Franklin Township, Somerset County, New Jersey

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For other current New Jersey townships with the same name, see Franklin Township, New Jersey (disambiguation).
Franklin Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Franklin
Map of Franklin Township in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Franklin Township in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Franklin Township, Somerset County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Franklin Township, Somerset County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°28′37″N 74°33′02″W / 40.476872°N 74.550447°W / 40.476872; -74.550447Coordinates: 40°28′37″N 74°33′02″W / 40.476872°N 74.550447°W / 40.476872; -74.550447[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Somerset
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • Mayor Brian D. Levine (R, term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Manager Robert G. Vornlocker[4]
 • Clerk Ann McCarthy[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 46.846 sq mi (121.330 km2)
 • Land 46.147 sq mi (119.520 km2)
 • Water 0.699 sq mi (1.810 km2)  1.49%
Area rank 37th of 566 in state
2nd of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 62 ft (19 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 62,300
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 65,280
 • Rank 22nd of 566 in state
1st of 21 in county[12]
 • Density 1,350.0/sq mi (521.2/km2)
 • Density rank 350th of 566 in state
9th of 21 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08873, 08875 - Somerset (also used as East Millstone)[13]
08528 - Kingston[14]
08823 - Franklin Park[15]
08540 - Princeton[16]
08890 - Zarephath[17][18]
Area code(s) 609, 732/848 and 908
FIPS code 3403524900[19][2][20]
GNIS feature ID 0882170[21][2]
Website http://www.franklintwpnj.org

Franklin Township is a township in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 62,300,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 11,397 (+22.4%) from the 50,903 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 8,123 (+19.0%) from the 42,780 counted in the 1990 Census.[22]

Traditionally a farming community, it has become a fast-growing suburb with massive development in the later 20th and 21st centuries as a diverse blend of races, religions and cultures. In 2008, Franklin Township ranked #5 on Money magazine's list of America's Top 100 Best Places to Live.[23]

What is now Franklin Township was originally formed circa 1745 as Eastern precinct. Franklin Township was incorporated on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature. Portions of the township were taken to form South Bound Brook (formed within Township, became independent municipality as of April 11, 1907) and East Millstone (February 18, 1873, returned to Franklin Township on December 31, 1949).[24]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 46.846 square miles (121.330 km2), of which, 46.147 square miles (119.520 km2) of it was land and 0.699 square miles (1.810 km2) of it (1.49%) was water.[1][2]

The community is three-fourths rural.[25]

Communities[edit]

The following are census-designated places, unincorporated enclaves and historical communities located within Franklin Township. While they have their own separate identities, they are all unincorporated communities:[26][27][28]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 3,878
1850 3,062 −21.0%
1860 3,599 17.5%
1870 3,912 8.7%
1880 3,147 * −19.6%
1890 2,478 −21.3%
1900 2,398 −3.2%
1910 2,395 * −0.1%
1920 2,955 23.4%
1930 5,675 92.0%
1940 5,912 4.2%
1950 9,601 * 62.4%
1960 19,858 106.8%
1970 30,389 53.0%
1980 31,358 3.2%
1990 42,780 36.4%
2000 50,903 19.0%
2010 62,300 22.4%
Est. 2013 65,280 [11] 4.8%
Population sources:
1800-1920[46] 1840[47] 1850-1870[48]
1850[49] 1870[50] 1880-1890[51]
1890-1910[52] 1910-1930[53] 1920-1940[54]
1930-1990[55] 2000[56][57] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Territory change in previous decade.[24]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 62,300 people, 23,301 households, and 15,938 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,350.0 per square mile (521.2 /km2). There were 24,426 housing units at an average density of 529.3 per square mile (204.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 44.76% (27,887) White, 26.55% (16,539) Black or African American, 0.29% (183) Native American, 19.98% (12,450) Asian, 0.01% (9) Pacific Islander, 5.11% (3,183) from other races, and 3.29% (2,049) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 12.92% (8,050) of the population.[8]

There were 23,301 households, of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.19.[8]

In the township, 22.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.3 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $89,992 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,918) and the median family income was $103,060 (+/- $3,429). Males had a median income of $66,178 (+/- $2,448) versus $54,733 (+/- $2,427) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $40,036 (+/- $1,203). About 3.2% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[58]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[19] there were 50,903 people, 19,355 households, and 12,987 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,088.3 people per square mile (420.2/km²). There were 19,789 housing units at an average density of 423.1 per square mile (163.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 55.11% White, 25.98% African American, 0.18% Native American, 12.74% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.56% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.11% of the population.[56][57]

There were 19,355 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.[56][57]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.[56][57]

The median income for a household in the township was $67,923, and the median income for a family was $78,177. Males had a median income of $52,351 versus $41,101 for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,209. About 3.1% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.[56][57]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The Township of Franklin is chartered under the Faulkner Act as Council-Manager, Plan D.[6][59] The Township Council consists of nine members, including a Mayor elected from the township at-large, one elected for each of the five wards and three elected from the township at-large.

