Franklin County, Illinois

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Franklin County, Illinois
Franklin County Courthouse in Benton.jpg
Franklin County Courthouse in Benton
Map of Illinois highlighting Franklin County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 2, 1818
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Seat Benton
Largest city West Frankfort
Area
 • Total 431 sq mi (1,116 km2)
 • Land 409 sq mi (1,059 km2)
 • Water 23 sq mi (60 km2), 5.2%
Population
 • (2010) 39,561
 • Density 97/sq mi (37/km²)
Congressional district 12th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,561.[1] Its county seat is Benton.[2] It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

Franklin County was established on January 2, 1818 and formed from parts of Gallatin and White Counties. It was named for Benjamin Franklin.[3]

The first settlers arrived in Franklin County in 1804. This group included six brothers named Jordan. They settled in the southeastern corner of the county, near today's Thompsonville. For shelter, they first built a pole shed, covered with brush, chinked with mud, thatched with a grass roof, and open to the south. A fire was kept burning outside the south face. This was replaced by a log cabin before winter arrived. This became known as the Jordan settlement.[citation needed]

In the winter of 1809, during Tecumseh's War, the threat of attacks by hostile Indians was very real. Governor Edwards urged the settlers to build forts for defense. Frank Jordan built two stockades. The one at the Jordan settlement was known as "Jordan's Fort", while the second was several miles to the west and was called "Frank's Fort". Frank's Fort eventually grew into the town of West Frankfort.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 431 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 409 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (5.2%) is water.[4] Justin Kay State Recreation Area is located in this county.

Climate and weather[edit]

Benton, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.9
 
 
39
21
 
 
2.9
 
 
45
26
 
 
4.2
 
 
56
36
 
 
4.5
 
 
67
45
 
 
4.6
 
 
76
54
 
 
4.1
 
 
85
63
 
 
3.2
 
 
90
68
 
 
3
 
 
88
65
 
 
2.9
 
 
81
58
 
 
2.9
 
 
69
45
 
 
4.5
 
 
56
37
 
 
3.6
 
 
43
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Benton have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.87 inches (73 mm) in February to 4.59 inches (117 mm) in May.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Franklin County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,763
1830 4,083 131.6%
1840 3,682 −9.8%
1850 5,681 54.3%
1860 9,393 65.3%
1870 12,652 34.7%
1880 16,129 27.5%
1890 17,138 6.3%
1900 19,675 14.8%
1910 25,943 31.9%
1920 57,293 120.8%
1930 59,442 3.8%
1940 53,137 −10.6%
1950 48,685 −8.4%
1960 39,281 −19.3%
1970 38,329 −2.4%
1980 43,201 12.7%
1990 40,319 −6.7%
2000 39,018 −3.2%
2010 39,561 1.4%
Est. 2013 39,202 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,561 people, 16,617 households, and 10,912 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 96.8 inhabitants per square mile (37.4/km2). There were 18,525 housing units at an average density of 45.3 per square mile (17.5/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 97.7% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 21.8% were German, 18.7% were Irish, 15.9% were English, 9.4% were American, and 5.7% were Italian.[11]

Of the 16,617 households, 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families, and 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 41.8 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,381 and the median income for a family was $43,170. Males had a median income of $39,122 versus $28,950 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,504. About 14.5% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.5% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Communities[edit]

Map of Franklin County, Illinois.

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Franklin County is divided into twelve townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Benton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 

Coordinates: 37°59′N 88°55′W / 37.99°N 88.92°W / 37.99; -88.92