Frederick County, Maryland

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Frederick County, Maryland
Frederick city.jpg
A view of downtown Frederick City
Flag of Frederick County, Maryland
Flag
Seal of Frederick County, Maryland
Seal
Map of Maryland highlighting Frederick County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Founded 1748
Seat Frederick
Largest city Frederick
Area
 • Total 667.34 sq mi (1,728 km2)
 • Land 662.88 sq mi (1,717 km2)
 • Water 4.46 sq mi (12 km2), 0.67%
Population
 • (2013) 241,409
 • Density 352/sq mi (135.9/km²)
Congressional districts 6th, 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.frederickcountymd.gov

Frederick County is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Maryland, bordering the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border of Virginia. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 240,336.[1] The county seat is Frederick.[2]

The county is home to Catoctin Mountain Park (encompassing the presidential retreat Camp David) and to the U.S. Army's Fort Detrick. It has also been the home to several celebrated historical figures like Francis Scott Key, Thomas Johnson, Roger B. Taney, and Barbara Fritchie.

Frederick County is a part of the Washington metropolitan area which is part of the greater Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area. As a result, the county has experienced a rapid population increase in recent years.[3][4] The county is sometimes associated with Western Maryland, depending on the definition used.

Etymology[edit]

The exact namesake of Frederick County and its eponymous county seat is unknown, but they may have been named after either Frederick, Prince of Wales, or Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore.[5]

History[edit]

Frederick County was created in 1748 from parts of Prince George's County and Baltimore County.

In 1776, Frederick County was divided into three parts. The westernmost portion became Washington County, named after George Washington, the southernmost portion became Montgomery County, named after another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery. The northern portion remained Frederick County.

In 1837 a part of Frederick County was combined with a part of Baltimore County to form Carroll County which is east of current day Frederick County.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

Law, government, and politics[edit]

Frederick County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in the state of Maryland.

Charter government[edit]

Effective December 1, 2014, Frederick County will transition to a "charter home rule government".[7] The voters approved this governmental change on the November 6, 2012 election with 62,469 voting for the transition and 37,368 voting against.[8]

There will be a county executive who is responsible for providing direction, supervision, and administrative oversight of all executive departments, agencies, and offices. A county council will also be elected, made up of seven members: five based on district and two at-large.[8]

Current County Commissioners
Position Name Affiliation District
  President Blaine Young Republican At-Large
  Vice President C. Paul Smith Republican At-Large
  Commissioner Billy Shreve Republican At-Large
  Commissioner David Gray Republican At-Large
  Commissioner Kirby Delauter Republican At-Large

The Frederick County State's Attorney, elected November 2, 2010, is Republican Charlie Smith. The sheriff of Frederick County is Republican Chuck Jenkins. The Executive Director for the Frederick County Office of Economic Development is Laurie Boyer.

Frederick County is one of the most historically Republican counties in Maryland. It has not voted for a Democrat for president since 1964 when it voted for Lyndon B. Johnson. In 2004 George W. Bush defeated John Kerry 59-39%.[9] Democrats came closer in 2008, when John McCain defeated Barack Obama by a mere 1,157 votes (49.62–48.58).[10] Nevertheless, Republicans in Frederick rebounded to more historical levels in the 2010 Maryland Gubernatorial & Senatorial Elections, giving the Republican Ehrlich/Kane ticket 55% to Democrat O'Malley/Brown's 45. Frederick voters also supported Republican Senate challenger Eric Wargotz over incumbent Democratic Senator Barbara A Milkulski by a margin of 51–46, even as Mikulski was winning statewide by a landslide 61-37. Despite its conservative reputation, Frederick County voted in favor of Maryland Question 6, which legalized same-sex marriage in Maryland.

Frederick County's fire and rescue service is handled by a combination career and volunteer service delivery system. Frederick County employs over 300 firefighters. Volunteers of the 26 volunteer fire and rescue corporations number approximately 750 active operational members. Fire, Rescue, and Emergency Medical Services, including Advanced Life Support are handled by both volunteers and the career staff. Frederick County has a Maryland State Police Medevac located at the Frederick Municipal Airport and is designated "Trooper 3". Trooper 3 handles calls all throughout the state, but provides immediate assistance to local police, fire and rescue services.

The official language of Frederick County is English.[11]

Geography[edit]

Frederick County straddles the boundary between the Piedmont Plateau Region and the Appalachian Mountains. The county's two prominent ridges, Catoctin Mountain and South Mountain, form an extension of the Blue Ridge. The Middletown Valley lies between them.