The Mayor is the Chief Legislative Officer of the township and is elected by the voters to serve for a four-year term. The Township Manager is the Chief Executive Officer overseeing the township's daily operations and is hired by and serves at the pleasure of the Township Council. Councilmembers are chosen in partisan elections held at the June Primary and November General Elections in odd-numbered years, with the five ward seats coming up for election together and the mayoral and at-large seats up for election two years later.[60]

As of 2014, members of the Township Council are Mayor Brian D. Levine (R; term ends December 31, 2015), Deputy Mayor Brian G. Regan (D; At-Large, 2015), Kimberly Francois (D; At-Large, 2015), Theodore Chase, Jr. (D; 1st Ward, 2017), Phillip Kramer (D; 3rd Ward, 2017), Rajiv Prasad (D; At-Large, 2015), Rozalyn Sherman (D; 2nd Ward, 2017), James Vassanella (D; 5th Ward, 2017) and Carl Wright (D; 4th Ward, 2017).[61][62][63]

In 1998 the township voted 6,092 to 2,834 to raise property taxes by 3 cents per $100 of assessed valuation, with the money to be used to preserve open space.[25]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Franklin Township is located in the 12th Congressional District[64] and is part of New Jersey's 17th state legislative district.[9][65][66] Prior to the 2010 Census, Franklin Township had been split between the 6th Congressional District and the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[67]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[68] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[69][70] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[71][72]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 17th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Bob Smith (D, Piscataway) and in the General Assembly by Upendra J. Chivukula (D, Franklin Township) and Joseph V. Egan (D, New Brunswick)[73][74] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[75] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[76]

Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members.[77] As of 2014, Somerset County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Patrick Scaglione (R, Bridgewater Township, 2015),[78] Freeholder Deputy Director Mark Caliguire (R, Skillman in Montgomery Township, 2015),[79] Peter S. Palmer (R, Bernardsville, term ends December 31, 2014),[80] Patricia L. Walsh (R, Green Brook Township, 2016)[81] and Robert Zaborowski (R, Somerset in Franklin Township, 2014),[82][83] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Brett A. Radi (R, Somerville, 2017),[84] Sheriff Frank J. Provenzano (R, Raritan, 2016)[85][86] and Surrogate Frank Bruno (R, Branchburg, 2015).[87]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 36,240 registered voters in Franklin Township, of which 13,993 (38.6% vs. 26.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 4,962 (13.7% vs. 25.7%) were registered as Republicans and 17,262 (47.6% vs. 48.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered to other parties.[88] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 58.2% (vs. 60.4% in Somerset County) were registered to vote, including 74.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.4% countywide).[88][89]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 19,442 votes here (70.0% vs. 52.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 7,951 votes (28.6% vs. 46.1%) and other candidates with 246 votes (0.9% vs. 1.1%), among the 27,776 ballots cast by the township's 35,508 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.2% (vs. 78.7% in Somerset County).[90] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 14,737 votes here (64.2% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 7,913 votes (34.5% vs. 51.5%) and other candidates with 211 votes (0.9% vs. 0.9%), among the 22,962 ballots cast by the township's 28,743 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.9% (vs. 81.7% in the whole county).[91]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 9,369 ballots cast (53.0% vs. 34.1% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 6,842 votes (38.7% vs. 55.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 1,180 votes (6.7% vs. 8.7%) and other candidates with 137 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 17,679 ballots cast by the township's 36,033 registered voters, yielding a 49.1% turnout (vs. 52.5% in the county).[92]

Culture and history[edit]

It has been unclear if the township was named for founding father Benjamin Franklin or for his illegitimate son William Franklin, a Loyalist and the last Royal Governor of New Jersey (from 1763 to 1776). In 2000, after considering the evidence set forth by William B. Brahms in his books Images of America: Franklin Township (1997)[93] and Franklin Township, Somerset County, NJ: A History,[94] and The Case for William Franklin and The Case for Benjamin Franklin, the Township Council chose the theory that the township was indeed named for Benjamin Franklin.

