Friedrich II, Duke of Anhalt

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Frederick II
Duke of Anhalt
FriedrichDukeAnhalt2.jpg
Frederick II, Duke of Anhalt
Duke of Anhalt
Reign 24 January 1904 – 21 April 1918
Predecessor Frederick I
Successor Eduard
Spouse Princess Marie of Baden
Full name
Leopold Friedrich Eduard Karl Alexander
House House of Ascania
Father Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt
Mother Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
Born (1856-08-19)August 19, 1856
Dessau, Anhalt
Died April 21, 1918(1918-04-21) (aged 61)
Ballenstedt, Anhalt

Frederick II (German: Herzog Friedrich II von Anhalt) (19 August 1856 - 22 April 1918) was the Duke of Anhalt from 1904 until 1918.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Dessau in 1856, he was the second son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Anhalt-Dessau and his wife Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg.[1]

His father succeeded as Duke of Anhalt on 22 May 1871 and Frederick became heir apparent and Hereditary Prince following the death of his elder brother Leopold on 2 February 1886.

Marriage[edit]

Frederick was married on 2 July 1889 at Karlsruhe to Princess Marie of Baden (26 July 1865-29 November 1939). She was a daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Baden and his wife Princess Maria of Leuchtenberg, as well as an elder sister of Prince Maximilian of Baden, 8th Chancellor of Germany. The marriage produced no issue. [2]

Reign[edit]

Coin of Frederick II of Anhalt, Struck 1914
Obverse: (German) FRIEDRICH II MARIE HERZOG UND HERZOGIN VON ANHALT, 1889-1914, in English: "Frederick II, Marie, Duke and Duchess of Anhalt, 1889-1914" Reverse: (German) DEUTSCHES REICH, 1914, DREI MARK, in English: "The German Reich, 1914, Three Marks."
Royal monogram.

On 24 January 1904, Frederick succeeded his father as Duke of Anhalt.[3]

During his reign he was known for his love of music and maintained a Court Theatre which became celebrated throughout Europe.[4]

He was Grand Master of the Order of Albert the Bear and a Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. In 1914, during World War I, he instituted the Friedrich Cross as a decoration for merit in time of war.

He died at Ballenstedt Castle on 22 April 1918. As his marriage to Marie of Baden was without issue, he was succeeded as Duke by his younger brother Eduard.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Almanach de Gotha. 1858. p. 3. 
  2. ^ Almanach de Gotha. 1910. p. 2. 
  3. ^ "Duke of Anhalt is dead". New York Times. 1904-01-25. p. 7. 
  4. ^ "Music-Loving Duke dead". New York Times. 1918-04-23. p. 13. 
Friedrich II, Duke of Anhalt
Born: 18 August 1856 Died: 22 April 1918
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick I
Duke of Anhalt
1904-1918
Succeeded by
Eduard