František Xaver Dušek

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Not to be confused with Jan Ladislav Dussek.

František Xaver Dušek (German: Franz Xaver Duschek; baptised 8 December 1731 – 12 February 1799) was a Czech composer and one of the most important harpsichordists and pianists of his time.

Biography[edit]

Dušek was born at Chotěborky, near Jaroměř. He was taught the harpsichord in Vienna by Georg Christoph Wagenseil and established himself around 1770 in Prague as a successful keyboard teacher. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was probably his guest in his Villa Bertramka in Košíře, just outside Prague, although no documentation exists to support claims originating in nineteenth-century literature that he stayed there frequently. Mozart himself never reported staying there and no contemporary witness ever reported seeing him there. The best evidence that he ever stayed there comes from a reminiscence of Mozart's son Karl Thomas Mozart that dates from 1856 and indicates that he was at the Bertramka during his second visit to Prague (during October and November 1787). Karl Thomas was not himself a witness to the incident reported, rather he only heard about it from friends of Mozart that he met as a child in Prague during the 1790s.[1] Furthermore, there is no documentation to support widespread claims that Mozart completed the operas Don Giovanni and La clemenza di Tito at the Bertramka, or indeed that he even worked on them there. Dušek died in Prague. He was one of the teachers of Mozart's son Karl Thomas, who became a gifted pianist, although he did not pursue a career in music.

Dušek's wife Josepha Hambacher (7 March 1753 – 8 January 1824) had been taught by him and was a famous pianist and soprano. She sang important soprano roles in Mozart operas in early performances, and Mozart's concert aria Bella mia fiamma (catalogued as K. 528) was written for her.[2]

Dušek composed sonatas, variations and concertos for harpsichord and piano and several symphonies and string quartets. Much of his music is in the galant style of the early Classical period.

sonata

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Tributes by other composers[edit]

The Austrian-Australian composer Eric Gross wrote three suites for violin and orchestra, named Dussekiana I-III, based on piano pieces of František Xaver Dussek.[3]

List of compositions[edit]

