Franklin Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey

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For other current New Jersey townships with the same name, see Franklin Township, New Jersey (disambiguation).
Franklin Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Franklin
Franklin Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Franklin Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Franklin Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Franklin Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°35′56″N 75°01′15″W / 39.598841°N 75.020874°W / 39.598841; -75.020874Coordinates: 39°35′56″N 75°01′15″W / 39.598841°N 75.020874°W / 39.598841; -75.020874[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated January 27, 1820
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Edward Leopardi (term ends December 31, 2014)[3][4]
 • Administrator Debra Fourre[5]
 • Clerk Barb Freijomil[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 56.466 sq mi (146.246 km2)
 • Land 55.907 sq mi (144.799 km2)
 • Water 0.559 sq mi (1.447 km2)  0.99%
Area rank 26th of 566 in state
1st of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2010 census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 16,820
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 16,741
 • Rank 149th of 566 in state
6th of 24 in county[12]
 • Density 300.9/sq mi (116.2/km2)
 • Density rank 478th of 566 in state
21st of 24 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08322 - Franklinville[13][14]
Area code(s) 856[15]
FIPS code 3401524840[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882138[1][18]
Website www.franklintownship.com

Franklin Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 16,820,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 1,354 (+8.8%) from the 15,466 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 984 (+6.8%) from the 14,482 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Franklin Township was formed as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 27, 1820, from portions of Greenwich Township and Woolwich Township. Parts of the township have been taken to form Clayton Township (February 5, 1858) and Newfield (March 8, 1924).[20]

Geography[edit]

Franklin Township is located at 39°35′56″N 75°01′15″W / 39.598841°N 75.020874°W / 39.598841; -75.020874 (39.598841,-75.020874). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 56.466 square miles (146.246 km2), of which, 55.907 square miles (144.799 km2) of it was land and 0.559 square miles (1.447 km2) of it (0.99%) was water.[1][2]

Franklinville and Malaga are unincorporated areas located within Franklin Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,137
1830 1,574 38.4%
1840 2,077 32.0%
1850 2,984 43.7%
1860 1,778 * −40.4%
1870 2,188 23.1%
1880 2,480 13.3%
1890 2,021 −18.5%
1900 2,252 11.4%
1910 2,603 15.6%
1920 3,448 32.5%
1930 3,563 * 3.3%
1940 3,464 −2.8%
1950 5,056 46.0%
1960 7,451 47.4%
1970 8,990 20.7%
1980 12,396 37.9%
1990 14,482 16.8%
2000 15,466 6.8%
2010 16,820 8.8%
Est. 2013 16,741 [11] −0.5%
Population sources: 1820-2000[21]
1820-1920[22] 1840[23] 1850-1870[24]
1850[25] 1870[26] 1880-1890[27]
1890-1910[28] 1910-1930[29]
1930-1990[30] 2000[31][32] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[20]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,820 people, 5,849 households, and 4,562 families residing in the township. The population density was 300.9 per square mile (116.2/km2). There were 6,104 housing units at an average density of 109.2 per square mile (42.2/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 88.44% (14,876) White, 7.18% (1,208) Black or African American, 0.20% (34) Native American, 1.27% (213) Asian, 0.03% (5) Pacific Islander, 1.03% (174) from other races, and 1.84% (310) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.49% (755) of the population.[8]

There were 5,849 households, of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.23.[8]

In the township, 24.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 31.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.0 years. For every 100 females there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $74,327 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,247) and the median family income was $80,667 (+/- $7,344). Males had a median income of $51,425 (+/- $3,105) versus $42,297 (+/- $2,605) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $32,141 (+/- $3,019). About 4.7% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.[33]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 15,466 people, 5,225 households, and 4,190 families residing in the township. The population density was 276.1 people per square mile (106.6/km²). There were 5,461 housing units at an average density of 97.5 per square mile (37.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 90.22% White, 6.66% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.25% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.51% of the population.[31][32]

There were 5,225 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.8% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.29.[31][32]

In the township the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.[31][32]

The median income for a household in the township was $55,169, and the median income for a family was $60,518. Males had a median income of $41,159 versus $27,538 for females. The per capita income for the township was $20,277. About 3.5% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[31][32]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Franklin Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2014, members of the Franklin Township Committee are Mayor Edward Leopardi (D, term ends December 31, 2015), Dave Deegan (R, 2014), Vito Genna (R, 2014), Lou Gonzalez (D, 2016) and Sheryl Neely (D, 2016).[3][34][35]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Franklin Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[36] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[9][37][38] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Franklin Township had been in the 4th state legislative district.[39]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[43][44]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[45] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[46] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[47]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2014, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[48] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[49] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[50] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[51] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[52] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[53] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[54][55][56][57] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[58] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[59] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[60][61][56]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 10,760 registered voters in Franklin, of which 2,885 (26.8%) were registered as Democrats, 2,422 (22.5%) were registered as Republicans and 5,444 (50.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 9 voters registered to other parties.[62]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 51.3% of the vote here (4,065 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 46.0% (3,646 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (131 votes), among the 7,923 ballots cast by the township's 11,085 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.5%.[63] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 49.5% of the vote here (3,503 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 48.7% (3,443 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (92 votes), among the 7,073 ballots cast by the township's 9,870 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 71.7.[64]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 49.2% of the vote here (2,445 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 40.2% (1,998 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.4% (417 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (35 votes), among the 4,969 ballots cast by the township's 11,042 registered voters, yielding a 45.0% turnout.[65]

Public safety[edit]

Franklin Township is served by the Franklin Township Police Department, along with five volunteer fire companies and one ambulance squad. Serving are Forest Grove Volunteer Fire Company, Franklinville Volunteer Fire Company, Janvier Volunteer Fire Company, Malaga Volunteer Fire Company, Star Cross Volunteer Fire Company.[5] Franklin Township Ambulance Corps provide emergency medical services for the whole township.