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 667.34 square miles (1,728.4 km2), of which 662.88 square miles (1,716.9 km2) (or 99.33%) is land and 4.46 square miles (11.6 km2) (or 0.67%) is water.[12] It is the largest county in Maryland in terms of land area.[13]

Attractions in the Frederick area include the Clustered Spires, a monument to Francis Scott Key, the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, Monocacy National Battlefield and South Mountain battlefields, and the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Major highways[edit]

MD Route 144

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 30,791
1800 31,523 2.4%
1810 34,437 9.2%
1820 40,459 17.5%
1830 45,789 13.2%
1840 36,405 −20.5%
1850 40,987 12.6%
1860 46,591 13.7%
1870 47,572 2.1%
1880 50,482 6.1%
1890 49,512 −1.9%
1900 51,920 4.9%
1910 52,673 1.5%
1920 52,541 −0.3%
1930 54,440 3.6%
1940 57,312 5.3%
1950 62,287 8.7%
1960 71,930 15.5%
1970 84,927 18.1%
1980 114,792 35.2%
1990 150,208 30.9%
2000 195,277 30.0%
2010 233,385 19.5%
Est. 2013 241,409 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2013 Estimate[15]

Frederick County has experienced a rapid increase in population in recent years, including that of minority groups.[3][4] As of the census[16] of 2010, there were 233,385 people, 84,800 households, and 61,198 families residing in the county. The population density was 295 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 90,136 housing units at an average density of 110/square mile (43/km²). The ethnic makeup of the county was 81.5% White, 8.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.045% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. 7.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. According to Census 2000 24.7% were of German, 12.9% American, 12.3% Irish and 10.1% English ancestry.

2010[edit]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the ethnic makeup of the county was as follows:

2000[edit]

There were 84,800 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 96.85 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 94.02 men.

Economy[edit]

The median income for a household in Frederick county is $82,668, and the median income for a family was $97,591.[citation needed] Males had a median income of $65,829 versus $48,507 for females. The per capita income for the county was $36,343.[citation needed] About 3.8% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line. Frederick County is the 43rd most affluent county in the US.

Fort Detrick is the largest employer in Frederick County. The largest employers aside from the government are the Frederick Memorial Healthcare System, Bechtel, SAIC, and Wells Fargo.[17] Western and northern portions of Frederick County has a strong agricultural component of its economy, and it is the largest producer of milk in Maryland.[18]

Communities[edit]

Map of urban areas in Frederick County
Frederick, the county seat and largest community in Frederick County.

Frederick County contains the following incorporated municipalities:

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

  1. Ballenger Creek
  2. Braddock Heights
  3. Clover Hill
  4. Discovery-Spring Garden (a combination of the communities of Discovery and Spring Garden recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  5. Green Valley
  6. Linganore-Bartonsville (a combination of the communities of Linganore and Bartonsville recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  7. Urbana

Other unincorporated areas include:

  1. Adamstown
  2. Buckeystown
  3. Graceham
  4. Ijamsville
  5. Jefferson
  6. Knoxville
  7. Ladiesburg
  8. Lewistown
  9. Libertytown
  10. Lake Linganore
  11. Monrovia
  12. New Midway
  13. Petersville
  14. Point of Rocks
  15. Rocky Ridge
  16. Sabillasville
  17. Sunny Side
  18. Tuscarora
  19. Utica
  20. Wolfsville

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Frederick County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Change in Suburban Maryland". George Mason University. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Metropolitan sprawl puts urban in suburban". 2012. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Frederick County, Maryland – Government". Maryland State Archives. March 5, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2008. 
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  7. ^ "Charter Government Transition". Frederick County, MD Government. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Depies, Lori (18 March 2013). "Charter Government and Transition: What it means to you and to Frederick County". Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  9. ^ 2004 election results
  10. ^ 2008 election results
  11. ^ McCarthy, Pete (February 22, 2012). "County Makes English Official Language". Frederick News-Post. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved February 13, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Frederick News-Post Local Section". The Frederick News-Post. Retrieved March 16, 2007. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Census.gov. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Frederick County Office of Economic Development
  18. ^ Frederick County Office of Economic Development (Fast Facts#Brief Economic Facts)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°28′N 77°24′W / 39.47°N 77.40°W / 39.47; -77.40