Franklin County, Illinois
|Franklin County, Illinois|
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 2, 1818|
|Largest city||West Frankfort|
431.44 sq mi (1,117 km²)
408.89 sq mi (1,059 km²)
22.56 sq mi (58 km²), 5.23%
95/sq mi (37/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,561, which is an increase of 1.4% from 39,018 in 2000. Its county seat is Benton.
The first settlers arrived in Franklin County in 1804. This group included six brothers named Jordan. They settled in the southeastern corner of the county, near today's Thompsonville. For shelter, they first built a pole shed, covered with brush, chinked with mud, thatched with a grass roof, and open to the south. A fire was kept burning outside the south face. This was replaced by a log cabin before winter arrived. This became known as the Jordan settlement.
In the winter of 1809, during Tecumseh's War, the threat of attacks by hostile Indians was very real. Governor Edwards urged the settlers to build forts for defense. Frank Jordan built two stockades. The one at the Jordan settlement was known as "Jordan's Fort", while the second was several miles to the west and was called "Frank's Fort". Frank's Fort eventually grew into the town of West Frankfort.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 431.44 square miles (1,117.4 km2), of which 408.89 square miles (1,059.0 km2) (or 94.77%) is land and 22.56 square miles (58.4 km2) (or 5.23%) is water. Justin Kay State Recreation Area is located in this county.
- Jefferson County (north)
- Hamilton County (east)
- Saline County (southeast)
- Williamson County (south)
- Jackson County (southwest)
- Perry County (west)
- Interstate 57
- Illinois Route 14
- Illinois Route 34
- Illinois Route 37
- Illinois Route 148
- Illinois Route 149
- Illinois Route 154
- Illinois Route 184
Cities and towns
- Freeman Spur (north half)
- Macedonia (west half)
- North City
- West City
Franklin County is divided into twelve townships:
|UVa Census Browser 1820-1890
Illinois Counties 1900-1990
As of the U.S. Census of 2000, there were 39,018 people, 16,408 households, and 10,976 families residing in the county. The population density was 95 people per square mile (37/km²). There were 18,105 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.63% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.6% were of American, 16.2% German, 14.9% English, 11.4% Irish and 6.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.2% spoke English and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.
There were 16,408 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.10% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,411, and the median income for a family was $36,294. Males had a median income of $31,429 versus $19,664 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,407. About 12.60% of families and 16.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.10% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Benton have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.87 inches (73 mm) in February to 4.59 inches (117 mm) in May.
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- United States National Atlas
- "Franklin County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Adams, James N. (compiler) (1989), Keller, William E., ed., Illinois Place Names, Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society, p. 581, ISBN 0-912226-24-2
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Historical Census Browser, University of Virginia, Geospatial and Statistical Data Center, 2004
- Illinois Counties 1900-1990, U.S. Census Bureau
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Monthly Averages for Benton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
|Perry County||Hamilton County|
|Jackson County||Williamson County||Saline County|