Franklin County, Arkansas

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Franklin County, Arkansas
Franklin County Courthouse, Charleston, AR.jpg
Franklin County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Franklin County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded December 19, 1837
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Seat Ozark (northern district);
Charleston (southern district)
Largest city

Ozark

area_total_sq_mi = 619.69
Area
 • Land 609.55 sq mi (1,579 km2)
 • Water 10.13 sq mi (26 km2), 1.63%
Population
 • (2010) 18,125
 • Density 30/sq mi (11.47/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2010, the population was 18,125. The county has two county seats, Charleston and Ozark.[1] Franklin County was formed on December 19, 1837, and named for Benjamin Franklin,[2] American statesman. To the north of the Arkansas River, which bisects Franklin County, the county is wet and alcohol is sold in liquor stores, bars and local vineyards. To the south of the Arkansas River, the county is dry.

History[edit]

Franklin County was carved out of Crawford County in December 1837. At that time, Franklin was significantly larger than it is at present, encompassing part of present-day Logan County which was formed in 1871.

Initially, the county had a single courthouse at Ozark. Later, after complaints about how difficult it was to cross the river at times, a second courthouse was established at Charleston, sometime in the 1890s.

The reality television show, The Simple Life, starring Nicole Richie and Paris Hilton was filmed in Altus in 2003.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 619.69 square miles (1,605.0 km2), of which 609.55 square miles (1,578.7 km2) (or 98.36%) is land and 10.13 square miles (26.2 km2) (or 1.63%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,665
1850 3,972 49.0%
1860 7,298 83.7%
1870 9,627 31.9%
1880 14,951 55.3%
1890 19,934 33.3%
1900 17,395 −12.7%
1910 20,638 18.6%
1920 19,364 −6.2%
1930 15,762 −18.6%
1940 15,683 −0.5%
1950 12,358 −21.2%
1960 10,213 −17.4%
1970 11,301 10.7%
1980 14,705 30.1%
1990 14,897 1.3%
2000 17,771 19.3%
2010 18,125 2.0%
Est. 2012 18,045 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]
Age pyramid Franklin County[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 17,771 people, 6,882 households, and 4,961 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,673 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.17% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,882 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,848, and the median income for a family was $36,189. Males had a median income of $27,907 versus $18,822 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,616. About 10.60% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Franklin County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. [8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Franklin County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05047_franklin/BAS11C20504700000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110825.
  9. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/maps/DC10_GUBlkMap/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#F

Further reading[edit]

  • Shropshire, Lola. Franklin County, Arkansas: Images of America, Arcadia Publishing, 128 pages, Aug 2000 ISBN 0-7385-0882-9

Coordinates: 35°31′15″N 93°52′33″W / 35.52083°N 93.87583°W / 35.52083; -93.87583