|Israeli diplomat, writer and journalist|
Freddy Eytan, (born January 1947) is an Israeli diplomat, former ambassador, writer and journalist.
Freddy Eytan's family originated in Livorno, Italy, from the early 19th century. His father, Ouzy, was an active Zionist. In November 1942, at the beginning of the invasion of Tunisia by the German army, Ouzy was arrested by the Gestapo. After four months he escaped from a camp localized in the military port of Bizerte. After Liberation, he contributed to Mossad Aliyah Bet, which brought Jews to Israel. In 1956 he established, with friends, a Moshav near Megiddo called Nir Yaffe. Ouzy was the Moshav Secretary for many years and an activist in North Region for Rafi Movement (a political party affiliated with Ben Gurion). This is the Moshav where Freddy Eytan lived during his childhood.
Eytan served from 1965 to 1972 in the Israeli army. After three years in the Northern Headquarters Command he became a press officer and operated under Chief of Staff Major General David Elazar. Eytan participated in battles during the Six Day War in the Golan Heights and Northern West Bank. In 1982, he became a military correspondent and covered the first Lebanon war when the Israeli army invaded Beirut.
Eytan began his career as a Galei Tshahal correspondent. He worked as the Israeli Radio and Television correspondent in Paris between 1976 and 1981. In August 1980, Freddy Eytan wrote an article in the Jerusalem Post entitled "Delayed Reaction," in which he argued that it has taken Israel five years to understand the dangerous situation that the French nuclear agreement with Iraq causes. Eytan describes the nuclear reactor that Iraq was developing. Israel, according to Eytan, must act to show France the dangers of their policy. This article was written a year before Operation Opera, the attack by Israel that destroyed the Iraqi nuclear reactor in Baghdad. Between 1981 and 1989 he served as chief editor of Kol Israel Foreign News desk, covering notably the Lebanon war. He then started to work as a press officer for the Israeli Foreign Affairs Ministry in Brusells and Jerusalem. Eytan created the APEJ in Brussels which was the first bulletin Jewish press in Europe and in French. JTA was its world agency, based in NY and in English, but APEJ took their news by arrangement. Eytan also created and developed also the first Jewish radio in Europe in 1981.
Two noteworthy interviews that Eytan did were with Prime Minister Menachem Begin (before he was Prime Minister) and Moshe Dayan. In Eytan's interview with Begin, in L'aurore Begin pronounced that the U.S. administration would not favor the creation of a Palestinian state. This was during the Carter administration. Eytan interviewed Moshe Dayan the week before he died for the French newspaper Le Journal du Dimanche. The Israeli paper, Kol Hayir, called the interview a historical document. It was the last interview Dayan did before his death. The interview was designed to discuss Dayan's reaction to the assassination of Anwar Sadat, but the two also spoke about the army, politics, life and death and Dayan's own personal reflections on his life. This exclusive interview was published in Yediot Aharonot.
Eytan was professor at Bar-Ilan and the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He also has been a distinguish career diplomat at the embassies in Brussels and Paris and also senior advisor to the foreign minister and spokesman for the Israeli side during peace negotiation with the Palestinians in 1996–1998.;
Between 1972 and 1976, Eytan was a diplomat in the Israeli Embassy in Paris. In 1989 Eytan became the press officer at the Israeli Embassy in Brussels and continued until 1992. In 1998 he became the first Israeli Ambassador to Mauritania with a mandate to represent Israel in all North Africa. He initially was Israel's representative in the country and when diplomatic ties were finalized became its first ambassador to Mauritania. During his time in Mauritania, Eytan was instrumental in many projects aimed at strengthening diplomatic measures between the two countries. Furthermore, he strived to bring Israeli humanitarian missions to aid the people of Mauritania. One such project brought Israeli eye doctors to the country to provide care for people who otherwise would have no access to such care. Due to the lack of access to surgery, many people suffer from blindness that is caused by untreated cataracts. Israeli doctors were brought in to perform surgery on these people and prevent many conditions. According to the doctors who participated in the missions, Eytan was the "moving spirit" behind the project. After Eytan ended his term in Mauritania, Israel struggled to find a successor. However, the two countries maintained their diplomatic connections despite objections from other Arab countries.
