Franklin Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey

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For other current New Jersey townships with the same name, see Franklin Township, New Jersey (disambiguation).
Franklin Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Franklin
Map of Franklin Township in Hunterdon County. Inset; Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Franklin Township in Hunterdon County. Inset; Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Franklin Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Franklin Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°34′09″N 74°55′52″W / 40.569033°N 74.931227°W / 40.569033; -74.931227Coordinates: 40°34′09″N 74°55′52″W / 40.569033°N 74.931227°W / 40.569033; -74.931227[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated April 7, 1845
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Bruce Polkowitz (term ends December 31, 2014)[3][4]
 • Clerk Ursula Stryker[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 22.998 sq mi (59.563 km2)
 • Land 22.803 sq mi (59.058 km2)
 • Water 0.195 sq mi (0.505 km2)  0.85%
Area rank 120th of 566 in state
11th of 26 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 600 ft (200 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 3,195
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 3,151
 • Rank 444th of 566 in state
17th of 26 in county[12]
 • Density 140.1/sq mi (54.1/km2)
 • Density rank 530th of 566 in state
24th of 26 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08867 - Pittstown, New Jersey[13][14]
Area code(s) 908[15]
FIPS code 3401924870[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882184[18][2]
Website www.franklin-twp.org

Franklin Township is a township in central Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,195,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 205 (+6.9%) from the 2,990 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 139 (+4.9%) from the 2,851 counted in the 1990 Census.[19] Most of the township lies on the Hunterdon Plateau with only the eastern section along the South Branch Raritan River being on the lower part of the Newark Basin.

Franklin Township was established by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 7, 1845, when it was created from portions of Kingwood Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day. Portions of the township were taken to form Clinton town on April 5, 1865.[20] In its early days, Franklin was a Quaker settlement. The most reliable records that are available about the early days of the Township are found in the minutes of the Friends' Meeting in Quakertown.

The Capoolong Creek, which runs through the community of Pittstown, was an attraction to early settlers and they soon established three of the oldest churches in present day Hunterdon: Thomas Episcopal, established in 1723, Bethlehem Presbyterian, organized in 1730 and the Quaker Church in 1733.

Geography[edit]

Franklin Township is located at 40°34′09″N 74°55′52″W / 40.569033°N 74.931227°W / 40.569033; -74.931227 (40.569033,-74.931227). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 22.998 square miles (59.563 km2), of which, 22.803 square miles (59.058 km2) of it was land and 0.195 square miles (0.505 km2) of it (0.85%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,454
1860 1,552 6.7%
1870 1,342 * −13.5%
1880 1,338 −0.3%
1890 1,287 −3.8%
1900 1,258 −2.3%
1910 1,099 −12.6%
1920 980 −10.8%
1930 1,100 12.2%
1940 1,211 10.1%
1950 1,255 3.6%
1960 1,777 41.6%
1970 2,154 21.2%
1980 2,294 6.5%
1990 2,851 24.3%
2000 2,990 4.9%
2010 3,195 6.9%
Est. 2013 3,151 [11] −1.4%
Population sources: 1850-1920[21]
1850-1870[22] 1850[23] 1870[24]
1880-1890[25] 1890-1910[26]
1910-1930[27] 1930-1990[28]
2000[29][30] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[20]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,195 people, 1,137 households, and 908.5 families residing in the township. The population density was 140.1 per square mile (54.1 /km2). There were 1,204 housing units at an average density of 52.8 per square mile (20.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 96.84% (3,094) White, 0.69% (22) Black or African American, 0.16% (5) Native American, 1.25% (40) Asian, 0.09% (3) Pacific Islander, 0.44% (14) from other races, and 0.53% (17) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.44% (110) of the population.[8]

There were 1,137 households, of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.0% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.1% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.13.[8]

In the township, 24.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 19.4% from 25 to 44, 34.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.0 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $104,500 (with a margin of error of +/- $19,534) and the median family income was $118,182 (+/- $16,643). Males had a median income of $72,303 (+/- $13,313) versus $52,202 (+/- $5,525) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $46,892 (+/- $5,196). About 1.7% of families and 1.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[31]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 2,990 people, 1,091 households, and 890 families residing in the township. The population density was 130.7 people per square mile (50.5/km²). There were 1,125 housing units at an average density of 49.2 per square mile (19.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.53% White, 0.40% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.24% of the population.[29][30]

There were 1,091 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.8% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.04.[29][30]

In the township the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.1 males.[29][30]

