Aguilar in Tondo, Manila, Philippines, 1988
|Birth name||Ferdinand Pascual Aguilar|
|Born||February 5, 1953|
|Genres||Manila sound, OPM, folk, rock|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, bass guitar|
|Associated acts||Watawat Band|
Ferdinand Pascual Aguilar (born February 5, 1953), better known as Freddie Aguilar or Ka Freddie Aguilar, is a folk musician from the Philippines. He is best known for his rendition of "Bayan Ko", which became the anthem for the opposition to the Marcos regime during the 1986 People Power Revolution, and for his song "Anak", the best-selling Philippine music record of all time. He is heavily associated with Pinoy rock.
He is well known internationally, and within the Philippines and Asia-Pacific region, claiming fame as one of the best musician-songwriters of the Philippines.
Freddie Aguilar studied Electrical Engineering at De Guzman Institute of Technology but did not finish the degree program. Instead he pursued music, became a street musician, and then a folk club and bar musician. In 1973, he married Josephine Quiepo.
Aguilar left family and school unfinished at the age of 18. Realizing and regretting his mistakes five years later, Freddie composed "Anak" (Filipino for child), a remorseful song expressing apology to his parents.
Political activism 
Five years after the composition of "Anak", Freddie Aguilar joined protests against the Marcos regime and began writing and performing songs that criticized the excesses of the government. Some of the songs that caused him to be banned from mainstream media include: "Kata-rungan" or "justice" (speaking for the unjustly accused), "Pangako" ("promise") (a leader's unfulfilled pledges to an abandoned people), and "Luzvi-minda" (an acronym for Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao, calling on Filipinos to wake up to the reality of oppression). One of the songs he was most remembered for during that time was his interpretation of "Bayan Ko" ("My Country"), in which he added a verse to the original piece.
Bayan Ko (My Country)
In 1979, Aguilar first recorded "Bayan Ko" in a patriotic effort to, in his words, “jolt back those who were starting to forget who we really are.” The song was originally composed in 1928 by Constancio de Guzman, with lyrics by poet Jose Corazon de Jesus, during a time of struggle for Philippine independence from US occupation.  It emerged once again during the Marcos regime as the unofficial anthem of the emergent "people" of "People Power", the new democratic nation opposed to authoritarianism that is widely credited with the deposing of Ferdinand Marcos. In 1983, the assassination of Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino triggered massive demonstrations against the Marcos dictatorship, and Aguilar’s rendition of "Bayan Ko" was blared on the radio and speakers mounted on jeepneys throughout the streets of Manila and the provinces of the Philippines. Aguilar, along with APO Hiking Society and other Pinoy pop musicians who took a stand against dictatorship, joined other protest singers in music and street performances as part of the anti-Marcos rallies.
International acclaim 
Freddie Aguilar's "Anak" not only broke the Philippine record charts in 1979, but it also hit the no. 1 spot in Japan and achieved considerable popularity in other countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, and parts of Western Europe. The song has become so famous that, by some counts, it has been recorded in as many as a hundred versions in 23 languages throughout the world.  Billboard reported that the song was the number two world hit of the 1980s. As of 2006, it was unsurpassed as the highest-selling record of Philippine music history.
Present day 
Aguilar still lives in the Philippines, and continues to perform. He currently has moved to his own place dubbed "Ka Freddies". He still has a strong following in the Philippines and among many Filipinos living overseas.
Year Title Record Label 1967 Ngayon at Kailanman Aguilar Music 1974 Kasaysayan Ni Jose Rizal at Ka Freddie Aguilar Aguilar Music 19?? The Best of Tribute to Late Freddie Aguilar! (with the Watawat Band) Aguilar Music 1994 Anak ni Mama(Special Collector's Edition) VICOR 2003 Juan Dela Cruz at si Uncle Sam Aguilar Music
- Bayan Ko!
- Kamusta Ka Aking Mahal
- Estudyante Blues
- Pasko ang Damdamin
See also 
- Priestess, Wife, Revolutionary: A new film documents the role of women in Philippine history
- Dot Ramos Balasbas-Gancayco (2006-12-12). "Still up on his toes (an interview with Freddie Aguilar)". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- Dorian, Frederick; Simon Broughton, Mark Ellingham, James McConnachie, Richard Trillo, Orla Duane (2000). World Music: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides. p. 216. ISBN 1-85828-636-0. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
- Lockard, Craig A. (1998). Dance of life: popular music and politics in Southeast Asia. University of Hawaii. p. 144. ISBN 0-8248-1918-7. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- Tadiar, Neferti X. M. (2009). "Popular Laments". Cultural Studies 23 (1): 1–26. doi:10.1080/09502380701702482.
- Poblete, Johanna D. (August 7, 2009), "Songs of Freedom", Weekender: S4/1
- Maceda, Teresita Gemenez (2007). "Problematizing the popular: the dynamics of Pinoy pop(ular) music and popular protest music". Inter-Asian Cultural Studies 8 (3): 390–413. doi:10.1080/14649370701393766.
- Caruncho, Eric S. (July 15, 2001), "Whose 'Anak' is it Anyway?", Philippine Daily Inquirer: 3
- GMA NEWS.TV, Iza Calzado bags Asian model award in Korea