|Born||Frederick Clinton Quimby
July 31, 1886
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
|Died||September 16, 1965
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Frederick Clinton "Fred" Quimby (July 31, 1886 – September 16, 1965) was an American cartoon producer, best known as a producer of Tom and Jerry cartoons, for which he won seven Academy Awards. He was the film sales executive in charge of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio, which included Tex Avery and the team of William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, creators of Tom and Jerry.
Life and career
Quimby was born in Minneapolis, and started his career as a journalist. In 1907, he managed a film theater in Missoula, Montana. Later, he worked at Pathé, rising to become a member of the board of directors before leaving in 1921 to become an independent producer. He was hired by Fox in 1924, and then moved to MGM in 1927 to head its short features department. In 1937, he was assigned to create MGM's animation department.:65
In 1939, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera presented Quimby with a proposal for a series of cartoons featuring a cat and a mouse. Quimby approved, and the result was Puss Gets the Boot, which was nominated for an Academy Award. Initially, he refused to pursue more Cat and Mouse cartoons after Puss Gets the Boot. However, following the critical and financial success of that cartoon, he agreed to make Tom and Jerry an official cartoon of the MGM cartoon studio. As producer, Quimby became a repeated recipient of the Academy Award for Animated Short Film for the Tom and Jerry films, though he never invited Hanna and Barbera onstage when he accepted the awards. His name became well known due to its prominence in the cartoon credits, and Quimby took sole credit for approving and producing the Tom and Jerry series. Quimby was not involved in the creative process and had a difficult relationship with animators, including Hanna and Barbera, who believed that Quimby was not fit for a real animation leader:
|“||...unfortunately for a cartoon producer, [he had] no sense of humor to call upon... He knew nothing of animation and cartoons were a strange thing to him. Cast in the role of high school principal opposite the animators' boyish enthusiasms, he acted as liaisons between them and the front office, usually it seemed, turning down requests for bigger budgets, raises and special dispensations of funds.||”|
Quimby retired from MGM in 1955, with Hanna and Barbera assuming his role as co-heads of the studio and taking over the production title for the Tom and Jerry shorts. Despite the success with Hanna and Barbera, MGM assumed that re-releasing old cartoons would be more profitable, and the MGM's cartoon division did not last long after; it was closed in 1957. MGM would later contract first Gene Deitch and then Chuck Jones to produce more Tom and Jerry shorts through their own studios during the 1960s. Fred Quimby died in Santa Monica, California in 1965 and was buried in Glendale.
Academy Award credits
- Winner Best Animated Short Subject 1940: The Milky Way – producer (with Rudolf Ising)
- Nominated for Best Animated Short Subject 1941: The Night Before Christmas – producer
- Nominated for Best Animated Short Subject 1941: The Rookie Bear – producer
- Nominated for Best Animated Short Subject 1942: The Blitz Wolf – producer
- Winner Best Animated Short Subject 1943: The Yankee Doodle Mouse – producer
- Winner Best Animated Short Subject 1944: Mouse Trouble – producer
- Winner Best Animated Short Subject 1945: Quiet Please! – producer
- Winner Best Animated Short Subject 1946: The Cat Concerto – producer
- Nominated for Best Animated Short Subject 1947: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Mouse – producer
- Winner Best Animated Short Subject 1948: The Little Orphan – producer
- Nominated for Best Animated Short Subject 1949: Hatch Up Your Troubles – producer
- Nominated for Best Animated Short Subject 1950: Jerry's Cousin – producer
- Winner Best Animated Short Subject 1951: The Two Mouseketeers – producer
- Winner Best Animated Short Subject 1952: Johann Mouse – producer
- Nominated for Best Animated Short Subject 1952: Little Johnny Jet – producer
- Nominated for Best Animated Short Subject 1954: Touché, Pussy Cat! – producer
- Nominated for Best Animated Short Subject 1955: Good Will to Men – producer (with William Hanna & Joseph Barbera)
- Susanin, Timothy S. (2011). Walt Before Mickey: Disney's Early Years, 1919–1928. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 290. ISBN 1604739606.
- The Creators
- Barbera, Joseph (1994). My Life in "Toons": From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century. Atlanta, GA: Turner Publishing. ISBN 1-57036-042-1.
- http://www.tomandjerryonline.com/synopsis.cfm Similar opinions are expressed elsewhere, e.g. at http://www.animationshow.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=1766.
- Fred Quimby at the Internet Movie Database
- Fred Quimby at NNDB
- The Tom and Jerry Story
- The Creators – The Magic Behind The Cartoon