Franklin Center (Chicago)

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Franklin Center
20120929 Franklin Center.JPG
General information
Type Office
Location 227 West Monroe Street
Chicago, Illinois
Coordinates 41°52′50″N 87°38′03″W / 41.880681°N 87.634184°W / 41.880681; -87.634184Coordinates: 41°52′50″N 87°38′03″W / 41.880681°N 87.634184°W / 41.880681; -87.634184
Construction started 1986
Completed 1989
Height
Architectural 1,007 feet (307 m)[1]
Roof 886 feet (270 m)[2]
Top floor 827 feet (252 m)[1]
Technical details
Floor count 60 aboveground[1]
2 belowground
Floor area 158,000 m²
1.7 million sq. ft.[1]
Design and construction
Architect Adrian D. Smith, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Developer AT&T Co./Stein & Company
Structural engineer William F. Baker, Skidmore, & and Merrill
Main contractor Stein & Company (Now Mesirow Stein)
References
[1]

The Franklin Center is a 60-story skyscraper completed in 1989 as the AT&T Corporate Center to consolidate the central region headquarters of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T).[3] It stands at a height of 1,007 ft (307 m) and contains 1,700,000 sq ft (160,000 m2) in the Loop neighborhood of downtown Chicago.[4] It is located two blocks east of the Chicago River and northeast of the Willis Tower with a main address of 227 West Monroe Street and an alternate address of 100 South Franklin Street.[5] in the Loop community area of downtown Chicago.[6]

The supertall building is the tallest constructed in Chicago in the last quarter of the 20th Century.[7][8] It is the 5th tallest building in Chicago and the 11th tallest in the United States.[1] It contains office and retail space and a 350-space garage.[9]

Tishman Speyer acquired the property in 2004 and renamed the adjacent USG Building as Franklin Center in 2007 after USG relocated its offices. The name was later applied to the entire complex.[10][11]

History[edit]

In 1982, the American Telephone & Telegraph Company monopoly was dissolved by the court ordered divestiture of local phone companies. In the decade that followed, AT&T erected new buildings across the country including the AT&T Building in New York City.[12] On April 5, 1985, AT&T issued a request for proposals that produced eleven respondents.[12] Stein and Co., the winning realtor, sought Skidmore, Owings and Merrill as designers for the purpose of distinguishing a proposal from the nearby Willis Tower. On April 3, 1989, AT&T employees began to occupy the office space.[12]

The building was built under a self-imposed comprehensive minority contracting and affirmative action package that met the city's 1985 30% hiring rule for public sector projects.[13] Chicago mayor Harold Washington's administration had passed an edict that 30% of the work for public sector projects be set aside for minority and women-owned businesses.[13] In a show of support for this rule Stein & Co. and AT&T adopted the rule for their private development.[13]

Architecture[edit]

Franklin Center

Designed by Adrian D. Smith of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill,[7] the Franklin Center, is one of the most famous and recognized buildings in Chicago. The building's form features setbacks at the 15th, 30th and 45th floors. Designed in the postmodern architectural style, it is a granite-clad steel-framed building resting on pile foundations.[8] The structure is characterized by strong vertical lines, spiked roof pinnacles, granite cladding and setbacks.[14] The granite is a deep red color at the base, but changes shade to rose-beige at the top.[14] Above the 5th floor, the lighter rose-beige granite is protected by silk-screened aluminum panels.[5] The building relies on Gothic detailing to showcase verticality.[15] The building's verticality evokes images of 1920s buildings, and the sturdiness of the structure is reminiscent of the Chicago Board of Trade Building.[12] In addition to its design, the building relies on its location at the farthest corner from the Willis Tower to set it apart.[12]

Interior[edit]

The Otis elevators are spanned by a series of neo-deco light bands extending wall to wall.[7] The lobby extends completely through the block, with a giant entrance hall at Monroe Street and a 16-story full-height atrium in the link between the AT&T and USG towers (also designed by Smith)[7] as both towers share a common appearance.[7] The building boasts two public lobbies and a mezzanine-level lobby.[3] The lobbies are among the most lavish in Chicago, and they are all decorated with patterned marble floors and walls, bronze, gold-leaf oak trim, and stylized lighting fixtures.[3][7]

Features[edit]

The building features a lobby-level 650-seat restaurant, a 23,000-square-foot (2,100 m2) retail concourse on two levels, and a 170-car 24-hour parking facility on the lower two levels.[3][6] The building lobby extends all the way through the block to connect with the nearby USG Building. An atrium links between them. [1]

Exterior lighting[edit]

As with other downtown buildings, the tower's setbacks and spires are accented by colored lights at night.[7] The building's managers were praised for dimming their lights during bird migrations, reducing bird mortality 80%.[16]

USG Building[edit]

Franklin Street facade

The USG Corporation developed the 35-story 1,100,000-square-foot (100,000 m2) structure originally known as the USG Building as its corporate headquarters building immediately adjacent to and connected to the AT&T Corporate Center in 1992.[3][6][17] Located at 125 South Franklin Street,[5][14] the same developers, architects and design teams were chosen, and the two buildings were built jointly as a block-long complex on an 85,000-square-foot (7,900 m2) site.[6] They share a 16-story atrium which houses a grand arcade and serves as a common base to the two separate towers.[3] When USG Corporation moved to a new facility in 2007, the building was renamed Franklin Center.[11]

Proximity to transit[edit]

Positioned near the southwest corner of the Loop, the building is near two elevated stations of the Chicago 'L'. The Quincy station is one block to the south and the Washington and Wells station is located two blocks to the north, both on Wells Street. Union Station stands three blocks to the west on Jackson Boulevard, providing terminal service for Amtrak and select service for Metra. Additional Metra service is provided at the LaSalle Street Station, four blocks to the south and Ogilvie Transportation Center station four blocks to the north-west.