Since 2005, he is in charge of European Affairs at the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs and runs its French website, Le CAPE de Jérusalem . The CAPE features political commentary and analyses on Israeli foreign affairs, the Middle East, and French foreign policy concerning Israel and the Middle East. It uses historical facts in order to present Israel's case to the French-speaking world. According to Eytan, it is important to utilize Jewish and Israeli values to explain the root of the Arab-Israeli conflict and the historical background. The information provided on the site provides a background for understanding the Israeli side and the existential problems with which it is dealing.
Eytan has written many books, mostly in French, about the Israel-Arab conflict, French-Israeli relations, biographies of Ariel Sharon, Shimon Peres and Benyamin Netanyahu, Nicolas Sarkozy, and Benjamin Netanyahu. In addition, he has written numerous political analyses on the Middle East and has spoken at a vast number of forums and conferences. He has focused on the subject of defensible borders for Israel in order to create a lasting peace. His articles and interviews have been featured in The Jerusalem Post, Le Monde, Diplomatie, Israel Magazine, L'Express, Tribune Juive, the Métropolitain, the Toronto Star, the Gazette, LeTemps, and the National Post. Among the television stations that have interviewed him include TF1, BFM, TV5, i24news, France 3, France 24, and RFI.
Analysis of French-Israeli Relations
Eytan's analysis of French-Israeli relations and French involvement in the Middle East are based on a historical perspective. He argues that in order to understand the current situation of French policies in relation to this region, one must look back several decades to the Dreyfuss Affair, end of colonialism, Vichy France and their relations with Iran. In his article "French History and Current Attitudes," he concludes:
"Europe's colonial history is the source of its frequent obsessions with trying to solve Middle Eastern problems. That history is also behind Europe's double standards and double play. I believe that one of the Americans' great advantages in the negotiations is that their history is not budrened with the major anti-Semitism that has manifested itself for such a long time in Europe."
- Bibi, le réveil du faucon- Editions Alphée – 24 février 2011. ISBN 978-2-7538-0669-6.
- Sarkozy, Le monde juif et Israël – Editions Alphée Jean-Paul Bertrand- September 2009 – Paris.
- La Shoah- Editions Alphée Jean-Paul Bertrand-Paris-2010. ISBN 978-2-7538-0569-9
- Les mass medias en Israël- Paris- 1972.
- La presse française pendant la guerre de Kippour- Paris- 1974.
- David et Marianne- Alain Moreau- Paris- 1986 -ISBN 2-85209-021-X.;
- Le conflit Israélo-arabe de Balfour 1989– Jerusalem – Akademon
- La Poudrière- Cid- Bruxelles- 1990. ISBN D/1990/5786/1 
- Shimon Pérès au carrefour du destin -Editions du Rocher- Paris- 1986– ISBN 2-268-02286-2.
- Keren Or – Yedioth Aharonot- Tel- Aviv- 2004– ISBN 965-511-590-9.
- La France Israël et les Arabes -Le double jeu?- Jean Picollec- Paris- 2005 – ISBN 2-86477-211-6.
- Les secrets d’un diplomate- avec Avi Pazner – Editions du Rocher- Paris- 2005 – ISBN 2-268-05352-0.
- Sharon, le bras de fer- Jean Picollec-Paris- 2006– ISBN 2-86477-221-3.
- L’autre visage d’Israël- Editions du Rocher- Paris- 2006-ISBN 2-268-05835-2.
- Sharon, a life in times of Turmoil- Studio 9- New York- 2006– ISBN 1-55207-091-3. (Originally in French, translated into English and Portuguese)
- Les 18 qui ont fait Israël – Alphée- Paris- 2007– ISBN 978-2-7538-0265-0.
