Franz Kohlauf

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Franz Kohlauf
Franz Kohlauf.jpg
Born (1910-12-03)3 December 1910
Klosterbeuren district of Memmingen
Died 26 April 1944(1944-04-26) (aged 33)
bay of Saint Malo
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Kriegsmarine
Rank Fregattenkapitän
Commands held torpedo boat Seeadler
torpedo boat Jaguar
4. Torpedobootflottille
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Franz Kohlauf (3 December 1910 – 26 April 1944) was a Fregattenkapitän with the Kriegsmarine during World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He was killed in action when Torpedoboot T-29 was sunk by HMCS Haida.

He commanded the 4. Torpedo Boat Flotilla, consisting of large Elbing-class torpedo boats, among others. Kohlauf led the five torpedo boats T-23, T-26, T-27, T-22 and T-25 in a night battle on 22/23 October 1943 in which the Germans sunk the British cruiser HMS Charybdis and escort destroyer HMS Limbourne, without losses.[1] After this action, he was awarded the Knight's Cross.

In December 28 of that year he fought in the Battle of the Bay of Biscay but managed to escape harm.

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ (Polish) Albert W. Dawidowicz, Feralny "Tunel" in: Morza, Statki i Okręty nr. 4/2004, p.36
  2. ^ a b c d e Dörr 1995, p. 354.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 267.
  4. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 462.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dörr, Manfred (1995). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Überwasserstreitkräfte der Kriegsmarine—Band 1: A–K [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Surface Forces of the Navy—Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2453-2. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • OÕHara, Vincent (2013). The German Fleet at War, 1939–1945. Annapolis, Md: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-61251-397-3. 
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Navy]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.