Franklinite (black) with Zincite (red)
Spinel structural group
|Mohs scale hardness||5½-6|
|Luster||metallic, often dull|
|Streak||reddish brown to black|
|Specific gravity||5.07 - 5.22|
As with another spinel member magnetite, both ferrous (2+) and ferric (3+) iron may be present in Franklinite samples. Divalent iron and/or manganese (Mn) may commonly accompany zinc (Zn) and trivalent manganese may substitute for some ferric iron.
At its type locality, Franklinite can be found with a wide array of minerals, many of which are fluorescent. More commonly, it occurs with willemite, calcite, and red zincite. In these rocks, it forms as disseminated small black crystals with their octahedral faces visible at times. It may rarely be found as a single large euhedral crystal.
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