Prince Georg of Bavaria
|Prince Georg of Bavaria|
|Born||April 2, 1880|
|Died||May 31, 1943(aged 63)|
|Place of death||Rome, Italy|
|Buried||Campo Santo Teutonico, Rome|
|Consort||Archduchess Isabella of Austria|
|Royal House||House of Wittelsbach|
|Father||Prince Leopold of Bavaria|
|Mother||Archduchess Gisela of Austria|
Birth and family
Georg was born in Munich, Bavaria, the elder son of Prince Leopold of Bavaria and his wife Archduchess Gisela of Austria. The New York Times described him as the favourite grandson of both the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and the Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria.
Georg entered the Bavarian army as a Second Lieutenant (German: Leutnant) a day before his 17th birthday on April 1, 1897; he was assigned to Infanterie-Leib-Regiment. On February 8, 1903, he was promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant (German: Oberleutnant) and then re-assigned to the 1st Royal Bavarian Heavy Cavalry “Prince Charles of Bavaria”. Two years later, on October 27, 1905 he was promoted to Rittmeister and on October 26, 1906 to Major. From August 17, 1908, he was also a Rittmeister and later Major in the 11th "Moravia" Austro-Hungarian Dragoons. While in the army, he became a champion boxer.
In December 1911 Georg became engaged to Archduchess Isabella of Austria (b. November 17, 1888 in Pressburg), daughter of Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen, and his wife, Princess Isabella of Croy. The wedding took place on February 10, 1912, in the Mariä Vermählung [Marriage of the Virgin Mary] Chapel in the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, officiated by Cardinal Franz Nagl.
The couple honeymooned in Wales, Paris and Algiers, but separated before the end of the honeymoon. There were several unsuccessful attempts at reconciliation. On January 17, 1913, the union was dissolved by the Royal Bavarian Supreme Court; on March 5, 1913, the union was annulled by the Holy See on the grounds of non-consummation.
Isabella became a nurse in the Austrian army during World War I. During the war, she fell in love with the surgeon Paul Albrecht (1873–1928) and was briefly engaged to him until Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria forbade the marriage. She never married again, and died in La Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland on December 6, 1973.
World War I
During World War I, Georg fought both on the Western Front (including the First Battle of Arras and the First Battle of Ypres) and on the Eastern Front. He started the war as commander of the Bavarian mechanized troops and eventually served under General Erich von Falkenhayn in Palestine. He was awarded both the I and II Class of the Iron Cross and on December 14, 1917 reached the rank of Colonel (German: Oberst).
In 1919 Georg resigned his military career and began studying theology in Innsbruck, Austria. He was ordained a Catholic priest on March 19, 1921, and shortly afterwards received a doctorate in canon law from the Catholic Faculty of Theology at the University of Innsbruck. He continued his religious studies in Rome and in 1925 graduated from the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy.
On November 18, 1926, Pope Pius XI named Georg a domestic prelate with the title Monsignor. In the 1930s, Georg was appointed a secular canon at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. On November 12, 1941 Pope Pius XII named Georg a protonotary apostolic de numero participantium (one of the highest ranks of monsignor).
Throughout his time in Rome, Georg lived at Villa San Francesco with the Franciscan Brothers of Waldbreitbach. He maintained regular contact with his family, including his first cousin Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria who moved to Rome in 1939. He was also in regular contact with other royal and princely houses; in 1930 he attended the Rome wedding of the Prince of Piedmont (later King Umberto II of Italy) to Princess Marie-José of Belgium, and in 1935 he attended the Rome wedding of Infante Jaime of Spain. In 1938, as grand prior of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George he arranged the transfer of the remains of King Francis II of the Two Sicilies and of his wife Queen Maria Sophie from Schloss Tegernsee in Bavaria to the Chiesa del Santo Spirito in Rome.
On May 31, 1943, Georg died at Villa San Francesco. One source says that he had been ill for some time. Another source says that he died unexpectedly of tuberculosis contracted while working at a hospital. He is buried in the Campo Santo Teutonico, the German cemetery immediately outside the walls of Vatican City. In his will he left money to pay for new bronze doors for St. Peter's Basilica; these include the "Door of Death" by Giacomo Manzù and the "Door of the Sacraments" by Venanzo Crocetti.
A few writers (e.g. Martha Schad ) maintain that after the death of his father in 1930, Georg became the successor to the Greek rights of his great-uncle King Otto of Greece who was deposed in 1862. Georg's uncle Ludwig and his descendants were more senior, but Ludwig had renounced his Greek rights in 1869. However, the Greek Constitution of 1844 required that the successor of King Otto "shall profess the Greek Orthodox religion."  As a Catholic, Georg was thereby excluded from the succession.
Georg was a Grand Prior of the Order of Saint George, a Knight of the Order of Saint Hubert, a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, and a Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. as well as a Bailiff Grand Cross of Justice decorated with the Collar of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George. He was President of the Royal Automobile Club of Bavaria (Königlich Bayerischer Automobil-Club). In 1911 he became Protector of the Bavarian branch of the German Navy League. In 1929 he became a member of the Archconfraternity of the Suffering Mother of God in the Campo Santo Teutonico.
