Franklin County, Kansas

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Franklin County, Kansas
Franklin County Courthouse.JPG
The Franklin County Courthouse in Ottawa is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Map of Kansas highlighting Franklin County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Seat Ottawa
Largest city Ottawa
Area
 • Total 577 sq mi (1,494 km2)
 • Land 572 sq mi (1,481 km2)
 • Water 5.4 sq mi (14 km2), 0.9%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 25,740
 • Density 45/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.franklincoks.org

Coordinates: 38°35′N 95°17′W / 38.583°N 95.283°W / 38.583; -95.283

Franklin County (county code FR) is a county located in the eastern portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 25,992.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Ottawa.[2]

Franklin County comprises the Ottawa, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Franklin County was one of the 33 original Kansas Territory counties created by the first Territorial Legislature of 1855.[3] The county was named after Benjamin Franklin,[4] and is rich in Native American lore, which dates back centuries before Kansas became a territory. The area was included in a treaty ceding land to the Osage Nation in 1808, and ceded back to the federal government in 1825. After 1825 and prior to 1867, treaties with various Indian nations set off parts of what was later to become Franklin County for their use.[citation needed]

Law and government[edit]

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1994, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 577 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 572 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 5.4 square miles (14 km2) (0.9%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,030
1870 10,385 242.7%
1880 16,797 61.7%
1890 20,279 20.7%
1900 21,354 5.3%
1910 20,884 −2.2%
1920 21,946 5.1%
1930 22,024 0.4%
1940 20,889 −5.2%
1950 19,928 −4.6%
1960 19,548 −1.9%
1970 20,007 2.3%
1980 22,062 10.3%
1990 21,994 −0.3%
2000 24,784 12.7%
2010 25,992 4.9%
Est. 2013 25,740 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[11] there were 24,784 people, 9,452 households, and 6,720 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 10,229 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.05% White, 1.21% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.78% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.62% of the population.

There were 9,452 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,052, and the median income for a family was $45,197. Males had a median income of $31,223 versus $22,992 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,311. About 5.60% of families and 7.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.40% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Franklin County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Franklin County is divided into sixteen townships. The city of Ottawa is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Appanoose 02075 293 4 (10) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°41′57″N 95°27′17″W / 38.69917°N 95.45472°W / 38.69917; -95.45472 (Appanoose Township)
Centropolis 12475 997 9 (25) 105 (41) 0 (0) 0.34% 38°41′7″N 95°21′29″W / 38.68528°N 95.35806°W / 38.68528; -95.35806 (Centropolis Township)
Cutler 16900 Rantoul 856 8 (20) 111 (43) 1 (0) 0.68% 38°31′33″N 95°6′56″W / 38.52583°N 95.11556°W / 38.52583; -95.11556 (Cutler Township)
Franklin 24375 Wellsville 2,552 28 (72) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.52% 38°42′34″N 95°5′38″W / 38.70944°N 95.09389°W / 38.70944; -95.09389 (Franklin Township)
Greenwood 28750 429 5 (14) 79 (30) 0 (0) 0.08% 38°33′39″N 95°26′35″W / 38.56083°N 95.44306°W / 38.56083; -95.44306 (Greenwood Township)
Harrison 30300 445 6 (16) 71 (27) 1 (0) 0.84% 38°34′20″N 95°13′2″W / 38.57222°N 95.21722°W / 38.57222; -95.21722 (Harrison Township)
Hayes 30925 397 5 (13) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.36% 38°42′17″N 95°13′51″W / 38.70472°N 95.23083°W / 38.70472; -95.23083 (Hayes Township)
Homewood 33000 493 6 (16) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.26% 38°30′53″N 95°23′28″W / 38.51472°N 95.39111°W / 38.51472; -95.39111 (Homewood Township)
Lincoln 40700 797 10 (26) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.31% 38°34′8″N 95°18′33″W / 38.56889°N 95.30917°W / 38.56889; -95.30917 (Lincoln Township)
Ohio 52350 Princeton 783 7 (19) 108 (42) 1 (0) 1.05% 38°29′14″N 95°16′32″W / 38.48722°N 95.27556°W / 38.48722; -95.27556 (Ohio Township)
Ottawa 53575 868 8 (20) 111 (43) 0 (0) 0.33% 38°38′21″N 95°16′5″W / 38.63917°N 95.26806°W / 38.63917; -95.26806 (Ottawa Township)
Peoria 55425 626 7 (18) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.20% 38°36′32″N 95°7′45″W / 38.60889°N 95.12917°W / 38.60889; -95.12917 (Peoria Township)
Pomona 57025 Pomona 1,174 22 (56) 54 (21) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°36′40″N 95°27′24″W / 38.61111°N 95.45667°W / 38.61111; -95.45667 (Pomona Township)
Pottawatomie 57225 Lane 669 7 (17) 101 (39) 0 (0) 0.46% 38°26′14″N 95°6′32″W / 38.43722°N 95.10889°W / 38.43722; -95.10889 (Pottawatomie Township)
Richmond 59700 Richmond 812 9 (23) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.50% 38°24′19″N 95°15′22″W / 38.40528°N 95.25611°W / 38.40528; -95.25611 (Richmond Township)
Williamsburg 79325 Williamsburg 672 5 (12) 145 (56) 1 (1) 0.95% 38°27′33″N 95°27′43″W / 38.45917°N 95.46194°W / 38.45917; -95.46194 (Williamsburg Township)
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 680. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites
Additional information
Maps