Franz Samuel Karpe

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Franz Samuel Karpe
Franc Samuel Karpe.jpg
Born (1747-11-17)November 17, 1747
Kranj, Duchy of Carniola (today Slovenia)
Died September 4, 1806(1806-09-04) (aged 58)
Vienna, Austria
Fields Philosophy
Institutions University of Olomouc
University of Vienna
Alma mater University of Vienna

Franz Samuel Karpe, Slovene: Franc Samuel Karpe, Czech: František Samuel Karpe (November 17, 1747 - September 4, 1806) was a Slovenian philosopher and rector of University of Olomouc.

Biography[edit]

Franz Samuel Karpe was born in Kranj, Carniola (nowadays Slovenia), to a townsman's family. His parents died soon and subsequently Count Lichteberg's family assumed responsibility for his upbringing and education. Karpe entered a Jesuit college in Ljubljana, which he finished in 1768.[1]

In 1769 Karpe moved to Vienna, where he studied law and philosophy. He graduated university in 1773. One year later Karpe assumed position of professor of logic, metaphysics and moral philosophy at the University of Olomouc. In 1777 he became the director of Faculty of Philosophy with pay of 600 gulden a year[2] (for comparison, professor of law Josef Vratislav Monse was paid 900). At the same time he was also assessor at the university's Academic Court.[1]

The University was relocated to Brno in years 1778-1782. In Brno, Karpe taught also pedagogy. In 1781 Karpe became the university's Rector.[1]

Karpe was ardent admirer of Leibniz and Wolff, but a critic of Kant[3] and advocate of deism and empiricism following Locke.[4] He was one of the few philosophers of the era, who were allowed to be published by the censors of the Vienna court's study commission.[5]

In 1786 Karpe became professor of philosophy at University of Vienna, where he remained until his death in 1806.[1] He taught his students in the spirit of Ruđer Bošković and strongly criticised Bošković's opponent Immanuel Kant.[6]

Main works[edit]

Karpe's works can be divided into Olomouc and Vienna period.

  • Argumentum tentaminis, ex philosophia rationali in conspectu tabellari exhititum, Olomouc 1776
  • Filum tentaminis, ex philosophia speculativa, Olomouc 1776
  • Erklärung der Logik, Metaphysik und praktischen Philosophie nach Feders Leitfaden, Vienna 1793
  • Darstellung der Philosophie ohne Beinamen in einem Lehrbegriffe als Leitfaden bei der Anleitung zum liberalen Philosophieren, Vienna 1802 - 1803 (The work consists of three fascicles about theory of philosophy (psychology, logics, metaphysics) and three fascicles about practical philosophy (general practical philosophy, moral philosophy - ethics, legal philosophy))
  • Institutiones philosophiae dogmaticae perpetua Kantianae disciplinae ratione habita, Vienna 1804 (Latin version of the theory of philosophy)
  • Institutiones philosophiae moralis, Vienna 1804 (Latin version of the practical philosophy)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (Slovene)"Franc Samuel Karpe". jurisprudentia.net. Retrieved 2011-04-22. 
  2. ^ (German) Winiker; Kaiserlich-Königliche Mährisch-Schlesische Gesellschaft des Ackerbaues, der Natur- und Landeskunde Historisch-Statistische Section (1857), Schriften der Historisch-Statistischen Section der K.K. Mährisch-Schlesischen Gesellschaft des Ackerbaues, der Natur- und Landeskunde (10 ed.) 
  3. ^ (English) Luthar, Otto (1991), The land between: a history of Slovenia 
  4. ^ (English) Jerman, Frane, THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY IN SLOVENIA: A BRIEF SKETCH 13 (1 ed.), Slovene Studies 
  5. ^ (English) Ubel, Thomas Ernst (1991), Rediscovering the forgotten Vienna Circle: Austrian studies on Otto Neurath and the Vienna Circle, Springer 
  6. ^ Južnič, Stanislav (24 April 2012). "Dobro vidne Boškovićeve sledi v Ljubljani" [Well-visible Traces of Bošković in Ljubljana]. Delo.si (in Slovene). ISSN 1854-6544.