Franklin Clarke

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For other people named Frank Clarke, see Frank Clarke (disambiguation).
Frank Clarke
No. 82
Wide receiver / Tight end
Personal information
Date of birth: (1934-02-07) February 7, 1934 (age 80)
Place of birth: Beloit, Wisconsin
Height: 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) Weight: 215 lb (98 kg)
Career information
High school: Beloit Memorial
College: Colorado
NFL Draft: 1956 / Round: 5 / Pick: 61
Debuted in 1957 for the Cleveland Browns
Last played in 1967 for the Dallas Cowboys
Career history
*Inactive and/or offseason member only
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Games 140
Stats at NFL.com
Stats at pro-football-reference.com
Stats at DatabaseFootball.com

Franklin Clarke (born February 7, 1934 in Beloit, Wisconsin) is a former American football wide receiver in the National Football League for the Cleveland Browns and the Dallas Cowboys. He played college football for Colorado.

Early years[edit]

Clarke was named after Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd president of the United States. He attended Beloit Memorial High School where he was an all-state football player. After attending Trinidad State Junior College (Colo.) for two years, where he had a successful career, he became the first African-American varsity football player at the University of Colorado at Boulder (also the first to letter), joining the Buffaloes in September 1954 (he had to sit out the season after transferring).

He was joined by John Wooten the following year and because this was before the civil rights movement, the pair often had to endure open racism outside of Boulder.

Clarke amassed 532 yards receiving, ending his career fifth at the time in receiving yards at Colorado. He was so well liked among his peers on campus, that he was chosen as King of the annual CU Days festival (CU's equivalent of Homecoming King).

He was an honorable mention All-Big 7 conference performer as a junior, when he was second in the league in receiving. As a senior he was selected to play in the Copper Bowl All-Star Game.

In 2008, he was inducted into the Colorado Athletic Hall of Fame.

Professional career[edit]

Cleveland Browns[edit]

Clarke was drafted in the fifth round of the 1956 NFL Draft by the Cleveland Browns. He played with the team for three seasons (1957-1959), even though he stood on the sidelines during the first two. He had a total of 10 catches during those three years, so he was left unprotected in the 1960 NFL Expansion Draft.[1]

Dallas Cowboys[edit]

Clarke was selected by the Dallas Cowboys in the 1960 NFL Expansion Draft. His coaches at Colorado and Cleveland criticized his blocking, but the Cowboys were still intrigued by the 6-1, 215-pound player. Instead of picking at his deficiencies, Tom Landry chose to accentuate his strengths. The coach appreciated his speed, soft hands and his ability to run precise routes, so he was converted into a split end.

He did not make an immediate impression in Dallas either, catching only 9 passes in a backup role, during the 1960 season. However, he moved into the starting role in 1961, finishing with 919 yards, 41 receptions and 9 touchdowns. Additionally he started a streak (1961-1962) of seven consecutive games with at least a touchdown pass, which still stands as a Cowboys record shared with Bob Hayes (1965-1966), Terrell Owens (2007) and Dez Bryant (2012).

He turned out to be the Cowboys' first bona fide long-ball threat—before "Bullet" Bob Hayes joined him. Hayes even credits Clarke for teaching him the proper way to catch "the bomb"—the long pass. He is also credited as the first African American star athlete, on a Cowboys that played in a then racially divided Dallas.

His opening day performance against the Washington Redskins in 1962 was one for the ages. His ten receptions for 241 yards, remains the best opening day performance in terms of most yards receiving, of any wide receiver in the history of the NFL.[2] That year would be his best, becoming the first player in team history to gain more than 1000 yards in a season (ground or air) and recording 47 passes for career high numbers in yards (1043) and touchdowns (14). In addition to leading the NFL with 14 touchdown and 22.2 yards per reception.

On September 23, 1962, Clarke was part of an infamous play where, for the first time in an NFL game, points were awarded for a penalty. The Cowboys were holding in the end zone on a 99-yard touchdown pass from Eddie LeBaron to Clarke, and the Pittsburgh Steelers were awarded a safety, helping them win the game 30-28.[3]

He moved to tight end towards the end of his career, but he remained productive and became a clutch third down receiver. In 1964, he caught 65 passes for 973 yards and received All-Pro honors.[4]

Clarke led the Cowboys in yards and touchdowns from 1961 to 1964, and catches in 1963 and 1964 (third in the NFL with 65 receptions). He also held the franchise record for most touchdowns in a season by a receiver with 14 from his 1962 season, which stood for 45 years until 2007, when it was broken by Terrell Owens.

He retired after the 1967 NFL Championship Game against the Green Bay Packers, in what is now known as the “Ice Bowl”, won by the Packers, 21-17. Clarke caught 281 catches for 5,214 yards and 51 touchdowns in 140 NFL games, which ranks sixth in receiving yards in Dallas Cowboys history. He also had the team record for the most career receiving multi-touchdown games with 9, until it was broken by Dez Bryant in 2014.[5]

Personal life[edit]

He became the first African American TV Sports anchor in a Dallas television station and at CBS. On weekends, Clarke anchored sports reports for WFAA-TV (Channel 8) when not working NFL games for CBS. During the week, he threw himself into work at a bank and at the youth council.

References[edit]

External links[edit]