Decorations and honors 
- Order of Saint Hubert (1898)
- Royal Order of Saint George for the Defense of the Immaculate Conception
- Order of the Black Eagle (1910)
- Iron Cross 2nd Class (1914)
- Iron Cross 1st Class (1915)
- Cross of the Mount of Olives (1910)
Other German states
- Duchies of Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Saxe-Meiningen: Ducal Saxe-Ernestine House Order (1907)
- Austria-Hungary: Order of the Golden Fleece (1900)
- Tuscany: Order of Saint Joseph (1901)
- Romania: Order of the Star of Romania (1902)
- China: Order of the Double Dragon (1903)
- Korea: Grand Order of the Plum Blossoms (Lihwa Taehunjang) (1903)
- Portugal: Order of the Tower and Sword (1906)
- Spain: Military Order of Our Lady of Monteza (1907)
- Ottoman Empire: Order of Glory (Nichan Iftikar) (1908)
- Bulgaria: Order of St. Alexander (1908)
|Ancestors of Prince Georg of Bavaria|
- "Mgr. Prince George of Bavaria Was 63", New York Times (June 2, 1943): 25.
- Almanach de Gotha: annuaire généalogique, diplomatique, et statistique 1910 (Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1910), 15.
- "Forthcoming Marriages", The Times (December 12, 1911): 11.
- Martha Schad, Kaiserin Elisabeth und ihre Töchter (München: Langen Müller, 1998), 37.
- Albrecht Weiland, Der Campo Santo Teutonico in Rom und Seine Grabdenmäler (Rome: Herder, 1988), 185.
- Radziwill, Princess Catherine. The Austrian Court From Within. London: 1916.
- Weiland, 185-186.
- Pontificia Accademia Ecclesiastica, Ex-alunni 1900–1949
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis 18 (1 decembris 1926): 510.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis 33 (23 decembris 1941): 520.
- Weiland, 186.
- Luciano Regolo, La regina incompresa: tutto il racconto della vita di Maria José di Savoia (Milano: Simonelli, 1997), 414.
- Begoña Aranguren, Emanuela de Dampierre, Memorias: Esposa y madre de los Borbones que pudieron reinar en España (Madrid: Esfera, 2003), 105.
- Paolo Bardi, Roma Piemontese (1870-1876) (Rome: Bardi, 1970), 123.
- "La morte di Mons. Giorgio di Baviera", Osservatore Romano (2 giugno, 1943): 2.
- Schad, 37.
- Weiland, 185, which includes a description of his tombstone.
- Bill Pepper Curtis, An Artist and the Pope (New York: Madison Square Press, 1968), 120.
- Martha Schad, Kaiserin Elisabeth und ihre Töchter (München: Langen Müller, 1998)
- Charles A. Frazee, The Orthodox Church and Independent Greece, 1821-1852 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1969): 162.
- Almanach de Gotha 1910, 15.
- Royal Automobile Club Year Book 1912 (London: Royal Automobile Club , 1912), 188.
- "German Navy League", The Times (May 4, 1911): 5.
- Dominique Egret, Arno Breker: Ein Leben für das Schöne (Tübingen: Grabert, 1996), no. 82.
- Decorations as of 1914 from the Bavarian War Ministry, Militär-Handbuch des Königreichs Bayern, 1914. World War I decorations from award rolls, Erhard Roth, Verleihungen von militärischen Orden und Ehrenzeichen des Königreichs Bayern im Ersten Weltkrieg, 1997 (ISBN 3-932543-19-X), and Ferry W. von Péter, Verleihungen nichtbayerischer Orden und Ehrenzeichen an bayerischer Militärangehörige 1914-1918, 2001 (ISBN 3-932543-25-0)
- Marriage. Wiener Zeitung, February 11, 1912, p. 1.
- "The Austro-Bavarian Marriage", The Times, February 10, 1912, p. 5.
- "The Austro-Bavarian Marriage", The Times, February 12, 1912, p. 5.
- "Prince and Bride Part", New York Times, September 20, 1912, p. 4.
- "Prince's Marriage Voided", New York Times, October 7, 1912, p. 1.
- "Won't Annul Marriage", New York Times, October 12, 1912, p. 4.
- "Princess Seeks Divorce", New York Times, November 5, 1912, p. 8.
- "Royal Marriage Has Been Dissolved", New York Times, January 18, 1913, p. 3.
- "Prince George of Bavaria", The Times, January 18, 1913, p. 5.
- "Dissolution of a Royal Marriage", The Times, April 28, 1913, p. 5.
- "Mgr. Prince George of Bavaria Was 63". New York Times, June 2, 1943, p. 25.
- Schad, Martha. Kaiserin Elisabeth und ihre Töchter. München: Langen Müller, 1998.
Prince Georg of BavariaBorn: 2 April 1880 Died: 31 May 1943
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —
King of Greece