Fred Young (Ontario politician)
|Fred Matthews Young|
|Member of Provincial Parliament for Yorkview|
|Preceded by||new riding|
|Succeeded by||Michael Spensieri|
14 February 1907|
Long Reach, New Brunswick
|Died||13 December 1993
|Political party||Ontario New Democratic Party|
|Children||Marion (Young) Shikaze, Murray Young |
|Occupation||United Church minister|
Fred Matthews Young (14 February 1907 – 13 December 1993) was a Canadian, democratic socialist, politician. He was an ordained minister and long time organizer for the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF).
Fred Young was born in Long Reach, New Brunswick, near the port city of Saint John, in 1907. He attended Teachers College in Fredericton, New Brunswick and taught school in Woodstock, New Brunswick. Later on, he graduated with a Bachelors of Arts Degree from Mount Allison University. He attended the University of Toronto and received both a Master of Arts and a Bachelor Degree in Divinty. He served as a minister in the United Church of Canada, in both Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island from 1934 until 1940.
After World War II, Young worked, as an organizer for the CCF in the Maritimes, being personally recruited by the CCF's National Secretary, David Lewis. Though, officially, he was a staff representative for the United Steel Workers of America, he was co-opted by the party. He travelled throughout Atlantic Canada and Ontario mostly doing work for the party. In May 1951, the Ontario CCF hired him, at the urging of Donald C. MacDonald, then the CCF's national organizer, who persuade Young to relocate from the Maritimes. He became the Ontario party's full-time organizer.
In 1953, he ran for the leadership of the Ontario CCF, losing by six votes to Donald C. MacDonald in the CCF leadership convention. After five unsuccessful attempts to gain a public office, he won election to the town council of North York, Ontario in 1955. He served as deputy Reeve and chair of the executive committee.
He attempted on several occasions to win a seat for the CCF and its successor, the New Democratic Party (NDP) either at the federal or provincial level. He finally won election to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 1963 provincial election for the North York riding of Yorkview. Young sat as an Ontario New Democratic Party Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) from 1963 until 1981.
He was a friend of consumer advocate Ralph Nader. Both Nader and Young, as a legislator, fought for highway safety and mandatory use of seat belts. He was also an early advocate of airbags. In 1975, the Ontario government enacted the mandatory seatbelt reforms that he was advocating for years. As a legislator, Young became one of the first MPPs to open a community office to help his electoral district constituents. He was also responsible for writing the daily prayer used in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario throughout the later half of the 20th century.
Young was hospitalized for many weeks at the York-Finch General Hospital before his death on Monday, 13 December 1993.
- Azoulay, Dan (1997). Keeping the Dream Alive: The Survival of the Ontario CCF/NDP, 1950-1963. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 0-7735-1634-4.