Fred Albert Shannon
|Fred Albert Shannon|
February 12, 1893|
|Died||4 June 1963(aged 70)|
|Resting place||Mount Hope Cemetery, Urbana, Illinois|
Fred Albert Shannon (February 12, 1893 – February 4, 1963) was an American historian and a Pulitzer Prize winner. He had many publications related to American history, and he won the Pulitzer Prize for History for The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861-1865.
Shannon was born February 12, 1893, in Sedalia, Missouri, the son of Louis Tecumseh Shannon and Sarah Margaret (Sparks) Shannon. By 1900 his family was living in Harrison Township, Clay County, Indiana.
Shannon completed a B.A degree at the Indiana State Teachers College and an M.A. degree at Indiana University in 1918. He worked as a school teacher, and then became professor of history at Iowa Wesleyan College in 1919. Five years later, he completed a Ph.D. degree at the University of Iowa and became assistant professor of history at the Iowa State Teachers College.
In 1926 he moved to the Kansas State College of Agriculture and Applied Science, where he was associate professor of history for several years. During this time, he also taught at Cornell College (1924) and Ohio State University (1929) in the summer session. From 1939 to 1961, he was professor of history at the University of Illinois and served many years as chairman of its history department.
Shannon was married to Edna M. (Jones) Shannon (born November 10, 1891, and died January 2, 1953). They had five children; Lucile, Mary, Edna, Marjory and Frederick A. Shannon, M.D., herpetologist.
He was a member of the American Historical Association and was on the executive committee of the Mississippi Valley Historical Association.
Assessment of his work
Shannon edited various publications and contributed to professional journals. He wrote history from the perspective of an average American. He believed that it was the value of average Americans that shaped the United States, and he had low regard for wealthy Americans. In 1928 Shannon wrote a two-volume book The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861-1865, which covered the history of the Union Army. He won the Pulitzer Prize for History for the book in 1929.
Since his death, some of Shannon's writing on Southern slavery has been criticized as being racist.
- The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861-1865 (1928)
- The Farmer’s Last Frontier: Agriculture, 1860-1897 (1945)
- American Farmers’ Movements (1957)
- The Centennial Years: A Political and Economic History of America from Late 1870s to the Early 1890s (1967)
- Fischer (1994), p. 53
- Fred A. Shannon Papers | University of Illinois Archives
- National Archives Draft Registration card Serial No U 2017, dated April 27, 1942, for Fred Albert Shannon< Urbana Local Board No 1, Champaign, Illinois
- Brennan (1999), p. 283
- Fred Shannon at Find A Grave
- Brennan (1999), p. 284
- Bishop, Katherine (February 16, 1987). "Bicentennial Panel in California Assailed over 'Racist' Textbook". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- Fischer, Heinz Dietrich; Erika J. Fischer (1994). American History Awards, 1917-1991: From Colonial Settlements to the Civil Rights Movement. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-598-30177-4.
- Brennan, Elizabeth A.; Elizabeth C. Clarage (1999). Who's who of Pulitzer Prize Winners. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 1-57356-111-8.