Fraserburg

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For the Scottish town, see Fraserburgh.
Fraserburg
Top: skyline of Fraserburg at dusk. Left: the Dutch Reformed Church on the main street. Middle right: town's post office. Bottom right: a Corbelled House built by Trekboers before the town was established.
Top: skyline of Fraserburg at dusk. Left: the Dutch Reformed Church on the main street. Middle right: town's post office. Bottom right: a Corbelled House built by Trekboers before the town was established.
Fraserburg is located in South Africa
Fraserburg
Fraserburg
 Fraserburg shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 31°54′52″S 21°30′43″E / 31.91444°S 21.51194°E / -31.91444; 21.51194Coordinates: 31°54′52″S 21°30′43″E / 31.91444°S 21.51194°E / -31.91444; 21.51194
Country South Africa
Province Northern Cape
District Namakwa
Municipality Karoo Hoogland
Area[1]
 • Total 98.88 km2 (38.18 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 3,029
 • Density 31/km2 (79/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 4.8%
 • Coloured 84.8%
 • Indian/Asian 0.6%
 • White 9.5%
 • Other 0.3%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 95.8%
 • Xhosa 1.3%
 • Other 3.0%
Postal code (street) 6960
PO box 6960
Area code 023

Fraserburg is a town in the Karoo region of South Africa's Northern Cape province. It is situated at an altitude of 1,260m on a high Karoo plateau, north of the Nuweveld Mountains. It is currently included in the southern Namakwa DM. The town has some of the coldest winters in South Africa.

The nearest towns are Williston, Sutherland, Loxton and Leeu-Gamka, all of which are more than 100 km distant.

A particularly good example of a Corbelled house can be found in the town, there are others in the district. Fraserburg is also well known for the large number of unique and well preserved fossil finds that litter the surrounding area.

History[edit]

It was established in 1851 on the farm Rietfontein, and named after the Scottish immigrant Reverend Colin Fraser.[2] Prior to the town establishment the earliest known inhabitants of the area were the San people and their artifacts can still be found in the area. The first Europeans to arrive in the region were Trekboers who arrived in 1759. The first settler to be recorded in these parts was Willem Steenkamp, after whom the Steenkampsberg is named.[3] There are many Victorian era houses in the town dating to the era of the Wool boom in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

A view of the Fraserburg skyline at dusk. The windmills that the Karoo is famous for are clearly visible in the foreground and background.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Fraserburg". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Raper, P.E. (2004). South African Place Names. Jonathan Ball, Jhb & Cape Town. p. 105. ISBN 1-86842-190-2. 
  3. ^ "Fraserburg, Northern Cape, South Africa". Lodge Safaris. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 

External links[edit]