Franz A. Bischoff (January 14, 1864-February 5, 1929) was an American artist known primarily for his beautiful China painting, floral paintings and California landscapes. He was born in Steinschönau, Austria (now known as Kamenický Šenov, Czech Republic) on January 14, 1864. He immigrated to the United States as a teenager where he became a naturalized citizen. While in Europe, his early training was focused upon applied design, watercolor and ceramic decorations.
After arriving in the United States, Bischoff worked in New York, Fostoria, Ohio, Detroit, Michigan and Dearborn, Michigan. While in Detroit and Dearborn, he gained success as a painter of porcelain, and as a teacher of the techniques, as well as a manufacturer of ceramic glazes as well as a teacher of watercolor painting.
Franz Bischoff decided to visit California in 1900 and ultimately chose to settle in the Los Angeles area in 1906. Shortly after arriving, he started making arrangements to design and build a large Italian Renaissance style home in Pasadena that also became his studio. This landmark home was completed in 1908.
Bischoff was one of the earliest members of the California Art Club, and the group's second meeting was held at his studio on February 5, 1910. Also present at that meeting were Carl Oscar Borg and William Wendt.
Inspired by the California countryside, Bischoff attempted to capture the area's brilliant light and diverse landscapes. Spending less time with ceramic painting following the start of World War I, Bischoff took up canvas painting. He painted local farms, fishing wharfs, coastal landscapes and scenes of the Sierra Nevada and the mountains of Utah, including Zion National Park. Recognized during his career for use of color and vivid composition, his paintings always displayed reverence for nature. One critic commented that some of his later works flirted with Expressionism and his use of colors were reminiscent of Fauvism. Franz Bischoff died of heart failure at home in his adopted city of South Pasadena, California on February 5, 1929.
- Huntington Prize, California Art Club, 1924
Galleries & public collections
- Laguna Beach Museum of Art, Laguna Beach, California
- Irvine Museum, Irvine, California
- Gardena High School, Gardena, California
- The Oakland Museum, California
- Literature: Hughes, Edan Milton, Artists in California, 1786-1940, 1989
- Literature: Westphal, Ruth Lily, Plein Air Painters of the Southland, 1996
- Stern, Jean; Shields, Scott A. (2010). Franz A. Bischoff: the Life & Art of an American Master. Irvine, California: The Irvine Museum. ISBN 978-0-9821201-5-6.
- Landauer, Susan; Gerdts, William H.; Trenton, Patricia (2003). The not-so-still life: a century of California painting and sculpture. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. p. 207.
- Poulton, Donna L.; Swanson, Vern G.; Hagerty, Donald J. (2009). Painters of Utah's Canyons and Deserts. Gibbs Smith. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-4236-0184-5.