Franklin Murphy (governor)

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Franklin Murphy
Franklin Murphy (NJ).jpg
31st Governor of New Jersey
In office
January 21, 1902 – January 17, 1905
Preceded by Foster MacGowan Voorhees
Succeeded by Edward C. Stokes
Personal details
Born (1846-01-03)January 3, 1846
Jersey City, New Jersey[1]
Died February 24, 1920(1920-02-24) (aged 74)
Palm Beach, Florida
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Janet Colwell
Religion Episcopalian

Franklin Murphy (January 3, 1846 – February 24, 1920) was an American Republican Party politician, who served as the 31st Governor of New Jersey, from 1902-1905. He was the founder of the Murphy Varnish Company in Newark, New Jersey.

Civil War Service[edit]

Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, he was attending Newark Academy when the American Civil War started. In July 1862, he enlisted in the Union Army, despite being only 16 years old, and was mustered in as a Private in Company A, 13th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry on July 19, 1862. He rose in rank during his field service, being promoted to corporal on August 25, 1862, to second lieutenant on February 22, 1863, and to first lieutenant on February 24, 1864. His regiment fought in the Battles of Antietam, Chancellorsvile, Gettysburg, the Atlanta Campaign, the "March to the Sea", and Bentonville. He was honorably mustered out of service on June 8, 1865.

Political life[edit]

Murphy was active in Republican politics. He chaired the New Jersey Republican State Committee from 1892 to 1904 and again from 1907 to 1910.[2][3] He ran for Governor of New Jersey in 1901, and defeated his Democratic opponent James M. Seymour by a vote of 183,814 to 166,681. His 1902–1905 gubernatorial administration was a kind of Square Deal in miniature, as he implemented many Progressive policies, such as improved child labor laws, the abolition of the fee system that existed in state and county offices, and the establishment of New Jersey's first state primary laws. He was prohibited by the then-current provision of the New Jersey State Constitution from succeeding himself, so he yielded the Governorship at the end of his term to Edward C. Stokes.

From 1883 to 1886 he was a member of the Common Council of Newark and was at one time president of the Council. He was elected to the New Jersey General Assembly in 1885; while in office as parks commissioner he laid out and completed the parks of Essex County; from March 24, 1886 to 1889, he was a trustee for the Reform School for Boys. President McKinley appointed him one of the commissioners to the Paris Universal Exposition in 1900. He held official positions in numerous financial institutions, social, and civic bodies.

There is a life size statue of him in Weequahic Park in Newark.

Post-Gubernatorial Life[edit]

After leaving office, he remained involved in New Jersey Republican Party affairs for the rest of his life. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention five times, and at the 1908 Republican National Convention, he was a candidate for the vice presidential nomination to serve as running mate to William Howard Taft, that eventually went to New York Representative, James S. Sherman.

He died in Palm Beach, Florida at age 74 and was buried in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Newark in Section F, Lot 159/160.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • New Jersey Historical Commission, The Governors of New Jersey 1664-1974: Biographical Essays. Trenton, NJ, The Commission, 1982. Paul A. Stellhorn and Michael J. Birkner, Editors.
  • Olsen, Bernard, A Billy Yank Governor: The Life and Times of New Jersey's Franklin Murphy, 2000, Phoenix Publishing, Missoula, Montana.
  • Sobel, Robert (Editor), Raimo, John (Editor), Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1983, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-313-28098-3
  • Stryker, William S., Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War. Trenton, NJ: John Murphy, 1876.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Foster MacGowan Voorhees
Governor of New Jersey
January 21, 1902 – January 17, 1905
Succeeded by
Edward C. Stokes
Party political offices
Preceded by
Foster MacGowan Voorhees
Republican Nominee for Governor of New Jersey
1901
Succeeded by
Edward C. Stokes
Preceded by
John Kean
Chairman of the New Jersey Republican State Committee
1892–1904
Succeeded by
Frank O. Briggs
Preceded by
Frank O. Briggs
Chairman of the New Jersey Republican State Committee
1907–1910
Succeeded by
Frank O. Briggs