endicott, Judy G., USAF Active Flying, Space, and Missile Squadrons as of 1 October 1995. Office of Air Force History
  • Fletcher, Harry R., Air Force Bases Volume II, Active Air Force Bases outside the United States of America on 17 September 1982, Office of Air Force History, 1989

External links[edit]

Media related to Frankfurt-Hahn Airport at Wikimedia Commons