Franklin Township was very much a part of Revolutionary War history and the scene of many raiding parties along Route 27, then known as the King's Highway. Two British generals, Cornwallis and DeHeister, tried to lure General George Washington and his Continental Army into battle on the plains of Middlebush and East Millstone. Washington, however, kept his troops at Chimney Rock, just north of Franklin, until the British withdrew. Several of the prosperous Middlebush farms were destroyed by the British soldiers during their retreat. In 1777, near the mill on the Millstone River at Weston, the Continental Army and local militia engaged and successfully drove off a British foraging party of about 600 troops, sent out of New Brunswick by General Cornwallis. In 1783, Washington composed his farewell address to his army while staying at Rockingham near Kingston, New Jersey.[95]

The construction of the Delaware and Raritan Canal in the 1830s, stretching 22 miles (35 km) to connect New York and Philadelphia, led to significant growth in the township, with as much as 200,000 tons of goods shipped on barges using the canal by the 1860s. The rise of shipping commercial goods using railroads led to a substantial decline in canal traffic.[96] The area has been restored as the .[97]

The Van Wickle House, located next to the Delaware and Raritan Canal in the Somerset section of the township, in between New Brunswick and South Bound Brook, was built in 1722 by Dutch settlers and is now owned and maintained by The Meadows Foundation. Set back behind Easton Avenue, the home adjoins the Rutgers Preparatory School and a Revolutionary War-era graveyard.[98]

Passenger and freight railroad service was available in Franklin Township during the later half of the 19th century via the Millstone and New Brunswick Railroad (M&NB) which opened in 1854. The railroad was built and operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), from a junction with the PRR mainline at Jersey Avenue in New Brunswick to East Millstone. The M&NB is now known as the Conrail Millstone Secondary Branch. The branch line is still operated by Conrail up to just west of Clyde Road in Somerset, serving local industry in the industrial section of Somerset.[99]

In 1922, the infamous Hall-Mills Murder took place in Franklin Township, in the area adjacent to New Brunswick known as Somerset.[100]

Utilities[edit]

Gas and electricity are provided by PSE&G. Water comes from the Delaware and Raritan Canal from water bought from American Water and neighboring North Brunswick and New Brunswick in Middlesex County. In 2011 the township considered privatizing the system and awarding the contract to United Water.[101]

Points of interest[edit]

