Franklin County, Illinois
|Franklin County, Illinois|
Franklin County Courthouse in Benton
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 2, 1818|
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin|
|Largest city||West Frankfort|
|• Total||431 sq mi (1,116 km2)|
|• Land||409 sq mi (1,059 km2)|
|• Water||23 sq mi (60 km2), 5.2%|
|• Density||97/sq mi (37/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,561. Its county seat is Benton. It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".
The first settlers arrived in Franklin County in 1804. This group included six brothers named Jordan. They settled in the southeastern corner of the county, near today's Thompsonville. For shelter, they first built a pole shed, covered with brush, chinked with mud, thatched with a grass roof, and open to the south. A fire was kept burning outside the south face. This was replaced by a log cabin before winter arrived. This became known as the Jordan settlement.
In the winter of 1809, during Tecumseh's War, the threat of attacks by hostile Indians was very real. Governor Edwards urged the settlers to build forts for defense. Frank Jordan built two stockades. The one at the Jordan settlement was known as "Jordan's Fort", while the second was several miles to the west and was called "Frank's Fort". Frank's Fort eventually grew into the town of West Frankfort.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 431 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 409 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (5.2%) is water. Justin Kay State Recreation Area is located in this county.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Benton have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.87 inches (73 mm) in February to 4.59 inches (117 mm) in May.
- Jefferson County (north)
- Hamilton County (east)
- Saline County (southeast)
- Williamson County (south)
- Jackson County (southwest)
- Perry County (west)
As of the U.S. Census of 2000, there were 39,018 people, 16,408 households, and 10,976 families residing in the county. The population density was 95 people per square mile (37/km²). There were 18,105 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.63% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.6% were of American, 16.2% German, 14.9% English, 11.4% Irish and 6.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.2% spoke English and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.
There were 16,408 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.10% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,411, and the median income for a family was $36,294. Males had a median income of $31,429 versus $19,664 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,407. About 12.60% of families and 16.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.10% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.
Franklin County is divided into twelve townships:
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- United States National Atlas
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Benton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
|Perry County||Hamilton County|
|Jackson County||Williamson County||Saline County|