Fred Rogers Fairchild (1877–1966) was an American economist and educator. Fairchild was born in Crete, Nebraska. His father was Arthur Babbitt Fairchild, a descendant of Thomas Fairchild who settled in New England in 1639. He was a brother of Henry Pratt Fairchild, a sociologist and educator. Fairchild attended Doane College (AB, 1898) in Crete and Yale University (PhD, 1904). He also received an honorary LL.D. from Doane in 1929. Fairchild taught economics at Yale for many years. He was a holder of the Knox Chair of Economics. He was published widely, and his work included well received text books.
Fairchild was an honorary member of the National Tax Association, an educational association of taxation experts. His primary field of study was federal taxation in the United States. In a 1920 journal article published in the American Economic Review, Fairchild proposed a restructuring of the post-war U.S. federal taxation system in light of calls for the repeal of the excess profits tax enacted during wartime. He recommended, in order to ensure a "reasonable revenue to the government and justice to the various classes of taxpayers", that corporations be exempt from income taxes and instead that shareholderdividends become subject to the income tax.
In an article about the proper level for the capital gains tax,Bruce Bartlett, a senior fellow at NCPA, cites Fairchild,
Fred Rogers Fairchild of Yale probably spoke for most economists of the day when he said, "the weight of economic authority supports the theory that mere growth in value of capital is not income." (citing Fred Rogers Fairchild, "Federal Taxation of Income and Profits", American Economic Review, Vol. 11, No. 1, March 1921, p. 150.)
In the academic world, a few eminent scholars such as B. M. Anderson, H. J. Davenport, F. R. Fairchild, F. H. Knight, and W. A. Paton scorned the New Deal which was holding sway in education and communication."