Frederick Carter

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Frederick Carter
FrederickCarter.jpg
Premier of Newfoundland
In office
April 1, 1865 – February 14, 1870
Monarch Victoria
Lieutenant Governor Anthony Musgrave
Preceded by Hugh W. Hoyles
Succeeded by Charles Fox Bennett
In office
January 31, 1874 – April 1, 1878
Monarch Victoria
Lieutenant Governor Stephen John Hill
Preceded by Charles Fox Bennett
Succeeded by William Whiteway
Personal details
Born 12 February 1819
St. John's, Newfoundland
Died 1 March 1900
Political party Conservative Party
Spouse(s) Elisa Bayly

Sir Frederick Bowker Terrington Carter, KCMG (born February 12, 1819 in St. John's, Newfoundland, died March 1, 1900) was a lawyer and Premier of Newfoundland from 1865 to 1870. He was son of Peter Weston Carter[1] and great-grandson of Robert Carter, who was then appointed justice of the peace at Ferryland in 1750. In 1855, he was elected to the House of Assembly as a Conservative and was Speaker from 1861 until 1865. In 1865 he succeeded Sir Hugh Hoyles as Premier.

Carter was a supporter of Canadian confederation having been a delegate to the 1864 Quebec conference.[2] However, the Conservatives were defeated on the Confederation issue in the November 1869 election by the Anti-Confederation Party led by Charles Fox Bennett. Even though Newfoundland did not join confederation until 1949, Carter is considered one of the Fathers of Confederation. Carter became Premier a second time in 1874 but had dropped the issue of joining Canada. In 1878 Carter was appointed Chief Justice succeeding Sir Hugh Hoyles.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Volume one, p. 363, Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador, ISBN 0-9693422-1-7.
  2. ^ "Carter, Sir Frederick Bowker Terrington National Historic Person". Parks Canada. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 10-06-2013.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ "Sir Frederic Bowker Terrington Carter". www.collectionscanada.gc.ca. 05-02-2005. Retrieved October 6, 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Hugh Hoyles
Premier of Newfoundland
1865–1870
Succeeded by
Charles Fox Bennett
Preceded by
Charles Fox Bennett
Premier of Newfoundland
1875–1885
Succeeded by
Sir William Whiteway