Frederick Heath (architect)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Frederick Heath
Frederick Heath (architect).png
Born Frederick Henry Heath
(1861-04-15)April 15, 1861
LaCrosse, Wisconsin
Died March 3, 1953(1953-03-03) (aged 91)
Tacoma, Washington
Nationality American
Buildings Paradise Inn at Mount Ranier
Stadium High School

Frederick Heath (April 15, 1861 — March 3, 1953) was an American architect responsible for numerous projects in Tacoma, Washington. He worked out of his own office and as a senior partner at architectural firms. He was involved with Spaulding, Russell & Heath (with Ambrose J. Russell), and Heath & Gove (later Heath, Gove & Bell). His work included designs for several historic and notable schools, churches, stadiums, and commercial properties.

Background[edit]

Heath was born in LaCrosse, Wisconsin, and raised in Minnesota, where he attended Powell's Academy.[1] His father was William Heath and his mother Elizabeth Noyes.[1] He was of English ancestry and his ancestors included General William Heath who served on the staff of General George Washington.[1]

Career[edit]

Paradise Inn (Washington) at Mount Rainier was built in 1915

Heath started off as a printer before working on architectural drafts in the office of Warren H. Hayes, where he was chief draftsman, for ten years.[1] He helped design many buildings in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota. He also worked on a large number of churches in the U.S. and many schools.[1]

Work in Tacoma[edit]

Stadium High School and its bowl stadium
The English Collegiate Gothic style Lincoln High School in Tacoma

Heath arrived in Washington at age 34 and started working in 1898, establishing his practice in 1901. The buildings he designed have been said to include "some of the most notable and beautiful structures of the city."[1]

Heath was the City of Tacoma's official school architect. He also designed the Masonic temple in North Yakima along the lines of interpretive reconstructions of King Solomon's Temple. He planned the 18-story National Realty Building in Tacoma— at the time the tallest building west of the Mississippi River— as well as a number of schools, such as Stadium High School [1] (the original building designed by Hewitt & Hewitt of Philadelphia was burned, leaving just a shell),[2] Lincoln High School,[1] Central School,[1][3][4] and Oakland Alternative High School.[5] Heath's work also includes St. Patrick's, First Church of Christ Scientist, and First Lutheran, First Baptist. He is credited alone with the Forbes P. Haskil, Jr. residence at 521 North Ainsworth (1906).

His designed the 1914 public library on Railroad Avenue and Fifth, Stadium Bowl in Tacoma, and Paradise Inn at Mount Rainier.[6]

Heath was known as the "Father of the Stadium" for his work on Stadium Bowl in Tacoma, one of his best-known projects.[1][7] Fellow architect Ambrose J. Russell worked in his Tacoma office.

He designed the Nereides Baths, which were located in Point Defiance Park between 1906 and 1931. The "eclectic building was constructed of logs and somewhat resembled a Swiss chalet". It was an attraction for the area that included Tacoma's first indoor swimming pool. Heath served as president of the park board from 1911 until 1916.[8] His "600 projects in the Northwest and in Tacoma" included Tacoma's St. Patrick's, First Church of Christian Scientist, First Lutheran and First Baptist. He also completed store designs for "the old" Rhodes and Bon Marche department stores on Broadway.[8] Heath continued to work until two weeks before he died in March 1953, "just a month shy of his 92nd birthday."[8] Heath also worked on designs for the Greek Theater (Los Angeles) in Griffith Park, Los Angeles.[citation needed][1]

Heath married Mabel Fallensbee in January 1885, and had a daughter and two sons.[1]

Heath, Gove & Bell[edit]

Heath's firm, Heath, Gove & Bell,[9] 6th Avenue Baptist Church and the Sitka Pioneers' Home in Sitka, Alaska.[10] Heath was also involved in the Spaulding, Russell & Heath (Spaulding was a marine architect and was only with the firm for a year) was designed the Frederick H. Murray Residence at 402 North Sheridan Avenue (1901) and the Burton A. Moore Residence at 414 North Sheridan Avenue (1901) in the Tacoma's historic North Slope area. The firm was contracted to supervise the reconstruction of Olympia's old state capitol building after a fire.[11]

Legacy[edit]

Paradise Inn in 2008 after renovations

The Paradise Inn at Mount Rainier (1915) that Heath's firm designed is listed as a landmark on the National Register of Historic Places[12] and the building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987.[12][13]