  • The Blackwells Mills Canal House, located at Blackwells Mills Road and Canal Road (598 Canal Road, Somerset) on the Delaware and Raritan Canal, was built around 1835, at the same time as the canal. It was constructed to house the bridge tender, who would open the swing bridge when canal boats came through, then close it to allow traffic to cross over the canal. The building is leased from the State and is maintained and operated by the Blackwells Mills Canal House Association in conjunction with the Meadows Foundation.[102]
  • Colonial Park, part of the Somerset County Park System, is a 685.5-acre (2.774 km2) facility located in the western portion of Franklin Township near East Millstone with entrances off Mettlers Lane and Elizabeth Avenue. The park offers many recreational activities, including picnicking, hiking, biking, fishing, golf and tennis. It features a 144-acre (0.58 km2) Arboretum, "a living tree museum" that provides a wide range of examples of trees and shrubs that grow well in the Central Jersey environment.[103] The park also offers a 3-acre (12,000 m2) leash-free dog area, a 1.4-mile (2.3 km) fitness parcourse, paddleboat rentals, an 18-hole putting course, the 18 hole championship Spooky Brook Golf Course, 3 stocked fishing ponds, softball fields, tennis center, playground, nature trail, a 5-acre (20,000 m2) Perennial Garden, the Rudolf W. van der Goot Rose Garden, an accredited All-America Rose Selections (AARS) display garden, and the Fragrance and Sensory Garden, designed to be of special interest to visitors who are visually or physically impaired.[104] In 2009, Franklin Township appeared on Newsmax magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns," a piece written by current CBS News travel editor Peter Greenberg. The article cited Colonial Park as a reason for the city making the list.[105]
  • A portion of the Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park runs for 22 miles (35 km) along much of the northern and western borders of Franklin Township eventually making its way as far south as Trenton with a feeder canal following the Delaware River north for another 22 miles (35 km) to Bull's Island near Frenchtown. The canal and adjacent tow path offer many recreational activities, from hiking and biking to fishing and boating. Access points with parking can be found near most road crossings of the canal, via bridges at Colonial Park (see above) and the Van Wickle House (see below) in Franklin Township as well as at many of the locks on the canal.[106]
  • The John W. Flemer Preserve is a 7.4-acre (30,000 m2) preserve adjacent to the Delaware and Raritan Canal in Kingston that features a 2-mile (3.2 km) trail on the east bank of the Canal that offers a connection to the tow path on the west side of the Canal for a round trip hike.[107]
  • The Franklin Inn, at 2371 Amwell Road (Route 514), East Millstone, NJ a farmhouse built c. 1752 by Cornelius Van Liew, it has also been known as Annie Van Liew's House and, after being remodeled into a tavern and inn, the Franklin House Hotel.[108]
  • The Hageman Farm, at 209 South Middlebush Road, is a c. 1861 historic farm. Owned by Franklin Township, the farm is under the stewardship of the Meadows Foundation.[109]
  • The William L. Hutcheson Memorial Forest ia a 500-acre (2.0 km2) natural preserve administered by Rutgers University that includes a 65-acre (260,000 m2) virgin old-growth forest designated a National Natural Landmark, and is located at 2150 Amwell Road (Route 514) about 3/4 of a mile east of East Millstone.[110]
  • The Negri-Nepote Native Grassland Preserve is a 164-acre (0.66 km2) preserve located between Bennets Lane and Skillmans Lane in the Somerset section that features 111-acre (0.45 km2) of grassland, forest and scrubland and a 2.5-acre (10,000 m2) wetland attracting migratory birds and amphibians with over 3 miles (4.8 km) of pedestrian trails, bird boxes and interpretive signage.[111]
  • Rockingham State Historic Site, near Kingston on CR 603 (Somerset County), adjacent to the Delaware and Raritan Canal. George Washington wrote his Farewell Address to the Revolutionary Army while staying here in the fall of 1783.[112][113]
  • Six Mile Run Reservoir Site, part of the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, is located in the central portion of Franklin Township. The 3,037-acre (12.29 km2) park consists of land that was set aside in c. 1970 for water resource needs that still remains largely undeveloped and that offers numerous multi-use recreational trails. Access is provided via the former D&R Canal Main Office parking area off Canal Road just south of Blackwells Mills Road.[114]
  • Spieden & Hoebel Farms, Little Valley Natural Area is a 120-acre (0.49 km2) area at 1327 and 1345 Canal Road with several miles of trails through forest and along field edges. Across Canal Road is access to the Delaware and Raritan Canal tow path and the Millstone River and flood plain.
  • Ten Mile Run Greenway is a 684-acre (2.77 km2) greenway over 4 miles (6.4 km) in length running between Canal Rd. south of Bunker Hill Road in Griggstown and S. Middlebush Road near Old Vliet Road in Franklin Park. It runs along the Ten Mile Run. It features four sections including:
  • Bunker Hill Natural Area, accessed from the north side of Bunker Hill Road near the intersection of Rt. 27 features trails through mature forest and meadows and along Ten Mile Run stream. Trails connect to the Griggstown Native Grassland Preserve and the Catalpa Farm areas.
  • Catalpa Farm, Old Vliet Road offers trails along field edges and a small forest that connect to the Bunker Hill Natural Area.
  • Environmental Education Center, 255 Bunker Hill Road (parking is available at 287 Bunker Hill Road), is a 95-area the features a deciduous forest known as Graeber Woods, a one-mile (1.6 km) self-guided nature trail and the “Glass House”, a home that has been renovated and is now used as a classroom and conference center to provide a wide range of instructional, hands-on activities in natural habitats, and a 20' climbing tower and a high ropes course adventure area. The Environmental Education Center is a cooperative effort of the Township of Franklin, the Franklin Township Board of Education, and the Green Acres Program. A trail connect to the Griggstown Native Grassland Preserve and the rest of the Ten Mile Run Greenway.
  • Griggstown Native Grassland Preserve accessed from Canal Road in Griggstown (1091 Canal Road) has over 100 acres (0.40 km2) of grassland and hundreds of acres of forest and features over 6 miles (9.7 km) of mapped trails. Trails connect to the other sections of the Ten Mile Run Greenway.
  • St. Sophia Seminary and Library, founded in 1975,
  • St. Andrew Memorial Church, completed and consecrated in 1967 in memory of the 7-14 million people who died in the Ukrainian famine of 1932-33 is a unique example of Ukrainian Cossak Baroque architecture in the area,
  • St. Andrew Cemetery, founded in 1952,
  • The Ukrainian Historical and Educational Center, founded in 1972, which contains priceless treasures of Ukrainian cultural, historical, social, religious, literary and political life including Easter eggs, lacework, hand embroidery, statuary and church vessels.
  • The Ukrainian Cultural Center, dedicated in 1985,
  • St. Andrew Ukrainian School, founded in 1962 and located in the Cultural Center,
  • St. Andrew Bookstore and Ecclesiastical Supply, founded in 1992,
  • The historic Fisher Homestead, built in 1688, the home of Hendrick Fisher, New Jersey's delegate to the Continental Congress, and the site of the Fisher Family Cemetery.
  • The Van Liew-Suydam House, at 280 South Middlebush Road, was built in the 18th century by Peter Van Liew. Joseph Suydam later built the part of the house that is visible today. The newest and largest portion of the house was built in 1875. Although the most recent long term owner of the house was named French, the house has been named after its two initial owners. Owned by Franklin Township, the farm is under the stewardship of the Meadows Foundation.[115]
  • The Van Wickle House, at 1289 Easton Avenue is a historic house built c. 1722 by Symen Van Wickle. Operated by the Meadows Foundation which holds special annual events here.[116]
  • The Wyckoff-Garretson House, at 215 South Middlebush Road, was built in 1730 by Cornelius Wyckoff. The house was restored by the Meadows Foundation under the direction of architect Mark Alan Hewitt.[117]

