Franklin, New Jersey

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See also: Franklin Township, New Jersey; Franklin Lakes, New Jersey
Franklin, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Franklin
Nickname(s): Fluorescent Mineral Capital of the World[1]
Map of Franklin in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Map of Franklin in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Franklin, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Franklin, New Jersey
Coordinates: 41°06′32″N 74°35′19″W / 41.108997°N 74.588641°W / 41.108997; -74.588641Coordinates: 41°06′32″N 74°35′19″W / 41.108997°N 74.588641°W / 41.108997; -74.588641[2][3]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Sussex
Incorporated April 23, 1913
Government[7]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Paul B. Crowley (term ends December 31, 2015)[4]
 • Administrator James C. Kilduff[5]
 • Clerk Robin Hough (acting)[6]
Area[3]
 • Total 4.570 sq mi (11.835 km2)
 • Land 4.498 sq mi (11.650 km2)
 • Water 0.072 sq mi (0.185 km2)  1.57%
Area rank 282nd of 566 in state
17th of 24 in county[3]
Elevation[8] 541 ft (165 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total 5,045
 • Estimate (2013)[12] 4,937
 • Rank 376th of 566 in state
11th of 24 in county[13]
 • Density 1,121.6/sq mi (434.9/km2)
 • Density rank 366th of 566 in state
7th of 24 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07416[14][15]
Area code(s) 973 exchanges: 209, 823, 827[16]
FIPS code 3403724930[17][3][18]
GNIS feature ID 0885224[19][3]
Website www.franklinborough.org

Franklin is a borough in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,045[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 115 (-2.2%) from the 5,160 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 183 (+3.7%) from the 4,977 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Franklin, known as the "Fluorescent Mineral Capital of the World,"[21] is located over a rich ore body containing more than 150 minerals, many of them fluorescent and 25 of which are found nowhere else on earth. Settled in the 17th century, the village known as Franklin Furnace after Benjamin Franklin,[22] developed near iron mines and iron smelting operations located along the Wallkill River. In the early 19th century, zinc deposits in the area began to be developed commercially. For most of the century many small companies mined zinc and iron in the Franklin area. In 1897 all zinc mining efforts merged into the New Jersey Zinc Company The Zinc company was a major controlling factor in the development of Franklin. Immigrants from Russia, Britain, Hungary and Poland joined the work force at the mine. The population, 500 in 1897, had swelled to 3,000 by 1913. On March 18, 1913, the Borough of Franklin was incorporated from portions of Hardyston Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 23, 1913.[23]

Geography[edit]

Franklin borough is located at 41°06′32″N 74°35′19″W / 41.108997°N 74.588641°W / 41.108997; -74.588641 (41.108997,-74.588641). According to the United States Census Bureau, Franklin borough had a total area of 4.570 square miles (11.835 km2), of which, 4.498 square miles (11.650 km2) of it was land and 0.072 square miles (0.185 km2) of it (1.57%) was water.[3][2]

See Franklin Furnace regarding the complex mineralogy of the area.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 4,075
1930 4,176 2.5%
1940 4,009 −4.0%
1950 3,864 −3.6%
1960 3,624 −6.2%
1970 4,236 16.9%
1980 4,486 5.9%
1990 4,977 10.9%
2000 5,160 3.7%
2010 5,045 −2.2%
Est. 2013 4,937 [12] −2.1%
Population sources:
1920[24] 1920-1930[25]
1930-1990[26] 2000[27][28] 2010[9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,045 people, 1,936 households, and 1,316 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,121.6 per square mile (433.1 /km2). There were 2,136 housing units at an average density of 474.9 per square mile (183.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.15% (4,649) White, 2.18% (110) Black or African American, 0.30% (15) Native American, 1.74% (88) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.23% (62) from other races, and 2.40% (121) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.83% (395) of the population.[9]

There were 1,936 households, of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.15.[9]

