Fred L. Turner

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Frederick Leo Turner (January 6, 1933 – January 7, 2013) - who liked to be known simply as Fred.[1] - was an American restaurant industry executive, chair and CEO of McDonald's.[2] He is credited with helping to massively expand McDonald's, introducing new meals and setting service standards for the company and its employees.[3]

Turner grew up in Des Moines and Chicago, and graduated from Drake University in 1954; that 22 June, he married fellow Drake graduate Patricia Shurtleff. The couple had three daughters. Patricia died on 9 October 2000.[4]

Turner began his career at McDonald's in 1956 as a grill operator upon his discharge from the US Army,[5] and quickly rose through the ranks. He was named Operations Vice President in 1958, when the firm had only 34 employees.[6] In that role, he established strict guidelines for how McDonald's hamburgers and other products had to be served - including that fries "had to be precisely 0.28 inches thick",[7] and that "exactly ten patties had to be formed from each pound of beef".[8] "Quality, Service and Cleanliness" became his motto.[9] He became Executive Vice President in 1967, then President and Chief Administrative Officer in 1968. He replaced Ray Kroc as Chairman in 1977, then was named Senior Chairman upon Kroc's death. Since his retirement in 2004, he has served as Honorary Chairman. Under Turner, McDonald's expanded its operations to 118 countries, with over 31,000 outlets, and more than a billion hamburgers had been sold.[10]

Turner also served as a director for Aon Corporation, Baxter International, and W. W. Grainger. He received the Horatio Alger Award in 1991. He was a member of the Bohemian Club, and Sigma Phi Epsilon.

He died on January 7, 2013, the day after his 80th birthday, from complications from pneumonia.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taken from the obituary in The Economist, 26th January 2013, which describes him as Mr Turner, or rather, as he hoped everyone would call him, Fred - accessible here
  2. ^ Fred L. Turner
  3. ^ See the obituary in the Economist magazine, accessible here
  4. ^ "Patricia A. Turner Obituary" chicagotribune.com 18 September 2011
  5. ^ [1] 'Pacific Aviation Museum Report'
  6. ^ Obituary in The Economist, 26th January 2013, accessible here
  7. ^ Taken from the obituary in The Economist, 26th January 2013, accessible here
  8. ^ From the obituary in The Economist magazine, 26th January 2013, accessible here
  9. ^ From the obituary in The Economist magazine, 26th January 2013, accessible here
  10. ^ Obituary in The Economist, 26th January 2013, accessible here
  11. ^ "Fred L. Turner, Innovative Chief of McDonald’s, Dies at 80". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
Business positions
Preceded by
Ray Kroc
CEO of McDonald's
1972–1987
Succeeded by
Michael R. Quinlan