Tenants[edit]

The top of the Franklin Center

Awards[edit]

  • 1990 - Award of Excellence for Urban Development, from the Chicago Chapter of the National Association of Industrial and Office Properties[2]
  • 1992 - Best New Building, from the Chicago civic group Friends of Downtown[2]
  • 1997 - Most Valuable Property National Top Ten, from The Wall Street Journal[2]
  • 1998 - Prix d'Excellence, Office Properties Worldwide, from FIABCI International[2]

Position in Chicago's skyline[edit]

The Center is the 5th tallest completed building in Chicago, trailing the Willis Tower, Aon Center, John Hancock Center, and Trump International Hotel and Tower (Chicago) in height, but will be surpassed in height by the Waterview Tower if completed as planned.[4] The building's official height measurement increased to from 886 feet (270 m) to 1,007 feet (307 m) when the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat changed measurement conventions to include ornamental spires during the Willis Tower - Petronas Tower height controversy.[7]

311 South Wacker Willis Tower Chicago Board of Trade Building 111 South Wacker AT&T Corporate Center Kluczynski Federal Building CNA Center Chase Tower Three First National Plaza Mid-Continental Plaza Richard J. Daley Center Chicago Title and Trust Center 77 West Wacker Pittsfield Building Leo Burnett Building The Heritage at Millennium Park Crain Communications Building IBM Plaza One Prudential Plaza Two Prudential Plaza Aon Center Blue Cross and Blue Shield Tower 340 on the Park Park Tower Olympia Centre 900 North Michigan John Hancock Center Water Tower Place Harbor Point The Parkshore North Pier Apartments Lake Point Tower Jay Pritzker Pavilion Buckingham Fountain Lake Michigan Lake Michigan Lake MichiganThe skyline of a city with many large skyscrapers; in the foreground are a green park and a lake with many sailboats moored on it. Over 30 of the skyscrapers and some park features are labeled.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Franklin Center - North Tower - The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "AT&T Corporate Center". NewcitySkyline, Inc. 2006. Retrieved April 4, 2007. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "AT&T Corporate Center/USG Building" (PDF). Mesirow Financial. Archived from the original on December 9, 2006. Retrieved April 5, 2007. 
  4. ^ a b "Chicago diagram". SkyscraperPage.com. 2007. Retrieved April 4, 2007. 
  5. ^ a b c Steiner, Frances H. (1998). The Architecture of Chicago's Loop: A Guide to the Central and Nearby Districts. Sigma Press. ISBN 0-9667259-0-5. 
  6. ^ a b c d D-Mac (2002-10-09). "AT&T Corporate Center, Chicago". Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. Retrieved April 5, 2007. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "AT&T Corporate Center". Emporis. 2007. Retrieved April 4, 2007. 
  8. ^ a b "AT&T Corporate Center". SkyscraperPage.com. 2007. Retrieved April 4, 2007. 
  9. ^ "Franklin Center-Building Specs". TishmanSpeyer.com. 2005. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  10. ^ "AT&T Corporate Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved December 18, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b Thomas Corfman (June 20, 2007). "Baird to almost double space at AT&T Corporate Center". Crain's Chicago Business (Chicagobusienss.com). 
  12. ^ a b c d e Saliga, Pauline A. (ed.), "The Sky's The Limit," pg. 278, 1990 (1992 reprint), Rizzoli International Publications, Inc.
  13. ^ a b c Bayard, Aleen Z. (1987-03-23). "Private Projects Echoing City's Hiring Quotas". Crain's Chicago Business. ProQuest Information and Learning Company. Retrieved 2007-04-23. 
  14. ^ a b c AIA Guide to Chicago, 2nd edition, Alice Sinkevitch, ed., 2004, Harcourt Books Inc., pg. 86.
  15. ^ Saliga, Pauline A. (ed.), "The Sky's The Limit," pg. 287, 1990 (1992 reprint), Rizzoli International Publications, Inc.
  16. ^ "Bird groups praise Chicago skyscrapers for "Lights Out"". audubon.org. Retrieved September 1, 2007. 
  17. ^ "Landmark Chicago". The Chicago Athenaeum. 2001. Retrieved April 7, 2007. 
  18. ^ Citi Achieves LEED Gold Certification for Chicago Office Space
  19. ^ Franklin Center sees vacancies rise
  20. ^ FTI Consulting Takes 91,265 SF at Franklin Center
  21. ^ Tishman Speyer Inks GATX to 109,000-SF Lease in Chicago
  22. ^ Offices / Chicago
  23. ^ Baird to almost double space at AT&T Corporate Center
  24. ^ In brief: Franklin Center | 22 W. Washington | Virgin Hotels
  25. ^ Tishman Speyer Announces Large Lease Transaction at Chicago’s Franklin Center

External links[edit]