4 July 1893|
|Died||4 November 1977
public international law
|Institutions||University of Oslo
research fellow 1919–1924
|Known for||President, Hague Academy
of International Law
Frede Castberg (4 July 1893 – 4 November 1977) was a Norwegian jurist. The son of Johan Castberg, he served as professor and rector at the University of Oslo as well as president of the Hague Academy of International Law.
Frede Castberg was born in Vardal as the son of jurist and politician Johan Castberg (1862–1926) and his wife Karen Cathrine Anker (1867–1932). He was the paternal great-grandson of priest and politician Peter Hersleb Harboe Castberg, grandson of customs surveyor and politician Johan Christian Tandberg Castberg, nephew of violinist Torgrim Castberg and first cousin of illustrator Johan Christian Castberg. On the maternal side Frede Castberg was the nephew of Katti Anker Møller.
Castberg was married twice. The first marriage, to Synnøve Reimers, lasted between 1921 and 1925, and produced one daughter. In February 1927, Castberg married his cousin Ella Anker. They had two daughters, born in late 1927 and in 1933.
Like his father, Frede Castberg had an academic career. He enrolled as a student of law in 1911 and graduated as cand.jur. in 1914. He held various jobs as a jurist in 1915 and 1916, before being issued grants to undertake further studies abroad. He studied public law in France and England from 1916 to 1917, in Germany in 1919 and in Austria in 1921. From 1919 he was employed at the University of Oslo as a research fellow. He took the dr. juris degree in 1921, and was hired as a consultant at the Norwegian Nobel Institute in the same year. He left his post as research fellow in 1924, having been engaged as a secretary and advisor in the dispute between Norway and Denmark over Greenland. In 1925 he was hired permanently as a consultant in the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
In 1928 Castberg was appointed professor of jurisprudence at the University of Oslo. He specialized in constitutional law, administrative law, philosophy of law and public international law. Among his most important publications were Norges statsforfatning (two volumes, 1933), Folkerett (1937), Rettsfilosofiske grunnspørsmål (1939), Norge under okkupasjonen; rettslige utredninger 1940–1943 (1945) and Freedom of Speech in the West (1960). Castberg also became known to the general public, through lectures in radio and television. In addition, Castberg served as rector of the university from 1952 to 1958. During his time as rector, political science was introduced as a separate discipline, being given its own department.
Castberg retired as a professor in 1963. From 1962 to 1976 he presided over the curatorium of the Hague Academy of International Law, an institution seated in the Peace Palace together with the International Court of Justice and the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and currently presided by Boutros Boutros-Ghali. Among Castberg's most important publications in this period are La philosophie de droit (1970), Den europeiske konvensjon om menneskerettighetene (1971), Minner om politikk og vitenskap fra årene 1900–1970 (1971) and Rett og revolusjon i Norge (1973).
- "Castberg, Frede". Store norske leksikon. Kunnskapsforlaget. 2007.
- Genealogy. (vestraat.net)
- "Castberg". Store norske leksikon. Kunnskapsforlaget. 2007.
- Castberg, A. St. (1938). Slekten Castberg gjennem 300 år (in Norwegian). Oslo.
- "Portrait of Frede Castberg" (in Norwegian). University of Oslo. Retrieved 20 December 2008.[dead link]
- "History". Hague Academy of International Law. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
- "Curatorium and Administration of the Academy". Hague Academy of International Law. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
Otto Lous Mohr
|Rector of the University of Oslo
Johan Tidemann Ruud