Hubbard performing in Rochester, New York, 1976
|Birth name||Frederick Dewayne Hubbard|
|Born||April 7, 1938|
|Origin||Indianapolis, Indiana, United States|
|Died||December 29, 2008
Sherman Oaks, California, United States
|Genres||Jazz, Bebop, Hard bop, Post bop|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, bandleader, composer|
|Instruments||Trumpet, Flugelhorn, Cornet, French horn, Mellophone|
|Labels||Atlantic, Columbia, CTI, Blue Note|
|Associated acts||Ornette Coleman|
Frederick Dewayne "Freddie" Hubbard (April 7, 1938 – December 29, 2008) was an American jazz trumpeter. He was known primarily for playing in the bebop, hard bop and post-bop styles from the early 1960s and on. His unmistakable and influential tone contributed to new perspectives for modern jazz and bebop.
Hubbard started playing the mellophone and trumpet in his school band at Arsenal Technical High School in Indianapolis, Indiana. Trumpeter Lee Katzman, former sideman with Stan Kenton, recommended that he begin studying at the Arthur Jordan Conservatory of Music (now the Jordan College of the Arts at Butler University) with Max Woodbury, the principal trumpeter of the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra. In his teens Hubbard worked locally with brothers Wes and Monk Montgomery and worked with bassist Larry Ridley and saxophonist James Spaulding. In 1958, at the age of 20, he moved to New York, and began playing with some of the best jazz players of the era, including Philly Joe Jones, Sonny Rollins, Slide Hampton, Eric Dolphy, J. J. Johnson, and Quincy Jones. In June 1960 Hubbard made his first record as a leader, Open Sesame, with saxophonist Tina Brooks, pianist McCoy Tyner, bassist Sam Jones, and drummer Clifford Jarvis.
Then in May 1961, Hubbard played on Olé Coltrane, John Coltrane's final recording session with Atlantic Records. Together with Eric Dolphy, Hubbard was the only session musician who appeared on both Olé and Africa/Brass, Coltrane's first album with ABC/Impulse! Later, in August 1961, Hubbard made one of his most famous records, Ready for Freddie, which was also his first collaboration with saxophonist Wayne Shorter. Hubbard joined Shorter later in 1961 when he replaced Lee Morgan in Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers. He played on several Blakey recordings, including Caravan, Ugetsu, Mosaic, and Free For All. Hubbard remained with Blakey until 1966, leaving to form the first of several small groups of his own, which featured, among others, pianist Kenny Barron and drummer Louis Hayes.
It was during this time that he began to develop his own sound, distancing himself from the early influences of Clifford Brown and Morgan, and won the Downbeat jazz magazine "New Star" award on trumpet.
Throughout the 1960s Hubbard played as a sideman on some of the most important albums from that era, including Oliver Nelson's The Blues and the Abstract Truth, Eric Dolphy's Out to Lunch, Herbie Hancock's Maiden Voyage, and Wayne Shorter's Speak No Evil. He recorded extensively for Blue Note Records in the 1960s: eight albums as a bandleader, and twenty-eight as a sideman. Hubbard was described as "the most brilliant trumpeter of a generation of musicians who stand with one foot in 'tonal' jazz and the other in the atonal camp". Though he never fully embraced the free jazz of the 1960s, he appeared on two of its landmark albums: Coleman's Free Jazz and Coltrane's Ascension, as well as on Sonny Rollins' 1966 "New Thing" track "East Broadway Run Down" with Elvin Jones and Jimmy Garrison.
Hubbard achieved his greatest popular success in the 1970s with a series of albums for Creed Taylor and his record label CTI Records, overshadowing Stanley Turrentine, Hubert Laws, and George Benson. Although his early 1970s jazz albums Red Clay, First Light, Straight Life, and Sky Dive were particularly well received and considered among his best work, the albums he recorded later in the decade were attacked by critics for their commercialism. First Light won a 1972 Grammy Award and included pianists Herbie Hancock and Richard Wyands, guitarists Eric Gale and George Benson, bassist Ron Carter, drummer Jack DeJohnette, and percussionist Airto Moreira. In 1994, Hubbard, collaborating with Chicago jazz vocalist/co-writer Catherine Whitney, had lyrics set to the music of First Light.
In 1977 Hubbard joined with Herbie Hancock, Tony Williams, Ron Carter and Wayne Shorter, members of the mid-sixties Miles Davis Quintet, for a series of performances. Several live recordings of this group were released as VSOP, VSOP: The Quintet, VSOP: Tempest in the Colosseum (all 1977) and VSOP: Live Under the Sky (1979).