Transportation[edit]

Franklin has a variety of county routes, and other major roads that pass through. Some of the major county route that are in the township are CR 514, CR 518 and CR 527. Route 27 runs along the border between New Brunswick, and the townships of South Brunswick and North Brunswick. Interstate 287 runs through the northern part with two interchanges.

The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) is outside in both neighboring South Brunswick and New Brunswick, but the closest interchange is two towns away.

Franklin Township was to house the northern end of the Somerset Freeway at I-287 back in 1964 until it was later proposed to end in Piscataway. An additional spur, Interstate 695, was also proposed as part of the project. This road was to complete Interstate 95 at the proposed southern end in Hopewell Township at I-95 and I-295. However the entire project was ultimately cancelled in 1982.

Education[edit]

The Franklin Township Public Schools serve students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's nine schools had an enrollment of 7,771 students and 645.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.03:1.[118] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[119]) are six PreK-4 elementary schools — Conerly Road School[120] (483 students), Elizabeth Avenue School[121] (624), Franklin Park School[122] (1,016), Hillcrest School[123] (466), MacAfee Road School[124] (492), Pine Grove Manor School[125] (439) — Sampson G. Smith Intermediate School[126] for grades 5-6 (1,160), Franklin Middle School[127] for grades 7-8 (1,057) and Franklin High School[128] for grades 9-12 (2,035).[129][130]

Rutgers Preparatory School, a private day school founded in 1766, is located in Franklin Township and occupies a 35 acre campus between Easton Avenue and the Raritan River. The state's oldest independent school, RPS moved to Franklin Township in 1957.[131]

Emergency services[edit]

Fire companies

Franklin Township is served by 10 all-volunteer Fire Departments in four fire districts.[132]

  • Community Fire Company / Station 25 (District 3)[133]
  • Elizabeth Ave. Fire Company / Station 26 (District 1)[134]
  • East Franklin Fire Department / Station 27 (District 3)[135]
  • Middlebush Fire Department / Station 44 (District 1)[136]
  • Millstone Valley Fire Company / Station 28 (District 1)[137]
  • Franklin Park Fire Department / Station 31 (District 2)[138]
  • Griggstown Fire Company / Station 35 (District 2)[139]
  • Kingston Fire Company / Station 39 (District 4)[140]
  • Little Rocky Hill Fire Company / Station 41 (District 2)[141]
  • Somerset Fire & Rescue Company #1 / Station 56 (District 1)[142]
First aid squads

Franklin Township is served by five First Aid and Rescue Squads[143]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Franklin Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Township Manager, Township of Franklin. Accessed February 12, 2013.
  5. ^ Township Clerk, Township of Franklin. Accessed February 12, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 81.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Franklin, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Franklin Township, Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Franklin Township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Somerset, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 23, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Kingston, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 23, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Franklin Park, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 23, 2012.
  16. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Princeton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 23, 2012.
  17. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Zarephath, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 23, 2012.
  18. ^ General Information, Township of Franklin. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  19. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
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External links[edit]