Pythian Temple was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 23, 1985.[14]

Stadium High School, featured in the 1999 film 10 Things I Hate About You, underwent a two-year $80 million renovation starting in 2004. The work won several awards.[15]

In 2008, plans for restorations and renovations of historic Tacoma schools, including several designed by Heath and his firm Heath & Gove, were discussed.[5]

Stadium High School and the Pythian Temple, housing the fraternal Order of the Knights of Pythias, were featured by the Society of Architectural Historians Marian Dean Ross Pacific Northwest Chapter in their summer 2008 newsletter. The group reported that the Pythias order remains active and is working to preserve its 1906 building and received grants for work on the Knight's of Castle Hall, a "two-story hall, completely hidden within the building's interior, is a rich confection of early 20th Century woodwork, plaster, lighting, murals and carpeting."[15]

Some of Heath's completed projects[edit]

Parks[edit]

Heath drew up plans for an open air 10,000 seat amphitheater that was proposed for Mount Rubidoux in Riverside, California in 1918. The theater was to be used for conventions and the "established" Easter sunrise service.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Hunt, Herbert; Floyd C. Kaylor (1917). Washington, west of the Cascades: historical and descriptive; the explorers, the Indians, the pioneers, the modern, Volume 3. S.J. Clarke. pp. 343–45. 
  2. ^ [1] News Tribune
  3. ^ "Central School". Google Maps. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  4. ^ Central School postcard Northwest Postcards database: Record #740 Tacoma Public Library
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Oakland Alternative High School in Tacoma's South End was built in 1912 by architects Frederick Heath and George Gove. It is one of more than two-dozen pre-1960s school buildings owned by Tacoma Public Schools that could be eligible for the City of Tacoma's register of historic places." Todd Matthews Survey could help preserve Tacoma's oldest public schools October 28, 2008 Tacoma Daily Index
  6. ^ Kirk, Ruth; Carmela Alexander (1995). Exploring Washington's past: a road guide to history. University of Washington Press. pp. 339, 364. ISBN 978-0-295-97443-9. 
  7. ^ "Stadium High School". Waymarking. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  8. ^ a b c Perry, Janice Lindeman; David Lind Perry; Mark Scharmer. "Historic Stadium High School, Tacoma, Washington". Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  9. ^ 6th Baptist Church Historic Tacoma
  10. ^ Sitka Pioneers' Home added 1979 - Building - #79000413) Also known as AHRS Site No. SIT-097;Sitka Pioneers' Home Katkian Ave. and Lincoln St., Sitka National Register of Historic Places
  11. ^ Fire damages the Old State Capitol Building in Olympia on September 8, 1928 Daryl C. McClary, May 24, 2007
  12. ^ a b Harrison, Laura Soullière (1986). "Architecture in the Parks: A National Historic Landmark Theme Study: Paradise Inn". National Historic Landmark Theme Study. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  13. ^ Laura Soullière Harrison (1985), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Paradise Inn (pdf), National Park Service  and Accompanying 32 photos, exterior and interior, from 1985 PDF (32 KB)
  14. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  15. ^ a b summer 2008 newsletter Society of Architectural Historians, Marian Dean Ross Pacific Northwest Chapter page 2
  16. ^ Todd Matthews Improvements planned for downtown historic Bowes Building Feb 03 2009 Tacoma Daily Index
  17. ^ McKinley Elementary School website
  18. ^ Pacific Northwest: Paradise Inn Great Lodges of the National Parks PBS
  19. ^ Western architect and engineer, Volumes 52-53 McGraw-Hill Co. of California, 1918 Original from the New York Public Library Digitized Jun 17, 2008

External links[edit]

  • Image of two buildings Heath designed from Tacoma Public Library. "Tacoma Grocery Co. building, 2108-12 Pacific Ave., built in 1906 and designed by Frederick Heath. To the far right is the Morris-Miller Co. building, 2102-06 Pacific Ave., also built in 1906 from a design by Frederick Heath. In 2000, these three turn of the century warehouses were purchased and remodeled into 150,000 square feet of office space called the Horizon Pacific Center by Oakland, Ca. developer Michael Bartlett. Mr. Bartlett and his firm, Horizon Partners, designed the space to attract high tech companies from costlier real estate areas such as Seattle and Bellevue"
  • Archival photo of First Lutheran Church
  • Masonic Home in Zenith, Washington