Fred W. Glover

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Fred W. Glover (born March 8, 1937 in Kansas City, Missouri)[1] is a professor of computer science and applied mathematics at the University of Colorado and the chief technology officer at OptTek Systems.[1] He is widely known for his contributions to combinatorial optimization, and for inventing the tabu search algorithm,[2] as a method for solving large and complex optimization problems. He is also responsible for coining the term "metaheuristic",[3] which is now the subject of numerous books and annual international meetings of major societies.

Professional background[edit]

Glover obtained his bachelor degree from the University of Missouri - Kansas City in 1960, and his Ph.D. from Carnegie-Mellon University,1965. He has been head of research at the Hearin Center for Enterprise Science (2000–2002), at Analysis, Research and Computation, Inc. (1969–1981), at the University of Colorado NASA Center for Space Construction (1990–1991) and the University of Colorado Center for Applied Artificial Intelligence (1984–1990). He also held teaching and research positions in the University of Texas (1967–1970) and the University of California at Berkeley (1965–1967).[1]

Glover is currently chief technology officer of OptTek Systems, Inc., in charge of algorithmic design, computer software development and strategic planning initiatives, where software incorporating his methods has been distributed to over 90,000 licensed users for applications in simulation and optimization. He also holds the title of Distinguished University Professor, Emeritus, in the School of Engineering and in the Leeds School of Business at the University of Colorado. Throughout a career launched by publications in discrete optimization in the 1960s and extending soon thereafter to networks, graph theory and nonlinear optimization, he has authored or co-authored more than four hundred published articles and eight books. His work focuses on models and methods uniting the fields of mathematical programming, computer science and artificial intelligence, with an emphasis on applications in industry, science and government. Computer software implementations of his methods are being applied to improve the solution of problems in bioinformatics, energy, environmental systems, healthcare, chemical processes, supply chains and many other areas.


Distinguished Professor, University of Colorado, 2005 – present

Chief Technology Officer, OptTek Systems, Inc., 1992 – present

Director of Research, Hearin Center for Enterprise Science, 2000 – 2002.

MediaOne and US West Chaired Professor, University of Colorado, 1986 – 2006

Director of Technology Development, Management Robotics, Inc., 1981 – 1992

Head of Research, NASA Center for Space Construction, University of Colorado, 1990 – 1991.

Graduate Faculty of Applied Mathematics (founding member), University of Colorado, 1983 – present.

Director of Research, Center for Applied Artificial Intelligence (founding member), University of Colorado, 1984 – 1990.

Honorary Professor of Mathematics, University of Colorado, Denver, 1988 – present.

John King Chaired Professor and Professor of Management Science, University of Colorado, 1970 – 1986.

Research Director, Analysis, Research and Computation, Inc., 1969 - 1981

Research Fellow | Associate Professor, Operations Research and Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley, 1965 – 1967 | University of Texas, 1967 – 1970.

Honorary Appointments & Professorships[edit]

Honorary Professorship, China University of Mining and Technology, 2013

Honorary Director, Institute of Management Science & Industrial Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, 2013

Chaired Research Professor in Computer Science (Chaire d’excellence, Pays de la Loire), Laboratoire d'Etude et de Recherche en Informatique d'Angers (LERIA), 2009

Honorary Doctorate, Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2006

Honorary Professor, Department of Mathematics and Statistical Sciences, University of Colorado, Denver, 2001

National Advisory Board of the Enterprise Simulation Optimization Laboratory (eSOL), 2000

Founding Research Director of the Hearin Center for Enterprise Science at the University of Mississippi, in Oxford, MS, 1999.

Distinguished University Research Lecturer, University of British Columbia, 1994.

Head of Global Optimization, NASA Center for Space Construction (now within Aerospace Engineering Sciences), University of Colorado, Boulder, 1991.

Research Scholar, Centre Nationale de Recherche (National Research Center), Universite de Grenoble, France, 1991.

Distinguished Visiting Research Professor, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), Switzerland, 1989-1990; 2001-2002.

Visiting Cockrell Family Regents Chaired Professor in Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, 1988-1989.

Distinguished Researcher, US West Advanced Technologies (now Quest Advanced Technologies),1986-1998.

Distinguished Visiting Researcher, Université de Paris-Nord, 1998.


IEEE Fellow, in recognition of contributions to computer based and mathematical optimization, 2013.

International Research Fellow of the International Center for Electronic Commerce, 1997.

Senior Fellow, Center for Management of Operations and Logistics (now Logistics and Supply Chain Optimization), University of Texas, 1996.

Senior Research Fellow of the IC2 Institute, 1987.

First US West Distinguished Fellow, for contributions to mathematical optimization, computer science and artificial intelligence, 1986.

Honorary Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), for research in mathematical optimization and computer applications in industry, 1983.

Honorary Fellow, International Honor Society in the Decision Sciences and Information Systems, Alpha Iota Delta, 1983.

Honorary Fellow, Decision Sciences Institute, for contributions to the field of Decision Sciences in mathematical optimization and planning, 1982.

Federal Fellow of the U.S. Defense Communications Agency (now the Defense Information Systems Agency) for communications and satellite systems design, 1972-73.

Research Fellow of the Miller Institute for Basic Research in Science, for research in industrial engineering and operations research, 1965-66.

Ford Foundation Fellow, Carnegie-Mellon University, 1962-65.

Biographical Listings[edit]

Who's Who in the World

Who's Who in America

Who's Who in the West

International Who's Who of Contemporary Achievement

Men of Achievement

2000 Outstanding Intellectuals of the 21st Century

Who's Who in Frontier Science and Technology

Who's Who in Computer Education and Research

World Directory of Mathematicians

American Men and Women of Science

Who's Who in American Education

Who's Who and What's Where in Artificial Intelligence

Who's Who in Science and Engineering


Glover’s principal areas of research are in a number of fields, including: applications of computers to the fields of optimization, applied artificial intelligence, systems design, multicriteria analysis, decision support, logistics, natural resources planning, large scale allocation models, transportation, financial analysis and industrial planning.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Fred W. Glover personal faculty page at the University of Colorado. Accessed on December 6, 2009
  2. ^ Fred Glover and Manuel Laguna (1997), Tabu Search. 408 pages. ISBN 0-7923-9965-X, ISBN 0-7923-8187-4
  3. ^ Fred Glover (1986), "Future Paths for Integer Programming and Links to Artificial Intelligence". Computers and Operations Research, volume 13, issue 5, pages 533–549

External links[edit]