Frederick Christian I, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg

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Frederick Christian I
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Reign 20 January 1754–13 November 1794
Predecessor Christian August
Successor Frederick Christian II
Spouse Princess Charlotte Amalie Wilhelmine of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
among others...
Frederick Christian II
Charles August, Crown Prince of Sweden
House House of Oldenburg
Father Christian August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Mother Countess Louise Frederikke af Danneskiold-Samsøe
Born (1721-04-06)6 April 1721
Died 13 November 1794(1794-11-13) (aged 73)
Religion Lutheranism

Frederick Christian I (6 April 1721 – 13 November 1794) was Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg. He was the eldest son of Christian August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1696–1754) and his wife Duchess Louise Frederikke née Countess af Danneskiold-Samsøe (1699–1744).

In 1754, his father died and Frederick Christian inherited Augustenborg Castle and Gråsten. However, these estates were deeply in debt. He waived his claims on the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein and in return the King of Denmark (who was also Duke of Schleswig and Holstein) granted him a favourable settlement. This allowed him to purchase Als and Sundeved, making him the largest landowner in Schleswig. He was also able to expand Augustenborg Castle, the family residence.

Frederick Christian served as a general in the Danish army. He was a Knight in the Order of the Elephant.

Marriage and issue[edit]

His wife Charlotte Amalie was regarded as an excellent match; she was a princess, considered to be beautiful, and rich. The couple spent some of her wealth to build the new Augustenburg Palace

In 1762, he married Charlotte Amalie Wilhelmine (1744–1770), the daughter of Frederick Charles, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön. They had the following children:

  • Louise (1763–1764)
  • Louise Carolina Charlotte (1764–1815)
  • Frederick Christian II (1765–1814), married Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark
  • Frederick Charles Emil (1767–1841), Danish General, married Countess Sofie af Scheel (1776–1836), daughter of Baron Jürgen af Scheel
  • Christian August (1768–1810), Danish general, and later Crown Prince of Sweden as Charles August, however, he died before inheriting the throne
  • Sophie Amelie (1769)
  • Charles William (1770–1771)


External links[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.
Frederick Christian I, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Born: 6 April 1721 Died: 13 November 1794
Preceded by
Christian August
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Succeeded by
Frederick Christian II