|Born||Frederick William Anhalt
March 6, 1895
|Died||July 17, 1996
|Buildings||1005 East Roy Street ("Ten-oh-Five")
1014 East Roy Street
1600 East John Street ("Anhalt Arms")
Fred Anhalt (1896 in Canby, Minnesota - 1996) was a builder and contractor who constructed many distinguished rental apartment buildings in Seattle, Washington in the 1920s and early 1930s. In 1993, the Seattle Chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) awarded Anhalt an honorary membership in recognition of excellence in residential design. In 2001, The Seattle Times listed Anhalt as one of the 150 most influential people in Seattle History
Anhalt designed over 40 buildings in the Seattle area between 1925 and 1937. Anhalt's apartments reflect Norman, Tudor, and Spanish Mission architectural influences, and incorporated both architectural flourishes and modern construction techniques that were uncommon in mainstream residential architectural projects of the period. Three of Anhalt's buildings are listed as Seattle Historic Landmarks. Three other Anhalt buildings are part of the Harvard-Belmont Historic District in Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood.
After a working as a grocer, butcher and appliance salesman, Anhalt and partner Jerome B. Hardcastle, a former butcher, founded the Western Building & Leasing Company in 1925 in order to build small market buildings throughout the outlying areas of Seattle. Although Anhalt had no formal training as an architect, he soon began to design bungalow-style apartment buildings as well. A growing interest in classic European architectural styles led Anhalt to begin sketching designs drawn from architectural pattern books. Many of these newer designs were multi-story residential buildings that incorporated classical elements, such as turrets, Stained-glass windows, and enclosed courtyards. Anhalt would often work late in his home office, sketching designs for a new project at his drafting table, and hand the sketches off to the draftsmen he employed the next day for further development.
The apartments that Anhalt built between 1926 and 1930 in Seattle's Capitol Hill and Queen Anne neighborhoods, possess many luxury touches and distinctive architectural features. Many of the buildings, such as Anhalt Arms (formerly Berkeley Court), feature landscaped courtyards which are shaded and recessed from the street, creating a semi-private, outdoor common space for residents. Unlike most apartments built during that period, most of Anhalt's apartments had both a front and a back door. The front door faced inwards, usually onto a small alcove or landing shared with one to three other apartments, or directly onto the interior courtyard. This design was intended to enhance both the sense of home for individual tenants, and to create a sense of community within the building.
Lawrence Kreisman, in his booklet, Apartments by Anhalt, says:
"What made Anhalt's buildings succeed is not their particular style or size, or complexity. It is the style of living encouraged therein -- the creation, through design, of an enclosed community that, while it relates to the street and neighborhood, also provides a common green, an outdoor living room that is the sole province of the tenants."
Late career and retirement
Buildings in Seattle
- Anhalt Arms (formerly Berkeley Court) - 1405 E John Street
- Twin Gables - 1516 East Republican Street
- Belmont Court - 750 Belmont Avenue East
- Belmont Place - 710 Belmont Place East
- Borchert Company Apartment Building - 417 Harvard Avenue East
- Oak Manor - 730 Belmont Avenue East
- Ten-O-Five - 1005 East Roy Street
- East Roy Street - 1014 East Roy Street
- Twin Gables - 1516 E Republican Street
- Barcelona Court - 2205 Bigelow Avenue North
- A small profile in the Seattle Times
- MetropoLIST 150: People Who Shaped Seattle: http://seattletimes.com/news/local/seattle_history/articles/metropolist_p2.html
- Seattle Department of Neighborhoods, Individual Landmarks: Greater Capitol Hill: http://www.seattle.gov/neighborhoods/preservation/capitol.htm
- Lange, Larry (July 18, 1996). "Seattle Builder Fred Anhalt Dies at the Age of 101". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
- Lambert, Steve (1982). "Built by Anhalt". Harstine House. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
- Arthurleej.com entry
- Photo of Anhalt in the courtyard of his building at 1005 E. Roy St. in the Post Intelligencer
- A small profile in the Seattle Times
- Anhalt, Frederick William (1896-1996) Entry at historylink.com
- Arthurleej.com entry about Oak Manor
- Entry on 1005 (Ten-O-Five) and 730 Belmont
- Mapping Fredrick Anhalts Contributions to Capitol Hill
- Kreisman, Lawrence (1982). Apartments by Anhalt. Seattle Public Library: Kreisman Exhibit Design. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- Lambert, Steve (1982). Built by Anhalt. Seattle Public Library: Harstine House. Retrieved 2012-03-20.