- V.G, Taupe-secret à Jérusalem- Alphée- Paris- 2008– ISBN 978-2-7538-0286-5.
- Sharon O Braço de Ferro – Barcarolla – São Paulo – 2008– ISBN 978-85-98233-30-7
- Israel: Des frontières défendables pour la paix et la sécurité. Written with Dore Gold, Yaacov Amidror and Meir Rosenne. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs – Jerusalem. ISBN 965-218-059-9 
- Les revendications légitimes de l'Etat d'Israël pour une paix juste et viable – JCPA – Jérusalem 2011 – ISBN 965-218-059-9
- "...a remarkable piece of investigative journalism. Excellent portrait of Sharon. Well document and simply buzzing with revealing facts and pertinent details."
– Robert Yves Quiriconi, Associated Press (on Sharon: A Life in Times of Turmoil).
- "Explosive book."
– Journal du Dimanche on David et Marianne
- "... is wonderfully done and full of resource material... A Job well done."
– Pierre Salinger, ABC News on David and Marianne
- - A favorite book of the Radio France stations."
-Web Radio du Livre on Sharon, le bras de fer
- "Feddy Eytan asks the real questions, the book renews the passion from the beginning to the end."
-Présent quotidien de Paris
- "It clearly analyzes the subject based on much research and gives a complete picture of Israeli-French relations."
-Pierre Lurcat, France Israel Information 346, November 2009 (on Sarkozy, Le monde juif et Israël).
Eytan's books have been praised in Le Canard enchaine, Le journal du Dimanche, L'Express, the Jerusalem Post, L'Arche, Le Monde, L'Est Republican, Tribune Juive, Information Juive, Haaretz, the Canadian Jews News, the Jewish Press, Yediot Ahronot,
- Eytan, Freddy. Les Reactions en France. Israel Heb. 20 Octobre 1977.
- Eytan, Freddy. "Delayed Reaction." The Jerusalem Post International Edition, 24–30 August 1980.
- Begin, Menachem. "L'administration U.S. Ne Favorisera Pas La Creation D'un Etat Palestinien." Interview with Freddy Eytan. L'Aurore. 14/3/77
- Michiro shel Mishmach. 23/10/81. Kol Hair
- Eytan, Freddy. "Last Interview: Moshe Dayan." Yediot Ahronot. 26/9/84.
- Harris, David. "EU eyes bigger role in Mideast peace." Xinhua. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-12/09/content_12619524.htm
- Le Monde, "Critiques contre la présidence de l'Union européenne", 02/08/1998 http://www.lemonde.fr/archives/article/1997/08/02/critiques-contre-la-presidence-de-l-union-europeenne_3788071_1819218.html
- France-Israël 1948–2008: des relations pas comme les autres 1967–1981: le désamour. Akadem. at the Wayback Machine (archived November 21, 2008)
- Eytan, Freddy. "Mauritanie: un tèmoignage israèlien." De l'Afrique au Gondwana? Revue Francaise de Geopolitique. France: Editor ERES, 2005.
- Seligman, Ruth. See with your own eyes: Israeli Eye Doctors in Mauritania. Shalom Magazine, 2000, Issue 1. http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Mashav%20–%20International%20Development/Publications/2000/See%20with%20your%20own%20eyes-%20Israeli%20Eye%20Doctors%20in%20Mau
- Eichner, Itamar. "Medina Nidchatah b'Africa Michapeset Shagrir Yisraeli." Yediot Ahronot. 16 December 2001
- Pierre Itshak Lurcat, Freddy Eytan diplomate et journaliste. Israel Magazine. Jan 2009.
- "Freddy Eytan. Le sionisme de Herzl est Toujours Aussi Vivace." Tribune Juive. Mars 2008.
- Eytan, Freddy. Hahasbara Hifshita et haarachim. NRG News. http://www.nrg.co.il/online/1/ART1/499/034.html
- Bibi : le réveil du faucon : portrait biographique de Benjamin Netanyahou
- "http://www.hamodia.fr/article.php?id=2239" 20 July 2011.
