Franklin County, Alabama

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Franklin County, Alabama
Franklin County Courthouse in Russelville, Alabama.jpg
Franklin County Courthouse in Russelville, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Franklin County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 6, 1818
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Seat Russellville
Largest city Russellville
Area
 • Total 646.51 sq mi (1,674 km2)
 • Land 635.64 sq mi (1,646 km2)
 • Water 10.86 sq mi (28 km2), 1.68%
Population
 • (2010) 31,704
 • Density 50/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.franklincountyal.org

Franklin County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of Benjamin Franklin, famous statesman, scientist, and printer.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,704.[2] Its county seat is Russellville; it is a dry county, although the city of Russellville is wet.

History[edit]

Franklin County was established on February 6, 1818.

Colbert County[edit]

Colbert County was originally established on February 6, 1867 after it split from Franklin County over political issues after the American Civil War. It was abolished eight months later by an Alabama constitutional convention and then reestablished on February 24, 1870.[3]

Musical History[edit]

Many musicians and songwriters are from Franklin County including Billy Sherrill, Tammy Wynette, Ricky Pierce, Eddie Martin, Kerry Gilbert, and many others.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 646.51 square miles (1,674.5 km2), of which 635.64 square miles (1,646.3 km2) (or 98.32%) is land and 10.86 square miles (28.1 km2) (or 1.68%) is water.[4]

Major Highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,988
1830 11,078 122.1%
1840 14,270 28.8%
1850 19,610 37.4%
1860 18,627 −5.0%
1870 8,006 −57.0%
1880 9,155 14.4%
1890 10,681 16.7%
1900 16,511 54.6%
1910 19,369 17.3%
1920 22,011 13.6%
1930 25,372 15.3%
1940 27,552 8.6%
1950 25,705 −6.7%
1960 21,988 −14.5%
1970 23,933 8.8%
1980 28,350 18.5%
1990 27,814 −1.9%
2000 31,223 12.3%
2010 31,704 1.5%
Est. 2012 31,761 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

1990[edit]

As of the census[7] of 1990 the racial makeup of the county was 87.43% White (non-Hispanic), 7.06% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 4.62% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 7.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 31,223 people, 12,259 households, and 8,949 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 13,749 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.68% White (non-Hispanic), 4.21% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 4.62% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 5.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,259 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,177, and the median income for a family was $34,274. Males had a median income of $27,497 versus $18,631 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,814. About 15.20% of families and 18.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.60% of those under age 18 and 24.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Schools[edit]

There are two school systems in Franklin County; Russellville City Schools and Franklin County Schools.

Russellville City Schools[8] include:

  • Russellville High School
  • Russellville Middle School
  • Russellville Elementary School (grades 3 - 5)
  • West Elementary School (grades Kindergarten - 2)

Franklin County Schools[9] include:

  • Belgreen High School (grades K - 12)
  • East Franklin Junior High School (grades K - 9)
  • Phil Campbell High School (two separate buildings serving grades K - 12)
  • Red Bay High School (grades K - 12)
  • Tharptown Junior High School (grades K-12)
  • Vina High School (grades K - 12)

There is also the Franklin County Career-Technical Center, located next to Belgreen High School.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131. 
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Colbert County Website". Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Russellville City Schools Website". 
  9. ^ "Franklin County Schools Website". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°26′N 87°51′W / 34.433°N 87.850°W / 34.433; -87.850