Franklin County, Pennsylvania
|Franklin County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||September 9, 1784
From: Cumberland County
Eponym: Benjamin Franklin
773 sq mi (2,002 km²)
772 sq mi (1,999 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.09%
194/sq mi (74.8/km²)
Franklin County is a county located in South Central Pennsylvania; it lies to a large extent within the Cumberland Valley. It is part of the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area. Originally part of Lancaster County (1729), then Cumberland County (1750), Franklin County became an independent jurisdiction on September 9, 1784, named in honor of Founding Father Benjamin Franklin. The population of the county as of the 2010 census is 149,618. The entire county of Franklin makes up the Chambersburg, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Franklin County is in the watershed of the Chesapeake Bay and the overwhelming majority of it is drained by the Potomac River, but the Conodoguinet Creek and the Sherman Creek drain northeastern portions into the Susquehanna River.
Adjacent counties 
- Juniata County (north)
- Perry County (northeast)
- Cumberland County (northeast)
- Adams County (east)
- Frederick County, Maryland (southeast)
- Washington County, Maryland (south)
- Fulton County (west)
- Huntingdon County (northwest)
As of the census of 2000, there were 129,313 people, 50,633 households, and 36,405 families residing in the county. The population density was 168 people per square mile (65/km²). There were 53,803 housing units at an average density of 70 per square mile (27/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.33% White, 2.33% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.2% were of German, 19.4% American, 7.6% Irish and 6.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.0% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.
There were 50,633 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Franklin County:
Census-designated places 
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
Universities and Colleges 
Intermediate Unit 
Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County. The agency offers school districts, home schooled students and private schools many services including: Special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students. Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Special Education, Management Services, and Technology Services. It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13 member Board of Directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin July 1. There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.
Public School Districts 
- Chambersburg Area School District
- Fannett-Metal School District (also in Perry County)
- Greencastle-Antrim School District
- Shippensburg Area School District (also in Cumberland County)
- Tuscarora School District
- Waynesboro Area School District
Private schools 
- Alexander Hamilton Mem Free Library - Waynesboro
- Blue Ridge Summit Free Library - Blue Ridge Summit
- Coyle Free Library - Chambersburg
- Fendrick Library - Mercersburg
- Fort Loudon Branch Library - Fort Loudon
- Grove Family Library - Chambersburg
- Lilian S Besore Memorial Library - Greencastle
- St Thomas Branch Library - Saint Thomas
There are three Pennsylvania state parks in Franklin County.
- Caledonia State Park straddles the Franklin and Adams County line along U.S. Route 30 between Chambersburg and Gettysburg.
- Buchanan's Birthplace State Park is the birthplace of the 15th President of the United States, James Buchanan.
- Mont Alto State Park is the oldest state park in Pennsylvania.
See also 
- List of municipal authorities in Franklin County, Pennsylvania
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, Pennsylvania
- Bloom Brothers Department Stores
- List of counties bordering eight or more counties
References and notes 
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- David Brooks (December 2001). "One Nation, Slightly Divisible". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Lincoln Intermediate Unit 12 website accessed April 2010