Frederick Barnett Kilmer
Frederick Barnett Kilmer (15 December 1851– 28 December 1934) was an American pharmacist, author, public health activist and the director of Scientific Laboratories for the Johnson & Johnson company from 1889 to 1934. Dr. Kilmer is also known as the father of American poet, journalist and literary critic Joyce Kilmer (1886-1918) who was killed in action in France during World War I.
Kilmer married Annis Eliza 'Annie' Kilburn  on 25 December 1874 at Sundbury, Pennsylvania, with whom he had four children, namely Anda Frederick (b. 1873), Ellen Annie (b. 1875), Charles Willoughby (b. 1880) and Alfred Joyce (b. 1886).
Kilmer attended the public schools of Birmingham, New Jersey, before entering the Wyoming Seminary at Kingston, Pennsylvania, and subsequently the New York College of Pharmacy. He completed special courses in chemistry at Columbia, Yale and Rutgers Universities, and another under Hoffman. A Master in Pharmacy was conferred on him by the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science in 1920.
Kilmer was a:
- Member of the Society of Chemical Industry, Royal Society of Arts, North British Academy of Arts, New Brunswick Historical Society, New Brunswick Scientific Society, American Chemical Society, American Institute of Chemical Engineers and American Public Health Association.
- Vice-president of the American Drug Manufacturer's Association, American Pharmaceutical Association, Society of Economic Biologists of England, Institute Arzenmittelhere of Braunschweig, Societe Quimica Agricola of Buenos Ayers and Institute of Jamaica.
- President of the New Brunswick Board of Health.
- Advisor to the New Jersey State Board of Health.
Kilmer supported the Republican Party, and belonged to two clubs, the Chemists of New York City and the Union of New Brunswick. He was also a vestryman for the Christ Episcopal Church and member of the standing committee of the Diocese of New Jersey. He had previously studied at the Wyoming Seminary at Kingston, Pennsylvania.
Kilmer published a booklet, Methods of Antiseptic Wound Treatment in 1888, popularizing the knowledge of antiseptic methods for treating wounds with an appendix of appropriate company products, and co-wrote the “Standard First Aid Manual” in 1901 also for the company.
Kilmer was subsequently responsible for Johnson & Johnson’s Baby Powder. In those early days, the company made medicated plasters which could irritate when removed. He suggested sending customers a small container of Italian talc to soothe their skin. Satisfied customers soon discovered the powder also soothed their babies’ bottoms, and in 1893 the company sold the first tins of the famous baby powder.
- Johnson & Johnson. Our History: People Who Made a Difference (accessed 13 July 2012).
- Death Certificate of Frederick Barnett Kilmer, New Jersey 1934 Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Frederick Barnett Kilmer pp3-99 in History of Middlesex County, New Jersey 1664- 1920, Volume 2, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York and Chicago 1921.