Fred G. Meyer

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Fred G. Meyer
Born Frederick Grubmeyer
(1886-02-21)February 21, 1886
Hanover, Germany
Died September 2, 1978(1978-09-02) (aged 92)
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
Nationality American
Occupation Entrepreneur

Fred G. Meyer (February 21, 1886 – September 2, 1978) was an American businessman.

Born Frederick Grubmeyer in Brooklyn,[1] he traveled through the American West before settling in Portland, Oregon in 1909, where he founded a horse-drawn coffee service for lumber camps around Portland. After a few years of new ventures in Alaska, he returned to Oregon and founded a coffee shop (the Java Coffee Company, later changed to Mission Coffee Company in 1915) and then in 1922, a grocery store bearing his name in downtown Portland. He expanded this store into the Fred Meyer chain of supermarkets and department stores.


Meyer introduced innovative marketing concepts; he is often credited as one of the originators of the "one-stop shopping" concept, when in 1933, he built the Hollywood Fred Meyer, his first full-block megastore on Northeast Sandy Boulevard at 42nd Avenue in Portland (now a Rite Aid since the store's relocation to Hollywood West in 1988).

Fred G. Meyer's wife, Eva Marie, died in 1960.[2]

Meyer was opposed to zoning, specifically naming the model of Houston, Texas as a successful example.[2]

Upon his death his stock, in Fred Meyer established the Meyer Memorial Trust,[3] leaving behind $60 million to be used for "religious, charitable, scientific, literary or educational purposes."[2] The Meyer Memorial Trust is distinct from the Fred Meyer Foundation. The latter is sponsored by now Kroger-owned subsidiaries of Fred Meyer Stores and Quality Food Centers.[4]


  1. ^ Jordan Wankoff, David Salamie, Christina Stansell (1993). "International Directory of Company Histories, Volume 64". International Directory of Company Histories. Retrieved 2013-04-05. 
  2. ^ a b c MacColl, E. Kimbark (1979). The Growth of a City: Power and Politics in Portland, Oregon 1915-1950. Portland, Oregon: The Georgian Press. ISBN 0-9603408-1-5. 
  3. ^ "Meyer Memorial Trust — About Us". Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  4. ^ "The Kroger Co. - Corporate News & Info: Charitable Giving". Retrieved 2008-04-10. [dead link]

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