The median income for a household in the township was $91,364, and the median income for a family was $96,320. Males had a median income of $66,667 versus $44,779 for females. The per capita income for the township was $39,668. About 1.5% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.[29][30]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Franklin Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2014, members of the Franklin Township Committee are Mayor Bruce Polkowitz (R, term ends December 31, 2014), Deputy Mayor Dan Connor (R, 2015), James Fania (R, 2015), Susan Soloway (R, 2016) and Timothy Wintermute (R, 2016).[3][32][33][34]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Franklin Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[35] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[9][36][37] Prior to the 2010 Census, Franklin Township had been part of the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[38]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[39] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[40][41] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[42][43]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[44][45] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[46] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[47]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director.[48] As of 2014, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015),[49] Freeholder Deputy Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015),[50] Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016),[51] John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016)[52] and Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2014).[53][54] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017),[55] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016)[56] and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).[57][58][59]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,253 registered voters in Franklin Township, of which 382 (17.0%) were registered as Democrats, 1,021 (45.3%) were registered as Republicans and 850 (37.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[60]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 61.0% of the vote here (1,118 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 36.6% (670 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (31 votes), among the 1,833 ballots cast by the township's 2,228 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.3%.[61] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 63.3% of the vote here (1,130 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 35.3% (630 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (24 votes), among the 1,784 ballots cast by the township's 2,133 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 83.6.[62]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 69.5% of the vote here (977 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 21.6% (303 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.0% (112 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (4 votes), among the 1,406 ballots cast by the township's 2,215 registered voters, yielding a 63.5% turnout.[63]

Education[edit]

The Franklin Township School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. The Franklin Township School served an enrollment of 304 students as of the 2010-11 school year.[64]

Students in ninth through twelfth grades attend North Hunterdon High School in Annandale as part of the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. North Hunterdon High School serves students from Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township.[65]

Transportation[edit]

County roads that pass through include CR 513 and CR 579.

Route 12 passes through for just less than ½ mile. Interstate 78/U.S. Route 22 traverse through for a fifth of a mile with an interchange (Exit 15) at the northern tip of the township (which is the eastern overlapping end of Route 173).

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Franklin Township include:

  • Chris Kappler (born 1967), Olympic gold and silver medalist in equestrian events.[66]

Surrounding communities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Franklin Township Committee, Franklin Township. Accessed July 7, 2014.
  4. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  5. ^ Township Clerk, Franklin Township. Accessed July 7, 2014.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Franklin, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Franklin township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 10. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Franklin township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Pittstown, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Pittstown, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  18. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 155. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  21. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 10, 2013.
  22. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 267, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 10, 2013. "Franklin township contained in 1850 a population of 1,452; in 1860, 1,552; and in 1870 1,342. Sidney, Pittstown, Quakertown, Oak Grove and Cherryville are post towns "
  23. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 139. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 10, 2013.
  24. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 10, 2013.
  25. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  26. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  27. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  28. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  29. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Franklin township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  30. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Franklin township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  31. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Franklin township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  32. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Franklin Township. Accessed July 7, 2014.
  33. ^ The Township of Franklin, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  34. ^ Wright, Terry. "Soloway, Wintermute join Franklin Township Committee; Polkowitz remains mayor", Hunterdon County Democrat, January 7, 2014. Accessed July 7, 2014. "Susan Soloway and Timothy Wintermute were sworn in to their first terms on the Township Committee at its reorganization meeting Monday night, Jan. 6. Committeeman Bruce Polkowitz will be mayor this year and Committeeman Dan Connor, deputy mayor. Both held the same posts in 2013. Also on the committee is Jim Fania; all five are Republicans."
  35. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  40. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  41. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  42. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  43. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  44. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  45. ^ District 23 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  46. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ About the Board, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  49. ^ Matt Holt, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  50. ^ John King, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  51. ^ Suzanne Lagay, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  52. ^ John E. Lanza, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  53. ^ Robert G. Walton, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  54. ^ Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  55. ^ Hunterdon County Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  56. ^ Frederick W. Brown; Hunterdon County Sheriff, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  57. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  58. ^ 2014 Elected Officials, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  59. ^ Wichert, Bill. "Hunterdon County sheriff re-elected, GOP newcomers win freeholder seats", The Star-Ledger, November 5, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2014. "County Sheriff Frederick Brown won a second three-year term over Democratic challenger Paul Carluccio. County Surrogate Susan Hoffman, who ran unopposed, also won re-election to a five-year term.When they join the all-Republican freeholders board in January, Lanza and Lagay will fill the seats vacated by Republicans George Melick and Will Mennen."
  60. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Hunterdon, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  61. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  62. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  63. ^ 2009 Governor: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  64. ^ Data for the Franklin Township School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed May 29, 2013.
  65. ^ About the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed November 14, 2012. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township"
  66. ^ Editorial. "Editorial: Hunterdon can be proud of residents who have competed in the Olympics, Culley is next", Hunterdon County Democrat, July 26, 2012. Accessed May 29, 2013. "Two equestrians have ridden for the U.S. show jumping team. In 2000, Nona Garson, then of Tewksbury Township, went to Australia and in 2004, Chris Kappler of Franklin Township won the team gold and individual silver in Athens."

External links[edit]