- "http://www.crif.org/?page=articles_display/detail&aid=25610&returnto=articles_display/list&artyd=8" 18 July 2011.
- "Van-Aelst, Julia. "La France doit jouer un role d'influence au Proche-Orient." Jerusalem Post. 4 September 2008.
- Le Nouveau Proche Orient: Menaces et Incertitudes Face a L'etendard Chiite. Diplomatie. Janvier-Fevrier 2007, 54–57
- Sylvestre, Paul-François. "L’Holocauste: comment expliquer l’impensable? " L'Express. December 14, 2010. http://www.lexpress.to/archives/5852/
- Kay, Barbara. "What Would Ariel Have Done?" National Post. 6 September 2006. http://www.nationalpost.com/scripts/story.html?id=bd4f6d87-6283-4497-a573-02dfd6c587c6&k=5945&p=2
- Eytan, Freddy. "After 50 Years of Challenging America." Jerusalem Post. 16 May 2007. http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1178708619692&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull
- Hooton, Brett. "Ariel Sharon, From Soldier to PM." The Gazette, 2 September 2006.
- Interview with Freddy Eytan (Audio) on BFM : Interviews Du 12–15
- Israël : offensive diplomatique ?
- http://ce-soir-ou-jamais.france3.fr/index-fr.php?id_rubrique=281&page=emission Ce soir, débat sur les espions avec : Général Paul Aussaresses, Jacques Vergès, Freddy Eytan, Roger Faligot et Tim Robbins. 14 May 2008.
- A quoi servent les menaces contre l'Iran ?
- Eytan, Freddy. "French History and Current Attitudes to Israel." in Israel and Europe: An Expanding Abyss? ed. Manfred Gerstenfeld. Jerusalem: Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, 2005.
- Slafter, Eliyahu. "Paris v'Yerushalayim." Haaretz. 11/5/1986.
- Langellier, Jean-Pierre. "David et Marianne, un livre de Freddy Eytan. Les aléas des relations franco-israéliennes" Le Monde 21/5/1986.
- De Balfour à nos jours-1988- Akademon- Jérusalem. http://www.editions-alphee.com/auteur.php?persid=103 Editions Alphée
- Ariel, Yoni. "M'meshlachat Ketar L'David Levi: Al Tagiyah." Makor Rishon. 21/11/97
- Regards. Juillet 1990
- "Shimon Peres au carrefour du destin." La Nouvelle Gazette, 25 Juillet 1996.
- Tribune Juive. 4 Julliet 1996.
- "Peres merite sa place dans l'histoire" La Derniere Heure. 15/6/96
- Haaretz Sfarim. 6/8/2005
- "Israël Le difficile èquilibre." Diplomatie. No. 17 Novembre-Dècembre 2005.
- Jean-Pierre Allali. L'autre visage d'Israel Par Freddy Eytan.
- ASIN 1552070921
- "Ariel Sharon." Diplomatie. No. 20. Mai-June 2006.
- Radio Interview with Freddy Eytan on the subject from Canal Academie http://www.canalacademie.com/Les-dix-huit-qui-ont-fait-Israel.html
- http://capefrance.org/en/conferences/2008/3/1483.html "Victor Grayewsky, Shin Beit secret agent in Jérusalem." CAPE France.
- Ariel Sharon: biografia lancada pela Editora Barcarolla. Portal Fator Brasil. 24 April 2008 http://www.revistafatorbrasil.com/ver_noticia.php?not=37489
- Le Journal du Dimanche 1986.
- Livre a le une. Web Radio du Livre. http://web1.radio-france.fr/thematiques/livre/livres/index.php?page=91&livre=250070198
- French JCPA site
- JCPA main site
- Interview on Canal Academie
- Institut Français de Presse
- Centre d'Accueil de la Presse Etrangère CAPE
- Dossier Israel in Diplomate Magazine