In the borough, 22.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,813 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,585) and the median family income was $81,875 (+/- $11,964). Males had a median income of $49,413 (+/- $8,152) versus $45,385 (+/- $9,926) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,708 (+/- $2,344). About 5.1% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[29]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 5,160 people, 1,898 households, and 1,324 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,150.2 people per square mile (443.7/km2). There were 1,997 housing units at an average density of 445.1 per square mile (171.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.10% White, 0.62% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 1.22% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.42% of the population.[27][28]

There were 1,898 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.22.[27][28]

In the borough the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.[27][28]

The median income for a household in the borough was $44,985, and the median income for a family was $52,682. Males had a median income of $41,080 versus $26,201 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,386. About 5.6% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.[27][28]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Franklin is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[7]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Franklin Borough is Paul B. Crowley (R, term ends December 31, 2015). Members of the Borough Council are Council President Gilbert J. Snyder (R, 2015), Frederick J. Babcock (R, 2015), Susan Gardell (I, 2013), Nicholas Giordano (R, 2013), Joe Limon (R, 2014) and Mark Zschack (R, 2014).[30][31][32][33][34]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Franklin is located in the 5th Congressional District[35] and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district.[10][36][37]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[38] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[39][40] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[41][42]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Alison Littell McHose (R, Franklin) and Parker Space (R, Wantage Township).[43][44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Sussex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose five members are elected at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director from among its members, with day-to-day supervision of the operation of the county delegated to a County Administrator.[47] As of 2013, Sussex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Richard Vohden (R, Green Township, 2013),[48] Deputy Director Phillip R. Crabb (R, Franklin, 2014),[49] George Graham (R, Stanhope, 2013),[50] Dennis J. Mudrick (R, Sparta Township, 2015)[51] and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township, 2015).[52][47] Graham was chosen in April 2013 to fill the seat vacated by Parker Space, who had been chosen to fill a vacancy in the New Jersey General Assembly.[53] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Jeff Parrott,[54] Sheriff Michael F. Strada[55] and Surrogate Gary R. Chiusano (R, filling the vacancy after the resignation of Nancy Fitzgibbons).[56][53] The County Administrator is John Eskilson[57]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,071 registered voters in Franklin, of which 469 (15.3% vs. 16.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,302 (42.4% vs. 39.3%) were registered as Republicans and 1,296 (42.2% vs. 44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[58] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 60.9% (vs. 65.8% in Sussex County) were registered to vote, including 78.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 86.5% countywide).[58][59]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,121 votes here (57.2% vs. 59.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 772 votes (39.4% vs. 38.2%) and other candidates with 58 votes (3.0% vs. 2.1%), among the 1,959 ballots cast by the borough's 3,095 registered voters, for a turnout of 63.3% (vs. 68.3% in Sussex County).[60] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,213 votes here (57.2% vs. 59.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 857 votes (40.4% vs. 38.7%) and other candidates with 37 votes (1.7% vs. 1.5%), among the 2,122 ballots cast by the borough's 2,930 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.4% (vs. 76.9% in Sussex County).[61] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,269 votes here (63.4% vs. 63.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 695 votes (34.7% vs. 34.4%) and other candidates with 28 votes (1.4% vs. 1.3%), among the 2,001 ballots cast by the borough's 2,740 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.0% (vs. 77.7% in the whole county).[62]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 870 votes here (63.0% vs. 63.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 361 votes (26.1% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 116 votes (8.4% vs. 9.1%) and other candidates with 26 votes (1.9% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,382 ballots cast by the borough's 2,936 registered voters, yielding a 47.1% turnout (vs. 52.3% in the county).[63]

Education[edit]

Students in public school for kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Franklin Borough School District. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 500 students and 46.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.85:1.[64]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Wallkill Valley Regional High School which serves students from Franklin Borough, Hamburg Borough, Hardyston Township and Ogdensburg Borough, and is part of the Wallkill Valley Regional High School District.[65]

