Franz Benda

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Franz Benda

Franz Benda (Czech: František Benda; baptised 22 November 1709 – 7 March 1786) was a Bohemian violinist and composer. He was the brother of Jiří Antonín Benda, and he worked for much of his life at the court of Frederick the Great.

Benda was born in Bohemia at the town of Staré Benátky. Benda himself claimed to have been born 25 November, but baptism records show he was baptised three days earlier, on 22 November. His actual date of birth seems not to have been recorded, but it was probably no more than a day or two earlier than 22 November.[1]

Benda became the founder of a German school of violin playing. In his youth he was a chorister at Prague and afterward in the Chapel Royal at Dresden. At the same time he began to study the violin, and soon joined a company of strolling musicians who attended fetes, fairs, etc. At eighteen years of age Benda abandoned this wandering life and returned to Prague, going to Vienna, where he pursued his study of the violin under Carl Heinrich Graun, a pupil of Tartini. After two years he was appointed chapel master at Warsaw. In 1732, he entered the service of Frederick the Great, then prince royal of Prussia, with whom he remained the rest of his life. He was a member of the prince royal's band, and later became concertmaster to the king.[2] He played about 50,000 concertos over a period of forty years.[3]

Benda was a master of all the difficulties of violin playing, and the rapidity of his execution and the mellow sweetness of his highest notes were unequalled. He had many pupils and wrote a number of works, chiefly exercises and studies for the violin.[4]

Benda died in Potsdam.

Benda's daughter Juliane Reichardt (1752–1783) and his granddaughter Louise Reichardt (1779–1826) were also composers. More recently there was a František Benda who was a composer of film scores and other works during the 20th century.

The Benda Chamber Orchestra, which carries and honors the name of the Benda musical family, was founded in 1956 in Ústí nad Labem, North Bohemia, Czech Republic.

Works list[5][edit]

Symphonies
L I:1 \ Symphony No. 1 in C major
L I:2 \ Symphony No. 2 in C major
L I:3 \ Symphony No. 3 in D major
L I:4 \ Symphony No. 4 in D major
L I:5 \ Symphony No. 5 in F major
L I:6 \ Symphony No. 6 in G major
L I:7 \ Symphony No. 7 in G major
L I:8 \ Symphony No. 8 in A major
L I:9 \ Symphony No. 9 in B flat major
L I:10 \ Symphony No.10 in B flat major
L I:11 \ Symphony No.11 in E flat major
L I:12 \ Symphony No.12 in F major
L I:13 \ Symphony No.13 in G major
L I:14 \ Symphony No.14 in A major
L I:15 \ Symphony in C major
L I:16 \ Symphony in F major
L I:17 \ Symphony in G major

Concertos
L II:1 \ Violin Concerto in C major
L II:2 \ Violin Concerto in D major
L II:3 \ Violin Concerto in D major
L II:4 \ Violin Concerto in D minor
L II:5 \ Violin Concerto in E flat major
L II:6 \ Violin Concerto in E major
L II:7 \ Violin Concerto in E major (mostly lost)
L II:8 \ Violin Concerto in E major
L II:9 \ Violin Concerto in F major
L II:10 \ Violin Concerto in G major
L II:11 \ Flute Concerto in G major
L II:12 \ Violin Concerto in A flat major
L II:13 \ Violin Concerto in A major
L II:14 \ Violin Concerto in A major
L II:15 \ Violin Concerto in A major
L II:16 \ Flute Concerto in A minor
L II:17 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major
L II:18 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major
L II:19 \ Violin Concerto in C major (Georg Benda)
L II:20 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (Joseph Riepel)
L II:21 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (Johann Benda)
L II:22 \ Violin Concerto in G major (Johann Gottlieb Graun)
L II:23 \ Violin Concerto in E major (lost)
L II:24 \ Violin Concerto in E minor (lost)
L II:25 \ Violin Concerto in G major (lost)
L II:26 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (lost)
L II:27 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (lost)
L II:28 \ Violin Concerto in B minor (lost)

