Freccia-class destroyer

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Freccia class
RCT Freccia cartolina.jpg
Italian destroyer Freccia
Class overview
Operators:  Regia Marina
Greece Royal Hellenic Navy
Built: 1929–33
In commission: 1931–46
Completed: 8
Lost: 6
Scrapped: 2
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1,205 long tons (1,224 t) standard
2,116 long tons (2,150 t) full load
Length: 96.15 m (315 ft 5 in)
Beam: 9.75 m (32 ft 0 in)
Draught: 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)
Installed power: 44,000 shp (33,000 kW)
Propulsion: 2 shafts, Parsons type geared steam turbines
3 boilers
Speed: 38 knots (70 km/h; 44 mph)
Range: 4,600 nmi (8,500 km; 5,300 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement: 185
Armament: 2 × 2 - 120 mm (4.7 in) guns[1]
2 × 40 mm "pom-pom" AA guns
4 × 13.2 mm machine guns
6 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes
54 mines

The Freccia class destroyer was a class of destroyers built for the Regia Marina, the Italian Royal Navy, in the 1930s. It was basically an enlarged version of the earlier Turbine class destroyers. Four modified ships were built and delivered in 1933 for Greece.

List of ships of Freccia class[edit]

Italian Navy[edit]

Built by Odero, Sestri Ponente,
launched September 6, 1930 – completed 25 January 1932
Captured by the Germans and renamed TA31. Scuttled on April 24, 1945.
Built by CT Riva Trigioso,
launched August 3, 1930 – completed 21 October 1931
In the Spanish Civil War, on 15 August 1937, she torpedoed and damaged the Panamanian tanker George McKnight off Tunis.
Sunk on August 8, 1943 off Genoa by bombing.
built by CT Riva Trigioso,
launched January 17, 1932 – completed 10 May 1932
In the Spanish Civil War, on 11 August 1937, she torpedoed and sank the Spanish Republican tanker Campeador in the strait of Sicily.
Sunk by a mine on February 3, 1943 with the loss of 170 men including Lt. Cdr. Enea Picchio, the commanding officer, while 39 men survived.
Built by Odero, Sestri Ponente,
launched March 26, 1931 – completed 6 February 1932
Rammed and sunk UK submarine HMS Odin on 14 June 1940. Beached herself on June 21, 1942 near Cape Bon and was finished off by torpedoes from UK submarine HMS Turbulent.

Hellenic Navy[edit]

The Greek Navy ordered four destroyers from Italy in 1929 to a modified design as the Kondouriotis class. The chief difference with the Italian ships was the substitution of four single 120 mm guns (Ansaldo Model 1926) for the twin turrets used in the Italian Navy ships.

Built by Odero, Sestri Ponente, launched 21 October 1931, commissioned November 1932
Sunk by German aircraft, April 22, 1941.
Built by Odero, Sestri Ponente, commissioned May 1933
Served in World War II, decommissioned in 1946, Scrapped 1947.
Built by Odero, Sestri Ponente, commissioned May 1933
sunk by German aircraft, April 20, 1941.
built by Odero, Sestri Ponente, launched 29 August 1931, commissioned November 1932
served in World War II, decommissioned and scrapped in 1946.

The two surviving ships, Spetsai and Kondouriotis, served in the Eastern Meditarranean as part of the Free Greek Navy until late 1943. They were then laid up at Port Said, Egypt for want of Italian spare parts, and because their crews were needed for new ships built in the UK for the Free Greek Navy.

Sources[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. pp. 335–338. ISBN 0-87021-459-4.