Hubbard's trumpet playing was featured on the track "Zanzibar", on the 1978 Billy Joel album 52nd Street (the 1979 Grammy Award Winner for Best Album). The track ends with a fade during Hubbard's performance. An "unfaded" version was released on the 2004 Billy Joel box set My Lives.
In the 1980s Hubbard was again leading his own jazz group – this time with Billy Childs and Larry Klein, among others, as members – attracting favorable reviews, playing at concerts and festivals in the USA and Europe, often in the company of Joe Henderson, playing a repertory of hard-bop and modal-jazz pieces. Hubbard played at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1980 and in 1989 (with Bobby Hutcherson). He played with Woody Shaw, recording with him in 1985, and two years later recorded Stardust with Benny Golson. In 1988 he teamed up once more with Blakey at an engagement in the Netherlands, from which came Feel the Wind. In 1988, Hubbard played with Elton John, contributing trumpet and flugelhorn and trumpet solos on the track "Mona Lisas and Mad Hatters (Part Two)" for John's Reg Strikes Back album. In 1990 he appeared in Japan headlining an American-Japanese concert package which also featured Elvin Jones, Sonny Fortune, pianists George Duke and Benny Green, bass players Ron Carter, and Rufus Reid, with jazz and vocalist Salena Jones. He also performed at the Warsaw Jazz Festival, at which Live at the Warsaw Jazz Festival (Jazzmen 1992) was recorded.
Following a long setback of health problems and a serious lip injury in 1992 where he ruptured his upper lip and subsequently developed an infection, Hubbard was again playing and recording occasionally, even if not at the high level that he set for himself during his earlier career. His best records ranked with the finest in his field.
Legacy and honors
On December 29, 2008, Hubbard died in Sherman Oaks, California from complications caused by a heart attack he suffered on November 26.
Freddie Hubbard had close ties to the Jazz Foundation of America in his later years. He is quoted as saying, "When I had congestive heart failure and couldn't work, The Jazz Foundation paid my mortgage for several months and saved my home! Thank God for those people." The Jazz Foundation of America's Musicians' Emergency Fund took care of him during times of illness. After his death, Hubbard's estate requested that tax-deductible donations be made in his name to the Jazz Foundation of America.
With Manny Albam
- The Soul of the City (Solid State, 1966)
With Roberto Ávila & Sarava
- Come to Brazil (1989)
With George Benson
- The Other Side of Abbey Road (A&M/CTI, 1969)
With Walter Benton
- Out of this World (Jazzland, 1960)
With Art Blakey
- Mosaic (Blue Note, 1961)
- Buhaina's Delight (Blue Note, 1961)
- A Jazz Hour with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers: Blues March (1961)
- Three Blind Mice (Blue Note, 1962)
- Caravan (Riverside, 1962)
- Ugetsu (Riverside, 1963)
- Kyoto (Riverside, 1964)
- Free For All (Blue Note, 1964)
- Golden Boy (Colpix, 1964)
- Soul Finger (Limelight, 1965)
- Hold On, I'm Coming (Limelight, 1965)
With Tina Brooks
- True Blue (Blue Note, 1960)
With Kenny Burrell
- God Bless the Child (CTI, 1971)
With George Cables
- Cables' Vision (1979)
With Betty Carter
- Droppin' Things (1990)
With Ornette Coleman
- Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation (Atlantic, 1960)
With John Coltrane
With Richard Davis
- Muses for Richard Davis (MPS, 1969)
With Eric Dolphy
With Kenny Drew
- Undercurrent (Blue Note, 1960)
With Charles Earland
- Leaving This Planet (Prestige, 1973)
With Bill Evans
- Interplay (Riverside, 1962)
With Joe Farrell
- Sonic Text (Contemporary, 1980)
With Curtis Fuller
- Boss of the Soul-Stream Trombone (Warwick, 1960)
- Soul Trombone (Impulse!, 1961)
- Cabin in the Sky (Impulse!, 1962)
With Benny Golson
- Pop + Jazz = Swing (Audio Fidelity, 1961) – also released as Just Jazz!
