Franklin (New Zealand electorate)

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Franklin was a rural New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1861 to 1996 during four periods.

Population centres[edit]

The original electorate from 1861 to 1881 included the South Auckland towns of Papatoetoe, Papakura, Pukekohe and Waiuku, and west of Waiuku to the West Coast. When reconstituted in 1890 the northern boundary was north of Papakura, and (with the growth of Auckland) now excluded Papatoetoe.

In December 1887, the House of Representatives voted to reduce its membership from general electorates from 91 to 70. The 1890 electoral redistribution used the same 1886 census data used for the 1887 electoral redistribution. In addition, three-member electorates were introduced in the four main centres. This resulted in a major restructuring of electorates, and Franklin was one of eight electorates to be re-created for the 1890 election.[1]

History[edit]

The electorate existed from 1861 to 1881 as a two-member electorate, when it was split into the Franklin North and Franklin South electorates.One of the first MP's, Marmaduke Nixon was killed in action in 1864 whilst leading an assault on a Māori village during the Invasion of Waikato, forcing the 1864 by-election.[2] In 1890 it was reconstituted, to 1978 and then from 1984–87, and 1993–96. From 1978 to 1984 it was renamed the Rangiriri electorate, and from 1987 to 1993 it was renamed the Maramarua electorate but in 1993 it reverted to "Franklin". In 1996 with MMP, the area became part of the Port Waikato electorate.

The single-member electorate was first represented by Ebenezer Hamlin from 1890 to 1893 when he retired.[3] Benjamin Harris defeated the future Prime Minister William Massey in 1893, but the 1896 contest had the opposite outcome.[4] From 1896 to 1925 Franklin was represented by the Reform Party's Massey, known as Farmer Bill, the Prime Minister from 1912 to 1925. Ewen McLennan then held the electorate for one term before he retired, and was replaced by Massey's son Jack Massey.[5]

In 1935 Franklin was won by Arthur Sexton of the Country Party, but he lost the seat in 1938 to Jack Massey, now standing for the National Party. He held the seat until 1957, when he was deselected by the National Party in favour of Alfred E. Allen. Alf Allen held the seat until 1972, when he retired[6] and was replaced by future National minister Bill Birch, who held the seat over the remaining three periods that the seat existed.[7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

multi-member electorate[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform    Country Party    National  

Election Winners
1861 election Robert Graham Marmaduke Nixon
1864 by-election Theodore Haultain
1866 election
1868 by-election William Turnbull Swan
1871 election William Thorne Buckland Archibald Clark
1874 by-election Joseph May
1876 election Hugh Lusk Ebenezer Hamlin
1878 by-election Richard Hobbs
1879 election Benjamin Harris
(Electorate abolished 1881–1890, see Franklin North and Franklin South)

single-member electorate[edit]

Election Winner
1890 election Ebenezer Hamlin
1893 election Benjamin Harris
1896 election William Massey
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 by-election Ewen McLennan
1925 election
1928 election Jack Massey
1931 election
1935 election Arthur Sexton
1938 election Jack Massey
1943 election
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Alfred E. Allen
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election Bill Birch
1975 election
(Electorate abolished 1978–1984, see Rangiriri)
1984 election Bill Birch
(Electorate abolished 1987–1993, see Maramarua)
1993 election Bill Birch
(Electorate abolished 1996)

Election results[edit]

1938 election[edit]

General election, 1938: Franklin[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Jack Massey 5,542 52.33
Labour Ernest Piggott 3,485 32.91
Country Party Arthur Sexton 1,564 14.77
Majority 2,057 19.42
Informal votes 37 0.35
Turnout 10,628 94.70
Registered electors 11,223

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Franklin[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform Jack Massey 4,968 64.16
Country Party Harry Oswald Mellsop 2,511 32.43
Independent John Humphries Edwards[nb 1] 264 3.41
Majority 2,457 31.73
Informal votes 55 0.71
Turnout 7,798 82.56
Registered electors 9,445

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Edwards was chosen by the local committee of the Labour Party, but was not endorsed by the national executive[12]

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Franklin[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Opposition William Massey 2,458 65.79
Liberal W Findlay Wilson 1,278 34.21
Majority 1,180 31.58
Turnout 3,736 77.90
Registered electors 4,796

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 54ff.
  2. ^ Barber, Laurie. "Nixon, Marmaduke George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 22 June 2007. 
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 202.
  4. ^ Gustafson, Barry. "Massey, William Ferguson". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 217, 219.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 172.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 184.
  8. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. p. 2. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald LXXV (23181). 29 October 1938. p. 25. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  10. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (21053). 11 December 1931. p. 22. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Election Notes". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (21042). 28 November 1931. p. 17. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.