Sonatas for instrument & basso continuo
L III:1 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.3 in C major
L III:2 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:3 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:4 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:5 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:6 \ Flute Sonata in C major
L III:7 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:8 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:9 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:10 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:11 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:12 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:13 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:14 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:15 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:16 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:17 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:18 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:19 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:20 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:21 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:22 \ Flute Sonata in D major
L III:23 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:24 \ Flute Sonata in D major
L III:25 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:26 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:27 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:28 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:29 \ Violin Sonata in D minor
L III:30 \ Violin Sonata in D minor
L III:31 \ Violin Sonata in D minor
L III:32 \ Violin Sonata in D minor
L III:33 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:34 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:35 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:36 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:37 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:38 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:39 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:40 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:41 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:42 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:43 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:44 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:45 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:46 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:47 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.1 in E major
L III:48 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:49 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:50 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:51 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.5 in E major
L III:52 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:53 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:54 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:55 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:56 \ Flute Sonata in E minor
L III:57 \ Flute Sonata in E minor
L III:58 \ Violin Sonata in E minor
L III:59 \ Violin Sonata in E minor
L III:60 \ Violin Sonata in E minor
L III:61 \ Violin Sonata in E minor
L III:62 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:63 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:64 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:65 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:66 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:67 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:68 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:69 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:70 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:71 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:72 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:73 \ Violin Sonata in F minor
L III:74 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:75 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:76 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:77 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:78 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:79 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:80 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:81 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:82 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:83 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:84 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:85 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:86 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:87 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:88 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:89 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:90 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:91 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:92 \ Violin Sonata in A flat major
L III:93 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:94 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:95 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.6 in A major
L III:96 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:97 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:98 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.2 in A major
L III:99 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:100 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:101 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:102 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:103 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:104 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:105 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:106 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:107 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:108 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:109 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:110 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:111 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:112 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:113 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:114 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:115 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:116 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:117 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:118 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:119 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:120 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:121 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.4 in A minor
L III:122 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:123 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:124 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:125 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:126 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:127 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:128 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:129 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:130 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:131 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:132 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:133 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:134 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:135 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:136 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:137 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:138 \ Violin Sonata in B flat minor
L III:139 \ Violin Sonata in B minor
L III:140 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:141 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:142 \ Flute Sonata in D major
L III:143 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:144 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:145 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:146 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:147 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:148 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:149 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:150 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:151 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:152 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:153 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:154 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:155 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:156 \ Oboe Sonata in B flat major
L III:157 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:158 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:159 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:160 \ Sonata for keyboard & flute Op. 5 No.2 in C major
L III:161 \ Sonata for keyboard & flute Op. 5 No.3 in E major
L III:162 \ Sonata for keyboard & flute Op. 5 No.1 in F major
L III:163 \ Violin Sonata in G major (Friedrich Ludwig Benda)
L III:164 \ Violin Sonata in A major (Joseph Benda)
L III:165 \ Violin Sonata in F major (lost)
L III:166 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:167 \ Violin Sonata in A minor (lost)
L III:168 \ Violin Sonata in C minor (lost)
L III:169 \ Violin Sonata in D major (lost)
L III:170 \ Flute Sonata in D major (lost)
L III:171 \ Violin Sonata in D major (lost)
L III:172 \ Oboe Sonata in D minor (lost)
L III:173 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major (lost)
L III:174 \ Bassoon Sonata in F major (lost)
L III:175 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:176 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:177 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:178 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:179 \ Violin Sonata in A minor (lost)
L III:180 \ Oboe Sonata in B flat major (lost)
L III:181 \ Bassoon Sonata in B flat major (lost)
L III:182 \ Bassoon Sonata in B flat major (lost)

Trio Sonatas
L IV:1 \ Sonata for 2 flutes & continuo in G major
L IV:2 \ Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in A major
L IV:3 \ Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in D major (Graun)
L IV:4 \ Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in G major (Graun)
L IV:5 \ Sonata for violin, keyboard & continuo in D major (lost)
L IV:6 \ Sonata for violin, bassoon & continuo in F major (lost)
L IV:7 \ Sonata for flute & keyboard obligato in G major
L IV:8 \ Sonata for violin, flute & continuo in G major (lost)
L IV:9 \ Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in B flat major (lost)
L IV:10 \ Sonata for violin & keyboard in B flat major (lost)

