Frederick Cass

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Fred Cass
Ontario MPP
In office
1955–1971
Preceded by George Holmes Challies
Succeeded by Donald Irvine
Constituency Grenville—Dundas
Personal details
Born (1913-08-05)August 5, 1913
Chesterville, Ontario
Died November 25, 2000(2000-11-25) (aged 87)
Political party Progressive Conservative
Spouse(s) Olive
Occupation Lawyer

Frederick McIntosh (Fred) Cass Q.C. ( August 5, 1913 – November 25, 2000) was a Canadian politician who served as both Attorney-General of Ontario and Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. He served as a Progressive Conservative Member of Provincial Parliament from 1955 until his retirement in 1971. Cass served in the Canadian Armed Forces from 1941 to 1945.

Background[edit]

Born in Chesterville, Ontario, Cass was the older son of William Joseph Mavety Cass and Agnes Isabel (McIntosh) Cass, whose great-grandfather was John McIntosh, of apple fame. He was called to the Bar in Ontario in 1936 and joined his father, who had been called to the Bar in 1911, in the practice of law under the firm name, Cass & Cass. His wife, Olive, was herself the daughter of a former provincial politician, William H. Casselman, who represented Dundas as a United Farmers of Ontario member from 1919 to 1923.

Politics[edit]

Cass represented the riding of Grenville—Dundas just south of Ottawa. He first won a seat in the 1955 provincial election.[1] He was appointed to provincial cabinet in 1958 as Minister of Highways under Leslie Frost and became known as the cabinet's troubleshooter. In 1961, Frost retired and Cass was considered one of his potential successors. Instead, he supported provincial treasurer James Allan at the party's leadership convention. Allan was defeated by John Robarts, who appointed Cass Minister of Municipal Affairs, and later, Attorney General in 1962.

While he was Attorney-General, Cass continued to practise on the weekends as a small-town lawyer in his hometown of Chesterville and another office in nearby Winchester, where his mother lived. However, to avoid a conflict of interest, he stayed out of the courts and practised solely as a solicitor.

Cass provoked serious controversy when, in response to an organized crime scare, he proposed Bill 99, a sweeping amendment to the Police Act, which would have broadened police powers allowing the Ontario Police Commission the right to interrogate and cross-examine witnesses in camera in contravention of the traditions established by English Common Law. When queried on the amendments by the press, Cass said "Yes, these are drastic, draconian measures that in some ways are really unbelievable in a country that has an English common law system." The resultant uproar and, in particular, a speech by Liberal MPP Andy Thompson forced Cass to resign from Cabinet on March 23, 1964. Thompson's success buoyed him into the position of leader of the Liberal Party several months later.

The controversy led to the Robarts government appointing the McRuer Commission on Civil Rights that led to a number of reforms to enhance civil liberties in Ontario.

Following his re-election in the 1967 general election,[2] Cass was rehabilitated by being chosen Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario once the body reconvened on February 14, 1968. He was a popular presiding officer and served until his retirement at the 1971 election. As Speaker, Cass ruled that Opposition MPPs could no longer begin their questions during Question Period with the word "why", as questions were "usually not aimed at soliciting information from cabinet ministers, but at giving the questioner an opening to catalogue his complaints about the government." This resulted in various verbal gymnastics as Opposition MPPs struggled to find a way to say "why" without saying "why.[3]

Cabinet posts[edit]

Provincial Government of John Robarts
Cabinet Posts (2)
Predecessor Office Successor
Kelso Roberts Attorney General
1962-1964
Arthur Wishart
' Minister of Municipal Affairs
1961-1962
Wilf Spooner
Provincial Government of Leslie Frost
Cabinet Post (1)
Predecessor Office Successor
James N. Allan Minister of Highways
1959-1961
Bill Goodfellow
Special Parliamentary Responsibilities
Predecessor Title Successor
Donald Morrow Speaker
(1968-1971)
Allan Reuter

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canadian Press (June 10, 1955). "Complete Results of Ontario Voting by Constituencies". The Ottawa Citizen (Ottawa). p. 4. Retrieved 2014-03-22. 
  2. ^ Canadian Press (October 18, 1967). "Tories win, but...". The Windsor Star (Windsor, Ontario). p. B2. Retrieved 2014-03-30. 
  3. ^ [1]| Tribute in the Legislative Assembly, December 5, 2000

External links[edit]