Franklin Township, Warren County, Ohio
|Franklin Township, Ohio|
Location of Franklin, Ohio
|• Total||33.6 sq mi (86.9 km2)|
|• Land||33.1 sq mi (85.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)|
|Elevation||679 ft (207 m)|
|• Density||840.5/sq mi (324.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||513 937|
|GNIS feature ID||1087113|
Franklin Township, one of the eleven townships of Warren County, Ohio, United States, is in the northwest corner of the county. It is the most populous township in the county: the 2000 census found 27,294 people there, down from 27,510 in 1990; of this total, 9,947 lived in the unincorporated portions of the township. It is named for Benjamin Franklin and is one of twenty-one Franklin Townships statewide.
Located in the northwestern corner of the county, it borders the following townships and city:
- German Township, Montgomery County - north
- Clearcreek Township - east
- Turtlecreek Township - south
- Middletown - southwest
- Madison Township, Butler County - west
- Miami Township, Montgomery County - northwest
One of the original four townships of Warren County, it was created on May 10, 1803 when the county was just nine days old. At that time, it was much larger. On August 5, 1804, the southern part was transferred to the newly created Turtlecreek Township. On September 11, 1815, the eastern part was transferred to the newly created Clearcreek Township. The original western boundary was the Great Miami River, but Clinton County proved a continuing headache to the legislature and forced adjustments to Warren County. The Ohio Constitution requires that every county have an area of at least four hundred square miles, and Clinton County's boundaries were several times adjusted in an effort to comply with that clause of the constitution. One of them, the Act of January 30, 1815, detached a strip of land from the eastern side of Warren County to give to Clinton. That would have left Warren under four hundred square miles, so a portion of Butler County (the part of Franklin Township where Carlisle is now located) was attached to Warren in compensation. The 1815 act was as follows:
- Section 1—That all that part of the county of Butler lying and being within the first and second fractional townships in the fifth range, and adjoining the south line of Montgomery County, shall be and the same is hereby attached to and made part of the county of Warren.
- Section 2—That eleven square miles of the territory of the county of Warren and extending parallel to the said eastern boundary of Warren County, along the whole length of such eastern boundary from north to south, shall be and the same is hereby attached to and made a part of the county of Clinton."
The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.
In November 2004, the people of Franklin Township and the city of Franklin voted on a committee to study merging the two communities. The Board of Elections improperly failed to submit the question to the voters in the township, but the vote in the city was against the merger.
Most of the township is in the Franklin City and Carlisle City School Districts, but parts are in the Springboro City and Middletown City School Districts. Telephone service is provided through the Franklin, Middletown, Miamisburg, Centerville, and Germantown exchanges, while mail is provided through the Franklin, Carlisle, and Middletown post offices.
Police protection in Franklin Twp. is provided by the Warren County Sheriff's Office.
- Elva R. Adams. Warren County Revisited. [Lebanon, Ohio]: Warren County Historical Society, 1989.
- Robert Brenner. Maineville, Ohio, History: 100 Years as an Incorporated Town, 1850-1950. Cincinnati: John S. Swift, 1950.
- The Centennial Atlas of Warren County, Ohio. Lebanon, Ohio: The Centennial Atlas Association, 1903.
- Mabel Eldridge and Dudley Bryant. Franklin in the Great Miami Valley. Edited by Harriet E. Foley. Franklin, Ohio: Franklin Area Historical Society, 1982.
- Harriet E. Foley, editor. Carlisle: The Jersey Settlement in Ohio, 1800-1990. 2nd ed. [Carlisle, Ohio?]: The Editor, 1990.
- Josiah Morrow. The History of Warren County, Ohio. Chicago: W.H. Beers, 1883. (Reprinted several times)
- Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. 6th ed. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme, 2001. ISBN 0-89933-281-1
- William E. Smith. History of Southwestern Ohio: The Miami Valleys. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing, 1964. 3 vols.
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- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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- "Detailed map of Ohio" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
- §503.24, §505.01, and §507.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. Accessed 4/30/2009.