- Take a Number from 1 to 10 (Argo, 1961)
With Dexter Gordon
- Doin' Allright (Blue Note, 1961)
- Clubhouse (Blue Note, 1964)
- Generation (Prestige, 1972)
- The Other Side of Round Midnight (Blue Note, 1986)
With Herbie Hancock
- Takin' Off (Blue Note, 1962)
- Empyrean Isles (Blue Note, 1964)
- Maiden Voyage (Blue Note, 1965)
- Blow-Up (MGM, 1966)
- VSOP (Columbia, 1977)
- VSOP: The Quintet (Columbia, 1977)
- VSOP: Tempest in the Colosseum (Columbia, 1977)
- VSOP: Live Under the Sky (Columbia, 1979)
- Round Midnight (Soundtrack) (Columbia, 1986)
With Jimmy Heath
With Joe Henderson
- Big Band (1996)
With Andrew Hill
With Bobby Hutcherson
With Milt Jackson
- Sunflower (CTI, 1973)
With Billy Joel
- trumpet on "Zanzibar" on album 52nd Street (1978)
With Elton John
- Reg Strikes Back (1988)
With J. J. Johnson
With Quincy Jones
- Walking in Space (A&M/CTI, 1969)
With Kirk Lightsey
- Temptation (1991)
With Ronnie Mathews
- Doin' the Thang! (Prestige, 1963)
WnWith Jackie McLean
- Bluesnik (Blue Note, 1961)
With the Modern Jazz Quartet
- MJQ & Friends: A 40th Anniversary Celebration (Atlantic, 1994)
With Wes Montgomery
- Fingerpickin' (1958)
- Road Song (1968)
With Hank Mobley
- Roll Call (Blue Note, 1960)
With Alphonse Mouzon
- By All Means (1980)
With Oliver Nelson
- The Blues and the Abstract Truth (Impulse!, 1961)
With Duke Pearson
With Oscar Peterson
- Face to Face (1982)
With Sam Rivers
- Contours (Blue Note, 1965)
With Max Roach
- Drums Unlimited (Atlantic, 1965)
With Sonny Rollins
- East Broadway Run Down (Impulse!, 1966)
- Numbers (1979)
With Poncho Sanchez
- Cambios (1991)
With Don Sebesky
- Giant Box (CTI, 1973)
With Lalo Schifrin
- Once a Thief and Other Themes (Verve, 1965)
With Wayne Shorter
- Wayning Moments (1962)
- Speak No Evil (Blue Note, 1964)
- The Soothsayer (Blue Note, 1965)
- The All Seeing Eye (Blue Note, 1965)
With Leon Thomas
- A Piece of Cake (Palcoscenico Records)
With Stanley Turrentine
- Sugar (CTI, 1970)
With McCoy Tyner
With Cedar Walton
- Soundscapes (Columbia, 1980)
With Randy Weston
- 1981 Studiolive (Sony)
- 1985 One Night with Blue Note
- 2004 Live at the Village Vanguard (Immortal)
- 2005 All Blues (FS World Jazz)
- 2009 Freddie Hubbard: One of a Kind
- "Freddie Hubbard Dies". Downbeat. December 29, 2008. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- Scott Yanow. "Freddie Hubbard | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- Martin Williams, sleeve notes to Free Jazz (1960)
- "Freddie Hubbard", NEA Jazz Masters, 2006.
- Larkin, Colin. The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Guinness (1995), pp. 2018–2019 – ISBN 1-56159-176-9
- "Freddie Hubbard The Blue Note Years 1960–1965". Dan Miller Jazz. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- Berendt, Joachim E (1976). The Jazz Book. Paladin. p. 191.
- Scott Yanow, Jazz on Record: The First Sixty Years, Backbeat Books, 2003, p. 821 – ISBN 0-87930-755-2
- Thom Jurek. "First Light – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- "LoroMusic.com and Gopam Enterprises". Gopammusic.com. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- "Freddie Hubbard @ All About Jazz". Allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- Yanow, Scott. Jazz: A Regional Exploration, Greenwood Press, 2005, p. 184 – ISBN 0-313-32871-4
- Heckman, Don (December 30, 2008). "Freddie Hubbard, jazz trumpeter, dies at 70". Los Angeles Times.
- "Freddie Hubbard", Jazz Foundation of America.
- "Studiolive – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- "Live at the Village Vanguard – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. June 29, 2004. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- "All Blues [DVD] – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. July 19, 2005. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (August 2013)|
- Freddie Hubbard at Find a Grave
- Bio at Jazztrumpetsolos.com
- Freddie Hubbard's Website
- Freddie Hubbard at the Internet Movie Database
- Bio and Selected Recordings at Grove Music Online
- Interview with Downbeat Magazine
- The Freddie Hubbard Discography
- "Randy Brecker Selects Twelve Essential Freddie Hubbard Tracks", (Jazz.com)
- Howard Mandel, "Jazz Trumpeter Freddie Hubbard Dies", NPR Music, December 30, 2008.
- Live on YouTube. Cantaloupe Island. Freddie Hubbard live with Herbie Hancock, Joe Henderson, Tony Williams, Ron Carter. At the Birdland.
- Video: Freddie Hubbard performs "Cherokee"