Frederick Hartt

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Frederick Hartt (1914–1991) was an Italian Renaissance scholar, author and professor of art history. His books include Art: A History of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture (two volumes) and Italian Renaissance Art, Michelangelo (Masters of Art Series), The Sistine Chapel and The Renaissance in Italy and Spain (Metropolitan Museum of Art Series). He was also involved with cataloging and repatriating art work looted and stolen by the Third Reich during World War II.[1]

Biography[edit]

Hartt was born in Boston, Massachusetts on 22 May 1914,[2] the son of Rollin Lynde Hartt and Jessie Clark Knight (Hartt).[3] He received his PhD from New York University's Institute of Fine Arts in 1950; the subject of his dissertation was Giulio Romano and the Palazzo del Te.[4]

From 1942-1946, during World War II, Hartt was an officer in the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program of the US Army and received a Bronze Star.[5] He was also made an honorary citizen of Florence, and was decorated with the Knight's Cross by the Italian government.

He was on the faculty of the art history department at Washington University in St. Louis from 1949 to 1960, and from 1960 to 1967 he taught at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1967 he moved to the University of Virginia, where he was chairman of the art department from 1967 to 1976.[6]

In 1969, Hartt published a textbook survey of Renaissance art, History of Italian Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, which has been revised and reprinted numerous times.[7]

He became a Professor Emeritus of the University of Virginia in 1984.[8]

Harrt died in Washington, D.C. on 31 October 1991.[9]

Michelangelo controversy[edit]

In 1986 Hartt authenticated a plaster statue of a headless torso as an original by Michelangelo. "In March 1987, he presented his findings at the New York Academy of Sciences, where several other scholars confirmed his judgment."[10] An English newspaper, the Independent, later published an article implying that Hartt has acted dishonestly. He sued the paper for libel. While Hartt won the case, the judge reduced the sum awarded because Hartt had accepted a "commission on the sale of the statue after his writings about it were published."[11]

Bibliography (partial list)[edit]

  • Hartt, Frederick (1949). Florentine Art Under Fire. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Hartt, Frederick (1953). Sandro Botticelli. Harry N. Abrams, Inc.
  • Hartt, Frederick (1964). Love in Baroque Art. J.J. Augustin.
  • Hartt, Frederick (1968). Michelangelo: The Complete Sculpture. ISBN 9780810903005.
  • Hartt, Frederick (1969). History of Italian Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture. Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ISBN 9780810911635.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hartt, Frederick "Fred"". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Frederich Hartt Papers". National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Gallery Archives. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Hartt, Frederick "Fred"". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Hartt, Frederick "Fred"". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Hartt, Frederick "Fred"". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Hartt, Frederick "Fred"". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Hartt, Frederick "Fred"". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Frederich Hartt Papers". National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Gallery Archives. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Frederich Hartt Papers". National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Gallery Archives. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  10. ^ Honan, Willian H. (1 November 1991). "Frederick Hartt, 77, Dies; Expert on Michelangelo". New York Times. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  11. ^ Honan, Willian H. (1 November 1991). "Frederick Hartt, 77, Dies; Expert on Michelangelo". New York Times. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 

Sources[edit]