Frederic Lang

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Sir Frederic William Lang (1852 – 5 March 1937) was a New Zealand politician, initially an independent conservative, then from 1914 a member of the Reform Party. He was the eighth Speaker of the House of Representatives, from 1913 to 1922.

Early life[edit]

Lang was born in Blackheath, Kent, England in 1852.[1] He emigrated to New Zealand as a young man and settled in Tuhikaramea near present-day Temple View. He played football and represented the Auckland Province. He never married.[1]

Around 1906, he sold his farm and moved to Onehunga.[1]

Political career[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate Party
1893–1896 12th Waipa Independent
1896–1899 13th Waikato Independent
1899–1902 14th Waikato Independent
1902–1905 15th Waikato Independent
1906–1908 16th Manukau Independent
1908–1911 17th Manukau Independent
1911–1914 18th Manukau Independent
1914–1919 19th Manukau Reform
1919–1922 20th Manukau Reform

Lang's political career started with his election to the Tuhikaramea Road Board. He was elected onto the Waipa County and became its chairman. He also belonged to the Waikato Charitable Aid Board.[1]

He was the Member of Parliament for Waipa from 1893 to 1896; then Waikato from 1896 to 1905 when he was defeated; then Manukau from 6 December 1906 until 1922, when he was defeated.[2] He was Chairman of Committees from 1912 to 1913.[3] He then became Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1913 to 1922.[4]

In 1913 as speaker, in response to filibusting by Apirana Ngata, Lang introduced a rule that MPs who could speak in English must not speak te reo Māori and by 1920 Parliament no longer employed translators. The situation was reversed in the 1980s with the Māori Renaissance and the Maori Language Act 1987.[5]

He was knighted in 1916.[2] He was appointed to the Legislative Council in 1924 and served for one term until 1931.[6] In 1935, he was awarded the King George V Silver Jubilee Medal.[7]

Death[edit]

He died at his home in Onehunga in 1937.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Sir Frederic Lang". The Evening Post. CXXIII (54). 5 March 1937. p. 10. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 211.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 252.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 250.
  5. ^ "Launch of Simultaneous Interpretation in the House". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 157.
  7. ^ "Official jubilee medals". The Evening Post. 6 May 1935. p. 4. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Deaths". Auckland Star. 5 March 1937. p. 1. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Scholefield, Guy, ed. (1925) [First published in 1908]. Who's who in New Zealand and the western Pacific (2nd ed.). Masterton: Guy Scholefield. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Wood, G. A. (1996) [First published in 1987]. Ministers and Members in the New Zealand Parliament (2nd ed.). Dunedin: University of Otago Press. pp. 95, 114. ISBN 1-877133-00-0. 
Political offices
Preceded by
James Colvin
Chairman of Committees of the House of Representatives
1912–1913
Succeeded by
Alexander Malcolm
Preceded by
Arthur Guinness
Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives
1913–1922
Succeeded by
Charles Statham
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Alfred Cadman
Member of Parliament for Waikato
1896–1905
Succeeded by
Henry Greenslade