Frederick was the third of eight children of John Doulton (1793–1873), the founder of Royal Doulton ceramics, and Jane Duneau. He is the brother of Sir Henry Doulton who took the leading role in the family business and establishing it as a significant concern. Frederick married Sarah Merideth in 1846. Frederick worked in the family business and as an appointed member of the Metropolitan Board of Works, the then principal instrument of London-wide government, raising some suspicion of his own interests. He died of apoplexy at Summerhill House, Tunbridge Wells on 21 May 1872, and was brought to West Norwood Cemetery for burial in his father's plot.
Frederick had first stood unsuccessfully for Lambeth in 1852 where he had adopted a platform critical of lavish campaigns and corrupt and unfair voting. Surprisingly, in 1857, he stood aside to nominate and support the candidature of William Roupell, a vain and shallow candidate who indulged in exorbitant campaigning and entertaining of electors. Doulton was alleged to have written Roupell's speeches though he denied as much. Doulton was further implicated with Roupell in allegations of excessive spending though these were later dropped when the accusers were in turn accused of applying duress to Roupell for political favours. Roupell was duly elected.
At the United Kingdom general election, 1859, two members were to be returned and William Williams, who had held the second seat since 1850, announced in The Times that he would not stand because of ill health. Doulton announced his candidacy but a rumour started to circulate that he had bribed Williams to stand down. Williams now decided to stand to preserve his reputation and Roupell, somewhat disloyally, backed him. Doulton now withdrew but seems to have made light of the matter.
In 1862, Roupell was consumed by the scandal that gave rise to the Roupell case and resigned as MP on 4 February. Doulton was later returned as MP in the by-election on 5 May. His Parliamentary career also ended with scandal six years later. The Times obituary ends with:
|“||but [Frederick Doulton] did not offer himself again to his old constituents in 1868, for reasons which, no doubt, are fresh in the minds of the public.||”|
This refers to the Affaire Doulton described in The Times on 4 January 1869. Frederick Doulton was accused of fraud in Brussels, but escaped the charges on appeal since overcharing was not a crime. His reputation was though damaged.
- Clement (2004)
- Baptist Reporter and Missionary Intelligencer, Volume 20 (1846), p. 279.
- Engineers and Officials: An Historical Sketch of the Progress of "Health of Towns Works" (between 1838 and 1856) in London and the Provinces. 1856. London: E. Stanford. p. 117-8.
- Harris (2001) p.45
- Harris (2001) p.48
- Harris (2001) p.52
- Harris (2001) p.61
- The Times, Obituary, 24 May 1872 (p5, Issue 27385)
- The Times, The Affaire Doulton, 4 January 1869 (p5, Issue 26325)
- Clement, A. J. (2004). Doulton, Sir Henry (1820–1897). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2007-07-31 (subscription or UK public library membership required).
- Harris, J. (2001). The Roupells of Lambeth. London: The Streatham Society. ISBN 1-873520-37-9.
- Hill, G. (1879). The Electoral History of the Borough of Lambeth since its Enfranchisement in 1832. London: Stanford.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Frederick Doulton
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Lambeth
1862 – 1868
With: William Williams to 1865
James Clarke Lawrence 1865
Thomas Hughes 1865–1868
James Clarke Lawrence