Frankfurt West station

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Frankfurt (Main) West
Elevated section
Operations
Category 3
Type Through station
Platforms in use
  • 3 main line
  • 2 S-Bahn
DS100 code FFW
Station code 1858
Construction and location
Opened 1848
Architect Julius Eugen Ruhl
Location Frankfurt
State Hesse
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
50°07′09″N 8°38′22″E / 50.11917°N 8.63944°E / 50.11917; 8.63944Coordinates: 50°07′09″N 8°38′22″E / 50.11917°N 8.63944°E / 50.11917; 8.63944
Route information
List of railway stations in Hesse

Frankfurt (Main) West station (German: Bahnhof Frankfurt (Main) West or Frankfurt Westbahnhof) is a railway station for regional and S-Bahn services in Frankfurt, Germany, on the Main-Weser Railway, in the district of Bockenheim, near the Frankfurt Trade Fair grounds and the Bockenheim campus of the Goethe University Frankfurt.

History[edit]

Platform for S6 city-bound services
Platforms for regional and S6 city-bound services, looking north
Platform 1 on upper level

The station was opened as Bockenheim Station in 1849 during the construction of the Main-Weser Railway from Frankfurt to Kassel. The then independent city of Bockenheim was until 1866 in the territory of the Electorate of Hesse-Kassel. The station building was built in a relatively elaborate Renaissance Revival style to a design by Julius Eugen Ruhl.

The first major change in the railways to affect Bockenheim station occurred in1888 with the opening of the new Frankfurt Central Station. As part of this project a connection was opened on 10 May 1884 from Bockenheim Station to the Homburg Railway, a connection that could not be built fifteen years earlier during the Homburg line’s original construction because the various small states involved failed to come to an agreement.

In addition, a sweeping curve was built for the Main-Weser line’s northern approach to the new Central Station. The old ran from the old Main-Weser terminus to Am Hauptbahnhof (the square in front of the Hauptbahnhof) along the current Kaiserstrasse and then turned north. Its abandoned path to Bockenheim Station was turned into a street, which was initially called Bahnstraße and it is now a series of streets: Hamburger Allee, Friedrich-Ebert-Anlage and Düsseldorfer Straße.

Modern station[edit]

In 1913, the station was renamed Frankfurt West. The historic station building was destroyed in World War II. A modern functional building was built in 1961. During the building of the S-Bahn in the 1970s most of this station was demolished and replaced by a simple building, which seems to be tucked under the elevated S-Bahn line.

The current station has two levels. The ground level is used by regional trains and S-Bahn S6 trains towards the city on platforms 3, 4 and 5. The S-Bahn lines S3, S4 and S5 and S6 towards Friedberg use an approximately one kilometre long elevated section with a two-track elevated station (platforms 1 and 2).

Services[edit]

The station is served by S-Bahn lines S3, S4, S5 and S6.

Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
toward Treysa and Dillenburg
SE 30/40
Mittelhessen-Express
Terminus
Preceding station   Rhine-Main S-Bahn   Following station
toward Bad Soden
S3Frankfurt S3.svg
toward Kronberg
S4Frankfurt S4.svg
toward Langen
S5Frankfurt S5.svg
toward Südbahnhof
toward Friedberg
S6Frankfurt S6.svg
toward Südbahnhof

References[edit]

  • Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen (Hesse State Conservation), ed. (2005). Eisenbahn in Hessen. Eisenbahnenbauten- und strecken (Railways in Hesse. Rail construction and lines) 1839–1939 (in German). Stuttgart: Theiss Verlag. p. 197. ISBN 3-8062-1917-6. 
  • Schack, Martin ; Langner, Ulrich (2004). Neue Bahnhöfe : die Empfangsgebäude der Deutschen Bundesbahn 1948–1973 (New stations: station buildings of the German Federal Railways from 1948 to 1973 (in German). Berlin: Neddermeyer. ISBN 3-933254-49-3.