Duets for 2 violins
L V:1 \ Violins Duet No. 1 in C major
L V:2 \ Violins Duet No. 5 in C major
L V:3 \ Violins Duet No. 2 in C major
L V:4 \ Violins Duet No. 8 in C major
L V:5 \ Violins Duet No.11 in C major
L V:6 \ Violins Duet No. 4 in C major
L V:7 \ Violins Duet No. 9 in C major
L V:8 \ Violins Duet No. 3 in C major
L V:9 \ Violins Duet No.22 in C minor
L V:10 \ Violins Duet No.21 in C minor
L V:11 \ Violins Duet No.19 in D major
L V:12 \ Violins Duet No.20 in D major
L V:13 \ Violins Duet No.18 in D minor
L V:14 \ Violins Duet No.13 in E minor
L V:15 \ Violins Duet No.17 in F major
L V:16 \ Violins Duet No.10 in G major
L V:17 \ Violins Duet No.16 in G major
L V:18 \ Violins Duet No.12 in G major
L V:19 \ Violins Duet No. 6 in G major
L V:20 \ Violins Duet No. 7 in G major
L V:21 \ Violins Duet No.14 in A minor
L V:22 \ Violins Duet No.15 in A minor
L V:23 \ Violins Duet in C major
L V:24 \ Violins Duet in C major
L V:25 \ Violins Duet in C major
L V:26 \ Violins Duet in E flat major
L V:27 \ Violins Duet in E minor
L V:28 \ Violins Duet in F major
L V:29 \ Violins Duet in F major
L V:30 \ Violins Duet in G major
L V:31 \ Violins Duet in A minor

