Domingo de Santo Tomás

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Fray Domingo de Santo Tomás
Museo de Arte de San Marcos collection.

Fray Domingo de Santo Tomás, O.P. (1499 – 28 February 1570) was a Spanish Dominican missionary and grammarian in the Viceroyalty of Peru. He compiled the first Quechua language grammar.

History[edit]

Santo Tomás was born in Seville, Spain. He arrived in Spanish colonial Viceroyalty of Peru in 1540, founding the convent and city of Yungay on 4 August 1540.

For the purpose of Indian Reductions, he learned the Quechua language dialect spoken along the Peruvian coast near Lima. The coastal dialect of Quechua was significantly different from that of Cuzco, which was described by Diego González Holguín in the early 17th century.

In 1545, he was elected prior of the Convento del Santísimo Rosario in Lima. In 1549 he created the "Tasa" of Lima, with Fray Jeronimo de Loayza and Fray Tomás de San Martín.

In 1560 he published his Grammatica o arte de la lengua general de los indios de los Reynos del Perú in Valladolid, the first book printed in the Quechua language. In the same year appeared his Lexicon, o Vocabulario de la lengua general del PERV.

Domingo de Santo Tomás died in 1570, in La Plata (Sucre), the Bolivia region of the Viceroyalty of Peru.

Works[edit]

  • Grammatica o Arte de la lengua general de los Indios de los Reynos del Peru (Valladolid, 1560). [1]
  • Lexicon o Vocabulario de la lengua general del Peru (1560). [2]
  • Plática para todos los Indios (1560).

References[edit]