Franklin Bachelder Simmons (January 11, 1839 – December 8, 1913) was a prominent American sculptor of the nineteenth century. His statue of William King is one of two representing Maine in the National Statuary Hall Collection located in the US Capitol in Washington, D.C., while his Roger Williams represents Rhode Island.
Simmons was born in Webster, Maine. He spent most of his childhood in Bath, Maine and Lewiston, Maine. He attended Bates College (then called the Maine State Seminary) in 1858. Simmons started sculpting and painting during childhood. He studied with John Adams Jackson.
During the last two years of the American Civil War, he moved to Washington, D.C. and sculpted members of President Abraham Lincoln's Cabinet, the President Lincoln (bust), William Seward, Salmon Chase, and military officers General William T. Sherman (bust) and Admiral Farragut.  The sculptures were cast in bronze and medallions were created. The Union League of Philadelphia purchased most of the medallions. In 1867 Simmons received an honorary A.M. from Bates College and from Colby.
One of Simmons' first sculptures was a bust of Bates College president, Oren Cheney, during Simmons' time at the school in the 1860s.Among Simmons' more important works are the statues of the champion of religious freedom Roger Williams, in the United States Capitol in Washington and a second copy in Roger Williams Park in Providence, Rhode Island; a bronze statue of Governor William King for his state of Maine; a bronze statue of Edward Little for the high school he founded in Auburn, Maine; a bronze statue of Senator Oliver Morton erected in Indianapolis, Indiana; Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1887), in Portland; "Robert Treat Paine", and "Jochebed with the Infant Moses" in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; "Medusa" (1882); "Grief and History," the group that surmounts the naval monument at Washington ; "Galatea" (1884) ; "Penelope" in the De Young Museum, and Berkshire Museum; "The Promised Land" in the Metropolitan Museum of Art; " Miriam "; "Washington at Valley Forge"; "Peace Monument"; and " The Seraph Abdiel," from "Paradise Lost " (1886). He is said to have made a female statue of The Wanderer, meant to depict a Jewess wandering in the desert.
Simmons' statue of Roger Williams
- Dizionario degli Artisti Italiani Viventi: pittori, scultori, e Architetti., by Angelo de Gubernatis. Tipe dei Successori Le Monnier, 1889, page 480.
- Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome databases: Simmons Franklin
- Lillian Whiting, "Franklin Simmons," The Twentieth Century Magazine, Volume 1 (Google eBook) (Twentieth Century Company, 1910), pg. 202
- De Gubernatis, 1905.
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- Art Cyclopedia List of Famous Works
- Universal Cyclopædia & Atlas, 1902 ed., New York, D. Appleton & Co.