Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

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Frederick Augustus II
August II von Oldenburg 1902.jpg
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Reign 13 June 1900–11 November 1918
Predecessor Peter II
Spouse Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia
Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Issue Sophia Charlotte, Princess Eitel Friedrich of Prussia
Duchess Margaret
Nikolaus, Hereditary Grand Duke
Duchess Alexandrine
Ingeborg Alix, Princess Stephan of Schaumburg-Lippe
Altburg, Hereditary Princess of Waldeck and Pyrmont
House House of Holstein-Gottorp
Father Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Mother Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg
Born (1852-11-16)November 16, 1852
Oldenburg
Died 24 February 1931(1931-02-24) (aged 78)
Rastede
Burial Ducal (Herzogliches) Mausoleum, Gertrudenfriedhof, Oldenburg
Religion Lutheranism

Frederick Augustus II (16 November 1852, Oldenburg – 24 February 1931, Rastede) was the last ruling Grand Duke of Oldenburg. He married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, daughter of Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau and Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia. After her death, he married Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Family[edit]

Reign[edit]

Frederick Augustus' reign began on June 13, 1900 when his father died. His reign came to an end on November 11, 1918, shortly before the German monarchy was abolished on 28 November.

Marriages and issue[edit]

On 18 February 1878, Frederick Augustus married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, a daughter of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia.[1] It was a double wedding, in which Princess Charlotte of Prussia (daughter of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Prussia) married Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Meiningen on the same day as Elisabeth Anna in Berlin.[2] The marriages were the first such occasions performed since Prussia had become the German Empire in 1870. Due to this increased status, the weddings were attended by many important personages, including King Leopold II of Belgium and his wife Queen Marie Henriette.[3] The Prince of Wales also attended, as one of the brides (Charlotte) was his niece.[4]

Frederick Augustus and Elisabeth Anna had two children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Duchess Sophia Charlotte 2 February 1879 29 March 1964 married Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia, a younger son of Wilhelm II of Germany.[5]
Duchess Margaret 13 October 1881 20 February 1882 died young.

Elisabeth died on 28 August 1895, before he succeeded as Grand Duke.[6] Before her death, her husband had been building a new residential palace; once she died, Frederick named the new building the Elisabeth-Anna-Palais in her honor.

On 24 October 1896, Frederick Augustus married Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a daughter of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg.[1][5] He succeeded as Grand Duke of Oldenburg in 1900.

Frederick Augustus and Elisabeth had four children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Nicolas Frederick William, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg 10 August 1897 3 April 1970 married Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Duchess Alexandrine 25 March 1900 26 March 1900
Duchess Ingeborg Alix 1901 1996 married Prince Stephan Alexander Victor of Schaumburg-Lippe, a younger son of Georg, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
Duchess Altburg Marie Mathilde Olga 1903 2001 married Josias, Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Frederick was forced to abdicate his throne at the end of World War I, when the former Grand Duchy of the German Empire joined the post-war German Republic.[7] He and his family took up residence at Rastede Castle, where he took up farming and local industrial interests.[5] A year after his abdication, he asked the Oldenburg Diet for a yearly allowance of 150,000 marks, stating that his financial condition was "extremely precarious".[5]

In 1931, Frederick died in Rastede.[7]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Elisabeth Anne Prinzessin von Preußen". Retrieved 26 December 2009. 
  2. ^ Radziwill, pp. 116-17.
  3. ^ Radziwill, pp. 117-18.
  4. ^ Radziwill, p. 118.
  5. ^ a b c d "Former Grand Duke of Oldenburg Dies", The New York Times (Oldenburg), 25 February 1931 
  6. ^ "Princess Elizabeth of Prussia Dead", The New York Times (Berlin), 29 August 1895 
  7. ^ a b "Duchess Elisabeth", The New York Times (Oldenburg), 5 September 1955 

Sources[edit]

  • Radziwill, Catherine (1915). Memories of Forty Years. London: Funk & Wagnalls Company. 
Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 16 November 1852 Died: 24 February 1931
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Peter II
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
13 June 1900 – 11 November 1918
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
11 November 1918 – 24 February 1931
Reason for succession failure:
Grand Duchy abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Hereditary Grand Duke Nikolaus