Solo Violin
L VI:1 \ Violin Capriccio No.62 in C major
L VI:2 \ Violin Capriccio No. 1 in C major
L VI:3 \ Violin Capriccio No.39 in C major
L VI:4 \ Violin Capriccio No.69 in C minor
L VI:5 \ Violin Capriccio No. 6 in C minor
L VI:6 \ Violin Capriccio No.48 in C minor
L VI:7 \ Violin Capriccio No.61 in C minor
L VI:8 \ Violin Capriccio No.70 in C minor
L VI:9 \ Violin Capriccio No.41 in C minor
L VI:10 \ Violin Capriccio No.18 in C sharp major
L VI:11 \ Violin Capriccio No.20 in D flat major
L VI:12 \ Violin Capriccio No.15 in C sharp minor
L VI:13 \ Violin Capriccio No.42 in D major
L VI:14 \ Violin Capriccio No. 4 in D major
L VI:15 \ Violin Capriccio in D major (fragment)
L VI:16 \ Violin Capriccio No.92 in D major
L VI:17 \ Violin Capriccio No.94 in D major
L VI:18 \ Violin Capriccio No.25 in D minor
L VI:19 \ Violin Capriccio No.30 in E flat major
L VI:20 \ Violin Capriccio No.28 in E flat major
L VI:21 \ Violin Capriccio No.65 in E flat major
L VI:22 \ Violin Capriccio No.91 in E flat major
L VI:23 \ Violin Capriccio No. 7 in E flat major
L VI:24 \ Violin Capriccio No.90 in E flat major
L VI:25 \ Violin Capriccio No.64 in E flat major
L VI:26 \ Violin Capriccio No.36 in E flat minor
L VI:27 \ Violin Capriccio No.34 in E major
L VI:28 \ Violin Capriccio No.14 in E major
L VI:29 \ Violin Capriccio No.13 in E minor
L VI:30 \ Violin Capriccio No.71 in F major
L VI:31 \ Violin Capriccio No.33 in F major
L VI:32 \ Violin Capriccio No.24 in F major
L VI:33 \ Violin Capriccio No.29 in F major
L VI:34 \ Violin Capriccio No.95 in F major
L VI:35 \ Violin Capriccio No.72 in F major
L VI:36 \ Violin Capriccio No.27 in F minor
L VI:37 \ Violin Capriccio No.93 in F minor
L VI:38 \ Violin Capriccio No.96 in F minor
L VI:39 \ Violin Capriccio No.22 in F minor
L VI:40 \ Violin Capriccio No.17 in F sharp major
L VI:41 \ Violin Capriccio No.37 in G flat major
L VI:42 \ Violin Capriccio No.16 in F sharp minor
L VI:43 \ Violin Capriccio in G major
L VI:44 \ Violin Capriccio No.51 in G major
L VI:45 \ Violin Capriccio No.11 in G major
L VI:46 \ Violin Capriccio No.12 in G major
L VI:47 \ Violin Capriccio in G major
L VI:48 \ Violin Capriccio No.35 in G major
L VI:49 \ Violin Capriccio No.89 in G minor
L VI:50 \ Violin Capriccio No.40 in G minor
L VI:51 \ Violin Capriccio No. 8 in G minor
L VI:52 \ Violin Capriccio No.38 in A major
L VI:53 \ Violin Capriccio No. 9 in A major
L VI:54 \ Violin Capriccio No.26 in A major
L VI:55 \ Violin Capriccio No.31 in A major
L VI:56 \ Violin Capriccio No.98 in A major
L VI:57 \ Violin Capriccio No.97 in A major
L VI:58 \ Violin Capriccio No.10 in A major
L VI:59 \ Violin Capriccio No. 3 in A minor
L VI:60 \ Violin Capriccio No.21 in A minor
L VI:61 \ Violin Capriccio No. 2 in A minor
L VI:62 \ Violin Capriccio No.23 in B flat major
L VI:63 \ Violin Capriccio No.32 in B flat major
L VI:64 \ Violin Capriccio No.57 in B flat major
L VI:65 \ Violin Capriccio No.47 in B flat major
L VI:66 \ Violin Capriccio No.19 in B flat minor
L VI:67 \ Violin Capriccio No. 5 in B minor
L VI:68 \ Violin Capriccio in G major
L VI:69 \ Violin Capriccio in G major
L VI:70 \ Violin Capriccio No.59 in C major (lost)
L VI:71 \ Violin Capriccio No.84 in C major (lost)
L VI:72 \ Violin Capriccio No.75 in C major (lost)
L VI:73 \ Violin Capriccio No.68 in C major (lost)
L VI:74 \ Violin Capriccio No.83 in C major (lost)
L VI:75 \ Violin Capriccio No.60 in C major (lost)
L VI:76 \ Violin Capriccio No.55a in D major (lost)
L VI:77 \ Violin Capriccio No.81 in D major (lost)
L VI:78 \ Violin Capriccio No.80 in D major (lost)
L VI:79 \ Violin Capriccio No.74 in D major (lost)
L VI:80 \ Violin Capriccio No.78 in D major (lost)
L VI:81 \ Violin Capriccio No.56 in D major (lost)
L VI:82 \ Violin Capriccio No.66 in D minor (lost)
L VI:83 \ Violin Capriccio No.58 in E flat major (lost)
L VI:84 \ Violin Capriccio No.67 in E minor (lost)
L VI:85 \ Violin Capriccio No.53 in E minor (lost)
L VI:86 \ Violin Capriccio No.63 in F major (lost)
L VI:87 \ Violin Capriccio No.50 in F minor (lost)
L VI:88 \ Violin Capriccio No.82 in G major (lost)
L VI:89 \ Violin Capriccio No.79 in G major (lost)
L VI:90 \ Violin Capriccio No.73 in G major (lost)
L VI:91 \ Violin Capriccio No.76 in G major (lost)
L VI:92 \ Violin Capriccio No.52 in G minor (lost)
L VI:93 \ Violin Capriccio No.54 in G minor (lost)
L VI:94 \ Violin Capriccio No.44 in A major (lost)
L VI:95 \ Violin Capriccio No.49 in A major (lost)
L VI:96 \ Violin Capriccio No.88 in A major (lost)
L VI:97 \ Violin Capriccio No.43 in A major (lost)
L VI:98 \ Violin Capriccio No.46 in A minor (lost)
L VI:99 \ Violin Capriccio No.55 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:100 \ Violin Capriccio No.77 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:101 \ Violin Capriccio No.86 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:102 \ Violin Capriccio No.87 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:103 \ Violin Capriccio No.85 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:104 \ Violin Capriccio No.45 in B minor (lost)
L VI:105 \ Violin Capriccio in D major (lost)
L VI:106 \ Violin Capriccio in E flat major (lost)
L VI:107 \ Violin Capriccio in A major (lost)
L VI:108 \ Violin Capriccio in A major (lost)
L VI:109 \ Violin Capriccio in B flat major (lost)
L VI:110 \ Violin Capriccio in B flat major (lost)

Miscellaneous works
L VII:1 \ Dragonermarsch in D major
L VII:2 \ Piece for mechanical clock in G major
L VII:3 \ 3 Odes
L deest \ Harp Sonata in D major

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Six sonatas for solo violin and continuo: with embellished versions By Franz Benda, Douglas A. Lee
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Benda, Franz". Encyclopedia Americana. 
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Benda, Franz". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ In a 2010 re-release of recordings by Jean-Pierre Rampal (4-CD box set by Membran Music), two recordings of Benda's work have been included: Flute Concerto in e minor (Prague Chamber Orchestra with Milan Munclinger directing, recorded 1956), and Flute Sonata with Harpsichord in F Major (with Victorie Svihlikova on the harpsichord, recorded 1955). Neither of these works has been cited in the list of Benda's work here. According to the CD liner notes, Benda wrote 4 flute concertos.

External links[edit]