Education[edit]

The Franklin Township Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through sixth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's three schools had an enrollment of 1,363 students and 103.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.23:1.[66] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[67]) are Mary F. Janvier Elementary School[68] (536 students in grades PreK-2), Main Road School[69] (363; 3-4) and Caroline L. Reutter School[70] (464; 5-6).[71][72]

For seventh through twelfth grades, students attend the Delsea Regional School District, which serves students from both Elk Township and Franklin Township.[73] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[74]) are Delsea Regional Middle School with 535 students in grades 7 and 8, and Delsea Regional High School with 1,173 students in grades 9 - 12.[75]

The New Jersey Department of Education has considered a vote by the Franklin Township Board of Education in June 2010 requesting that the district withdraw from the Delsea Regonal School District, which would require that the Delsea region be dissolved as about 80% of the regional district's students come from Franklin. With the withdrawal of Franklin Township, two options being considered were to either have Franklin and Elk Townships create a new regional district with Newfield students attending on a send-receive basis, or having Franklin Township establish its own PK-12 district which would receive students from both Elk Township and Newfield.[76]

Our Lady of Mercy Academy is a college preparatory, all-girls Catholic high school founded in 1962 by the Daughters of Our Lady of Mercy and operated under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.[77]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 177.39 miles (285.48 km) of roadways, of which 118.84 miles (191.25 km) were maintained by the municipality, 39.04 miles (62.83 km) by Gloucester County and 19.51 miles (31.40 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[78]

US 40 passes through the southern area while both Route 47 and the Route 55 freeway both pass through the eastern area.

The county roads that pass through include CR 538, CR 555, and CR 557.

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service in the township on service between Cape May and Philadelphia on the 313 and between Millville and Philadelphia on the 408 routes.[79][80]

Wineries[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Home Page, Franklin Township. Accessed July 7, 2014.
  4. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013. As of date accessed, Marge Pfrommer is listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Contacts, Franklin Township. Accessed July 7, 2014.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 24.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Franklin, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Franklin township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Franklin township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Franklinville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Franklinville, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 138. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  21. ^ Barnett, Bob. "Population Data for Gloucester County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  22. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  23. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 232, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  24. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 257, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed September 8, 2013. "Franklin township was formed in 1820 from Greenwich and Woolwich townships. Population in 1850, 2,984; in 1860, 1,778; and in 1870, 2,188."
  25. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  26. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  27. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  28. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  29. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  30. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  31. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Franklin township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  32. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Franklin township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  33. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Franklin township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  34. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Franklin Township. Accessed July 7, 2014.
  35. ^ Davis, Phil. "Franklin Township committee now with a new mayor, Democratic majority after reorganization", South Jersey Times, January 1, 2014. Accessed July 7, 2014. "Franklin Township Committee made its official shift from a Republican majority to a Democratic majority with the seating of Democrats Sheryl Neely and Louis Gonzalez at the township’s reorganization meeting on Wednesday. In the 2013 General Election, Neely and Gonzalez defeated Republicans Jim Kelly and then-Deputy Mayor Joe Petsch by a narrow margin, securing a 3-2 majority for Democrats."
  36. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  41. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  43. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  44. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  45. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  46. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ Robert M. Damminger, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  49. ^ Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  50. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  51. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  52. ^ Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  53. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  54. ^ Adam J. Taliaferro, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  55. ^ Board of Freeholders, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  56. ^ a b 2014 Gloucester County Official Directory, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  57. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  58. ^ James N. Hogan, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  59. ^ Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  60. ^ Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  61. ^ Row Officers, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  62. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Gloucester, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  63. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  64. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  65. ^ 2009 Governor: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  66. ^ District information for the Franklin Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 7, 2014.
  67. ^ School Data for the Franklin Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 7, 2014.
  68. ^ Mary F. Janvier Elementary School, Franklin Township Public Schools. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  69. ^ Main Road School, Franklin Township Public Schools. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  70. ^ Caroline L. Reutter School, Franklin Township Public Schools. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  71. ^ Schools, Franklin Township Public Schools. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  72. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Franklin Township Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  73. ^ About Us, Delsea Regional School District. Accessed November 7, 2012. "The Delsea Regional HS District is a regional public school district serving students from two communities in Gloucester County, New Jersey. The district serves students in grades 7-12 from Elk Township and Franklin Township."
  74. ^ School Data for the Delsea Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  75. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Delsea Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  76. ^ Bumpus, Robert L. "Report of the Interim Executive County Superintendent of Schools on the Withdrawal of Franklin Township School District from Delsea Regional School District, a Limited Purpose Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education, March 30, 2012. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  77. ^ Gloucester County School Directory. Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  78. ^ Gloucester County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  79. ^ Gloucester County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  80. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed December 2, 2014.

External links[edit]