Franklin County, Illinois
|Franklin County, Illinois|
Franklin County Courthouse in Benton
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 2, 1818|
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin|
|Largest city||West Frankfort|
|• Total||431 sq mi (1,116 km2)|
|• Land||409 sq mi (1,059 km2)|
|• Water||23 sq mi (60 km2), 5.2%|
|• Density||97/sq mi (37/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,561. Its county seat is Benton. It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".
The first settlers arrived in Franklin County in 1804. This group included six brothers named Jordan. They settled in the southeastern corner of the county, near today's Thompsonville. For shelter, they first built a pole shed, covered with brush, chinked with mud, thatched with a grass roof, and open to the south. A fire was kept burning outside the south face. This was replaced by a log cabin before winter arrived. This became known as the Jordan settlement.
In the winter of 1809, during Tecumseh's War, the threat of attacks by hostile Indians was very real. Governor Edwards urged the settlers to build forts for defense. Frank Jordan built two stockades. The one at the Jordan settlement was known as "Jordan's Fort", while the second was several miles to the west and was called "Frank's Fort". Frank's Fort eventually grew into the town of West Frankfort.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 431 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 409 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (5.2%) is water. Justin Kay State Recreation Area is located in this county.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Benton have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.87 inches (73 mm) in February to 4.59 inches (117 mm) in May.
- Jefferson County (north)
- Hamilton County (east)
- Saline County (southeast)
- Williamson County (south)
- Jackson County (southwest)
- Perry County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,561 people, 16,617 households, and 10,912 families residing in the county. The population density was 96.8 inhabitants per square mile (37.4/km2). There were 18,525 housing units at an average density of 45.3 per square mile (17.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.7% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.8% were German, 18.7% were Irish, 15.9% were English, 9.4% were American, and 5.7% were Italian.
Of the 16,617 households, 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families, and 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 41.8 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,381 and the median income for a family was $43,170. Males had a median income of $39,122 versus $28,950 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,504. About 14.5% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.5% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.
Franklin County is divided into twelve townships:
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- United States National Atlas
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- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
- "Monthly Averages for Benton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
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|Perry County||Hamilton County|
|Jackson County||Williamson County||Saline County|