Media[edit]

  • WSUS-FM is a Class A radio station serving the Sussex County area on 102.3 FM, owned by Clear Channel Communications and licensed to Franklin.[66] The station plays an adult contemporary music format. They are known as the "Best Variety Of Soft Rock 102.3 WSUS". In the evening, a syndicated broadcast airs with Delilah Rene.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Home page, Borough of Franklin. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  4. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  5. ^ Administrator's Office, Borough of Franklin. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  6. ^ Directory, Borough of Franklin. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 110.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Franklin, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Franklin borough, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 11. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Franklin borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Franklin, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Franklin, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 13, 2013.
  17. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  19. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  21. ^ Fluorescent Minerals, Fluorescent Mineral Society. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  22. ^ Franklinite Mineral Page
  23. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 230. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 13, 2013.
  25. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  26. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Franklin borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  28. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Franklin borough, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  29. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Franklin borough, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 15, 2012.
  30. ^ Council Members, Borough of Franklin. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  31. ^ Murphy, Jennifer. "Franklin Begins New Year With Reorganization", TheAlternativePress.com, January 1, 2013. Accessed February 20, 2013. "Former Fire Chief Frederick J. Babcock was sworn in as borough councilman at the reorganization meeting held on January 1, 2013, as was Gilbert J. Snyder, who returns for his fourth term.Snyder was then elected borough council president for 2013."
  32. ^ County Election Summary - General election November 2, 2010, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 8, 2010. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  33. ^ Summary Report - Group detail / General Election November 8, 2011, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 10, 2011. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  34. ^ County Summary With Detail - General Election: November 6, 2012, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 30, 2012. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  35. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  39. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  41. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  42. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  44. ^ District 24 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  45. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  46. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ a b Sussex County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed April 25, 2013.
  48. ^ Richard A. Vohden, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  49. ^ Phillip R. Crabb, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  50. ^ George Graham, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed April 25, 2013.
  51. ^ Dennis J. Mudrick, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  52. ^ Gail Phoebus, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  53. ^ a b Miller, Jennifer Jean. "George Graham Chosen as Freeholder at Sussex County Republican Convention", TheAlternativePress.com, April 13, 2013. Accessed April 25, 2013. "Graham will fill the freeholder seat that New Jersey Assemblyman Parker Space left to take his new position. Space recently took the seat, which formerly belonged to Gary Chiusano, who in turn, was appointed to the spot of Sussex County Surrogate, following the retirement of Surrogate Nancy Fitzgibbons."
  54. ^ Home Page, Sussex County Clerk's Office. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  55. ^ Sheriff's Office, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  56. ^ Surrogate's Court, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed April 25, 2013.
  57. ^ County Administrator, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  58. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Sussex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  59. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  60. ^ General Election November 6, 2012: District Report - Group Detail, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 30, 2012. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  61. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  62. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  63. ^ 2009 Governor: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  64. ^ District information for Franklin School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed June 11, 2014.
  65. ^ Regular Meeting minutes, Wallkill Valley Regional High School Board of Education, October 26, 2010. Accessed April 3, 2011. "Clerks of the four municipalities of Franklin, Hamburg, Hardyston and Ogdensburg and also was posted on the bulletin board maintained by the Board of Education at the high school."
  66. ^ Data for Station Wsus, Federal Communications Commission. Accessed October 12, 2009.

Further reading[edit]

  • Jones, Jr., Robert W. Nature's Hidden Rainbows : The Fluorescent Minerals of Franklin, New Jersey (San Gabriel, CA: Ultra-Violet Products, Inc., 1964).
  • McCabe, Wayne T. and Kate Gordon. A Penny A View...An Album of Postcard Views...Franklin, N.J. (Newton, NJ: Historic Preservation Alternatives, 2000).
  • Truran, William R. Franklin, Hamburg, Ogdensburg, and Hardyston (Images of America). (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2004).

External links[edit]