Catalogue established by Václav Jan Sýkora.[4]
S 1: Keyboard Sonata in B flat major
S 2: Keyboard Sonata in B flat major
S 3: Keyboard Sonata in E flat major
S 4: Keyboard Sonata in G major
S 5: 6 Keyboard Sonatinas
S 6: Keyboard Sonata in G major
S 7: Keyboard Sonata in G major
S 8: Keyboard Sonata in C major
S 9: Variations for keyboard in C major
S 10: Andante con menuetto for keyboard in G major
S 11: Pieces for keyboard
S 12: Keyboard Sonata in E flat major
S 13: Keyboard Sonata in F major
S 14: Keyboard Sonata in C major
S 15: Keyboard Sonata in A major
S 16: Keyboard Sonata in G major
S 17: Keyboard Sonata in F major
S 18: Keyboard Sonata in G major
S 19: Keyboard Sonata in D major
S 20: Variations for keyboard in G major
S 21: Variations for keyboard in A major
S 22: Variations for keyboard in B flat major
S 23: Variations for keyboard 4 hands in C major
S 24: Menuetto for keyboard 4 hands in C major
S 25: Sonata for keyboard 4 hands in C major
S 26: Sonata for keyboard 4 hands in E flat major
S 27: Sonata for keyboard 4 hands in G major
S 28: Sonata for keyboard 4 hands in C major
S 29: Sonata for keyboard 4 hands in C major
S 30: Sonata for keyboard 4 hands in G major
S 31: Variations for keyboard 4 hands in E flat major
S 32: Keyboard Trio in F major
S 33: Keyboard Trio in G major
S 34: Keyboard Trio in D major
S 35: Keyboard Quintet in G major
S 36: Keyboard Trio in E flat major
S 37: Keyboard Quartet in G major
S 38: Keyboard Concerto in G major
S 39: Keyboard Concerto in C major
S 40: Keyboard Concerto in E flat major
S 41: Keyboard Concerto in D major
S 42: Adagio for keyboard & orchestra in B flat major
S 43: Partita for 2 oboes & bassoon in G major
S 44: Partita for 2 oboes & bassoon in F major
S 45: Partita for 2 oboes & bassoon in G major
S 46: Partita for 2 oboes & bassoon in C major
S 47: Partita for 2 oboes & bassoon in C major
S 48: Partita for wind quintet in F major
S 49: Partita for wind quintet in D minor
S 50: Partita for wind quintet in A major
S 51: Partita for wind quintet in F major
S 52: Partita for wind quintet in G major
S 53: Partita for wind quintet in F major
S 54: Partita for wind sextet in G major
S 55: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 56: Partita for wind sextet in B flat major
S 57: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 58: Partita for wind sextet in G major
S 59: Partita for wind sextet in D major
S 60: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 61: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 62: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 63: Partita for wind sextet in C major
S 64: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 65: Partita for wind sextet in D major
S 66: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 67: Partita for wind sextet in D major
S 68: Partita for wind sextet in A major
S 69: Partita for wind sextet in D major
S 70: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 71: Partita for wind sextet in D major
S 72: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 73: Partita for wind sextet in D major
S 74: Partita for wind sextet in B flat major
S 75: Partita for wind sextet in B flat major
S 76: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 77: Partita for wind sextet in D major
S 78: Partita for wind sextet in A major
S 79: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 80: Partita for wind sextet in B flat major
S 81: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 82: Partita for wind sextet in A major
S 83: Partita for wind sextet in C major
S 84: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 85: Partita for wind sextet in B flat major
S 86: Partita for wind sextet in A major
S 87: Partita for wind sextet in C major
S 88: Partita for wind sextet in F major
S 89: Partita for wind sextet in B flat major
S 90: Trio for 2 violins & continuo in C major
S 91: Trio for 2 violins & continuo in D major
S 92: Trio for 2 violins & continuo in E flat major
S 93: Trio for 2 violins & continuo in B flat major
S 94: Trio for 2 violins & continuo in A major
S 95: Trio for 2 violins & continuo in G major
S 96: Trio for 2 violins & continuo in A major
S 97: Trio for 2 violins & continuo in B flat major
S 98: Divertimento a 3 in D major
S 99: Divertimento a 3 in A major
S 100: Divertimento a 3 in B flat major
S 101: Divertimento a 3 in A major
S 102: Divertimento a 3 in E major
S 103: Divertimento a 3 in E flat major
S 104: Divertimento a 3 in B flat major
S 105: Divertimento a 3 in E major
S 106: Divertimento a 3 in G major
S 107: Divertimento a 3 in C major
S 108: Divertimento a 3 in E flat major
S 109: Divertimento a 3 in B flat major
S 110: Divertimento a 3 in A major
S 111: Noturno for 2 violins & continuo in A minor
S 112: Serenata a 3 in A major
S 113: Divertimento a 4 in A major
S 114: Divertimento a 4 in E major
S 115: Divertimento a 4 in B flat major
S 116: Divertimento a 4 in B flat major
S 117: Divertimento a 4 in C major
S 118: Divertimento a 4 in A major
S 119: Divertimento a 4 in B flat major
S 120: Divertimento a 4 in A major
S 121: Divertimento a 4 in A major
S 122: Divertimento a 4 in A major
S 123: Divertimento a 4 in C major
S 124: Divertimento a 4 in A major
S 125: Divertimento a 4 in E flat major
S 126: Quadro in G major
S 127: Quadro in A major
S 128: Quadro in E major
S 129: Quadro in G major
S 130: Quadro in B flat major
S 131: Quadro in B flat major
S 132: Quadro in E major
S 133: Serenata a 4 in C major
S 134: Serenade in E flat major
S 135: Divertimento a 5 in D major
S 136: Divertimento a 5 in E flat major
S 137: Serenade in F major
S 138: Serenade in D major
S 139: Symphony in E flat major (Altner Es 6)
S 140: Symphony in F major (Altner F 8)
S 141: Symphony in G major (Altner G 1)
S 142: Symphony in D major (Altner D 4)
S 143: Symphony in F major (Altner F 1)
S 144: Symphony in B flat major (Altner B 1)
S 145: Symphony in E major (Altner E 1)
S 146: Symphony in D major (Altner D 5)
S 147: Symphony in F major (Altner F 2)
S 148: Symphony in C major (Altner C 1)
S 149: Symphony in D major (Altner D 6)
S 150: Symphony in E flat major (Altner Es 1)
S 151: Symphony in G major (Altner G 4)
S 152: Symphony in F major (Altner F 3)
S 153: Symphony in D major (Altner D 7)
S 154: Symphony in D major (Altner D 8)
S 155: Symphony in D major (Altner D 9)
S 156: Symphony in B flat major (Altner B 5)
S 157: Symphony in E flat major (Altner Es 2)
S 158: Symphony in D major (Altner D10)
S 159: Symphony in F major (Altner F 7)
S 160: Symphony in G major (Altner G 3)
S 161: Symphony in A major (Altner A 3)
S 162: Symphony in E flat major (Altner Es 5)
S 163: Symphony in A major (Altner A 1)
S 164: Symphony in C major (Altner C 2)
S 165: Symphony in D major (Altner D 2)
S 166: Symphony in F major (Altner F 6)
S 167: Symphony in D major (Altner D 1)
S 168: Symphony in G major (Altner G 2)
S 169: Symphony in E flat major (Altner Es 4)
S 170: Symphony in D major (Altner D11)
S 171: Symphony in B flat major (Altner B 3)
S 172: Symphony in F major (Altner F 4)
S 173: Symphony in A major (Altner A 2)
S 174: Symphony in E flat major (Altner Es 3)
S 175: Symphony in D major (Altner D 3)
S 176: Symphony in B flat major (Altner B 2)
S 177: Symphony in F major (Altner F 5)
S 178: Symphony in B flat major (Altner B 4)
S 179: 13 Menuets
S 180: March in D major
S 181: Kurze Anweisung für das Violoncello (lost)
S 182: Lieder für Kinder und Kinderfreunde
S 183: Mass in G major
S 184: Mass in C major
S 185: Requiem in E flat major
S 186: Pange lingua in C major
S 187: Cantilena funeralis in B flat major
S 188: Missa pastoralis in D major
S 189: Missa de Nativitate in D major (lost)
S 190: Pastorella in G major
S 191: 2 sacred arias for bass
S 192: Offertorium in C major
S 193: Pange lingua in D major
S 194: Te Deum in D major
S 195: Keyboard Sonata in D major (Antonio Duschek)
S 196: Violin Concerto in D major (lost) (Benjamin Duschek)
S 197: Violin Concerto in A major (lost) (Benjamin Duschek)
S 198: Keyboard Sonata in F major (F.F. Dussek)
S 199: Serenade in E flat major (F. Duseck)
S 200: Moses in Egypten (lost) (Franz Dussek)
S 201: Sonata for keyboard & violin (lost) (Franz Dussek)
S 202: Notturno for 3 flutes (lost) (Franz Joseph Dussek)
S deest: Symphony in A major (Altner A 4) (lost)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Freeman 2013, 138-39.
  2. ^ "Mozart Pictures". www.lebrecht.co.uk. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  3. ^ Sydney Morning Herald, 6 July 2011, Composer ranged from jazz to classical
  4. ^ Václav Jan Sýkora. František Xaver Dušek. Život a dílo. Prague, 1958.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]